- Ye Olde Trip To Jerusalem
Ye Olde Trip To Jerusalem is one of the 20
public houses (including three in Nottingham) Fact|date=July 2008 which claim to be the oldest drinking establishment in England. Its painted sign states that it was established in 1189AD. However, there is no documentation to verify this date, and the main building, built on the foundations of earlier constructions, is about three hundred years old.
"The Trip" (as it is known locally) is at the foot of Castle Rock in
Nottingham's city centre. According to local legend it takes its name from the 12th Century Crusadesto the Holy Land: legend has it that knights who answered the calls of Richard I to join the crusades stopped off at this watering hole for a pinton their way to Jerusalem. It is even claimed that Richard himself frequented the pub although this is probably merely legend as the king spent little time in the country. However, the word "trip" in the pub's name does not mean an entire journey; it derives from an older meaning of the word: a stop "during" a journey (ie "break in the journey to the Holy Land"). Others say that the pub takes its name from a religious group called the Philadelphianswho used to meet in Brewhouse Yard (but this does not fully explain the name).
The pub is famous for its
caves, carved out of the soft sandstonerock (beneath the castle) against which the building is set. The larger "ground level" caverns are now used as the pub's rear drinking rooms. There is also a network of caves beneath the building, originally used as a brewery. They seem to date from around the time of the construction of the castle (1068 CE).
The "cursed galleon" is a small wooden model of a ship in one bar. It's claimed that people who have cleaned it have all met a mysterious death. Landlords have refused to allow anyone to dust the ship over the years, allowing inches of thick grime to build up on it. The galleon is now encased in glass - previously, large clumps of dust would fall off into unsuspecting drinkers' pints.
External links and sources
* [http://www.triptojerusalem.com/ Official site for Ye Olde Trip To Jerusalem]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/nottingham/360/public_houses/ye_olde_trip_to_jerusalem_exterior.shtml BBC Nottingham information on the Trip]
* [http://www.nottshistory.org.uk/articles/tts/tts1929/itinerary1929p11.htm Nottinghamshire history of Brew House Yard]
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