Baldassare Peruzziwas a leading Italian architect of the earlier 16th century; his son Giovanni Sallustio Peruzziwas also an architect."
The Peruzzi were bankers of
Florence, among the leading families of the city in the 14th century, before the rise to prominence of the Medici. Their modest antecedents stretched back to the mid 11th century, according to the family's genealogist Luigi Passerini, but a restructuring of the Peruzzii company in 1300, with an infusion of outside capital, marked the start of a quarter-century of prosperity that brought the family consortium to the forefront of Florentine affairs. Semi-public patronage reaffirmed the Peruzzi status in Florence: in his will in 1299, Donato di Arnoldo Peruzzi left money for a memorial chapel in a transept of the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence. It was probably his grandson Giovanni di Rinieri Peruzzi who was Giotto's patron in frescoing the walls with murals honoring John the Evangelist and John the Baptist, which Giotto executed, starting in 1313.
For economic historians the surviving account books of the Peruzzi cover the years 1335–1343, and provide an indispensable primary source for the economic history of the city on the cusp of the late Medieval and Early Modern period. The contemporary chronicler
Giovanni Villaniis the other prime source for the family's affairs.
The company that bore the Peruzzi name was run by a half-dozen family members, and there were many Peruzzi who were neither active nor silent partners, pursuing other careers, even amassing independent capital. The company's courier system acted as an intelligence-gathering system often embroiled in diplomacy. The size of the bank should not be understated: by the 1330s, the Peruzzi bank was the second largest in Europe, with fifteen branches from the Middle East to London, all capitalized to the sum of more than 100000 gold florins and manned by approximately 100 factors. [pg 3 of De Roover 1966]
Peruzzi capital had been amassed in the textile business that was the main engine of Florence's prosperity. English wool finished as high-quality cloth in
Brugeswas bought by Peruzzi "fattori" and distributed to the luxurious courts of Paris, Avignonor Naples, or returned to London. Peruzzi connections with the Knights Hospitallersgained them important local leverage in Rhodes, the economic capital of the Aegean and a transshipping port for silks, drugs, spices and luxuries from the East. Trade beyond Italy required agents and instruments of credit, extending the family business beyond its extended membership into an international network. In Italy was developed the double-entry bookkeepingthat made such complicated financial transactions possible. By the opening of the 14th century, the main activity of the Peruzzi had switched to wholesale commodities trading on a very large scale, especially in grain exported from the Angevine Kingdom of Naplesto the central Italian cities—for which they were granted a monopoly— and to banking, the field for which they are remembered: popes, nobles, bourgeois, towns and abbeys drew loans from the Peruzzi. But great clients incurred great risks. In 1343the Peruzzi consortium collapsed and was bankrupt in 1345, with their partners in risk-capital, the Bardi.
The traditional explanation, of unsecured loans extended to
Edward III of England, is currently considered simplistic. In fact, several factors destabilized the network of trade. The war with Castruccio Castracane of Luccabled Florentine specie to pay for mercenaries, while France and England went to war over Aquitaineand the peasants of Flandersrose up in a revolt that was put down with the aid of mercenaries purchased with Peruzzi florins.
Not all family fortune were tied in the bankruptcy, and the Peruzzi continued to figure among the prominent families of Florence, the "patrizii di Firenze". In 1849, in the wake of the disturbances of 1848, the
gonfaloniereof Florence was Ubaldino Peruzzi (giuseppe Conti, "Firenze Vecchia").
The tower of the fortified Villa Peruzzi in the comune of Antella south of Florence controls the main road into the
Members of the family who emigrated to America in the late 19th century and settled in Pennsylvania founded the Peruzzi chain of automobile dealerships and the Planters Nut and Chocolate Company.
* -(the product of three years research in the Florentine archives, to improve the author's previous work; it was previously released in 1963, not by the
Norton Librarybut by Harvard University Press)
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/html/g/giotto/s_croce/1peruzzi/ Scenes from the Peruzzi Chapel frescoes]
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=33008 Ephraim Russell, "The societies of the Bardi and the Peruzzi and their dealings with Edward III, 1327–45"]
*Edwin S. Hunt, 1994. "The Medieval Super-Companies : A Study of the Peruzzi Company of Florence" (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) ISBN 0-521-89415-8 ( [http://www.heliotropia.org/02-02/allaire.shtml Review] )
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Peruzzi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Baldassarre Peruzzi fue un importante arquitecto de principios del Siglo XVI; su hijo Giovanni Sallustio Peruzzi fue también arquitecto. Los Peruzzi fueron banqueros de Florencia, y una de las familias principales de … Wikipedia Español
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