- Battle of the Danzig Bay
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of the Danzig Bay
caption=Polish wz. 08/39 contact mine
partof=Invasion of Poland
September 1, 1939
Danzig Bay, Baltic Sea
AA units at
strength2=33 Junkers Ju 87B
casualties1=Up to 20 killed and wounded
A minor battle of the Danzig Bay ( _pl. bitwa w Zatoce Gdańskiej) took place on
September 1, 1939, at the beginning of the invasion of Poland, when Polish Navy vessels were attacked by German Luftwaffe aircraftin Gdańsk Bay(then Danzig Bay). It was one of the first incidents in which naval units had to defend itself against air forces.
Eve of the battle
Polish Navyof the Second Polish Republic(1919–39) was prepared mostly as means of supporting naval communications with France in case of a war with the Soviet Union. However, after it became apparent that the aggressive side would be Germany, most of modern Polish vessels were withdrawn from the Baltic Seain what was called Operation Peking. The remaining forces, consisting of several modern submarines and smaller vessels were to execute two major naval operations, both aimed at disrupting the German naval movement in the area of the Danzig Bayand transit movement between Germany and East Prussia. All submarines were dispatched for their operational zones in the southern Baltic to take part in Operation Worek, an attempt to sink as many German ships as possible.
All the remaining surface vessels were to be dispatched from the naval base in
Gdyniato Hel Peninsula, from where they were to start the so-called Operation Rurka. The plan was to lay an antiship minebarrier between Hel Peninsula and Danzig to prevent any enemy ship from entering the area.
At dusk ten Polish warships left Gdynia for Hel, located on the other side of the bay. There, the ships were to join with a number of torpedo boats and minelayers and start the minelaying operation. Among them were the
destroyerORP "Wicher", mine-layer "Gryf", minesweepers "Jaskółka", "Czapla", "Żuraw", "Czajka", "Rybitwa" and "Mewa" and gunboats "Komendant Piłsudski" and "Generał Haller".
While traversing the
Danzig Bay, the flotilla was attacked by a group of 33 German warplanes, mostly Junkers Ju 87BStuka dive bombers. The air raid was mostly unsuccessful and the Polish vessels suffered only minor losses. The backbone of the Polish flotilla, ORP "Gryf" with over 300 naval mines on board, remained unharmed.
However, soon after the first air raid was repelled, the German bombers returned. This time the losses were also minor and only minesweeper ORP "Mewa" was lightly damaged. However, the commanding officer of ORP "Gryf", Cmdr.
Stefan Kwiatkowskiwas killed by German machine gun fire. His executive officer, Lt. Cmdr. Wiktor Łomidzefeared that his cargo of antiship mines (comprising over 33 tonnes of high explosives) was a danger to the ship and if it were hit by a bomb, it would explode immediately. Because of that, he ordered all the mines to be disposed of in the sea.
After the battle
After successful defence against several consecutive air raids, the Polish flotilla arrived at Hel. However, since ORP "Gryf" had abandoned all of its mines, the Operation Rurka had to be called off. The only destroyer, ORP "Wicher", did not receive the orders calling off the operation and went straight to the pre-designed zone of operations to support the mine-layers. After waiting there for the whole night, its captain Lt. Cdr.
Stefan de Waldenencountered three German destroyers and decided to return to Hel Peninsula.
Both major vessels were there deprived of most of equipment and served as antiaircraft platforms in the Hel naval base.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Battle of Mława — Part of Invasion of Poland Date September 1 – September 3, 1939 Location … Wikipedia
Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Battle of Breitenfeld caption=Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle at Breitenfeld . partof=the Thirty Years War date=September 7 (O.S.)September 7 (old style or pre acceptance of the Gregorian calendar in the… … Wikipedia
Battle of Kępa Oksywska — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Kępa Oksywska partof=Invasion of Poland date=10 September – 19 September, 1939 place=Oksywie Heights, near Gdynia result=German victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= † commander2= strength1=… … Wikipedia
The March (1945) — The March refers to a series of death marches during the final stages of the Second World War in Europe. Over 80,000 Allied PoWs were force marched westward across Poland, Czechoslovakia and Germany in appalling winter conditions, lasting about… … Wikipedia
Battle of Gdynia — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Gdynia caption=German battleship Schleswig Holstein stationed at Danzig harbor is shelling nearby Polish positions at Gdynia. partof=Invasion of Poland date=September 8 – September 14, 1939… … Wikipedia
Sieges of Danzig — Battles near or Sieges of Danzig (Gdańsk) took place several times in the history of Danzig. The most notable are: Teutonic takeover of Danzig (Gdańsk) in 1308. This event involved several parties Siege of Danzig (1577) by king Stefan Batory,… … Wikipedia
Defense of the Polish Post Office in Danzig — (today Gdańsk) Part of the Invasion of Poland … Wikipedia
Gdańsk Bay — Coordinates: 54°28′59″N 18°57′31″E / 54.48306°N 18.95861°E / 54.48306; 18.95861 … Wikipedia
Military history of the Russian Empire — Armies of Russia Kievan Rus Druzhina (862–1400s) Voyi … Wikipedia
List of ships of the line of Russia — This is a list of Russian sail battleships of the period 1668 1860: The format is: Name, number of guns (rank/real amount), launch year (A = built in Arkhangelsk), fate (service = combat service, BU = broken up)Russian built battleshipsEarly… … Wikipedia