Skien


Skien

Infobox_Kommune
name=Skien
county=Telemark
idnumber=0806
landscape=Grenland
capital=Skien
governor=Rolf Erling Andersen (Ap)
governor_as_of=2005
arearank=140
area=779
arealand=719
areapercent=0.24
population_as_of=2007
populationrank=12
population=50,595
populationpercent=1.10
populationdensity=70
populationincrease=4.6
language=Neutral
lat_deg=59| lat_min=12| lat_sec=29| lon_deg=9| lon_min=33| lon_sec=10
utm_zone=32V| utm_northing=6563352 |utm_easting=0531568| geo_cat=adm2nd


munwebpage=www.skien.kommune.no
Audio|Skien.ogg|Skien is a city and municipality in the county of Telemark, Norway and administrative centre of Telemark County.

Skien was established as a municipality 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipalities of Gjerpen and Solum were merged with Skien 1 January 1964.

The conurbation of Skien and Porsgrunn is considered by Statistics Norway the seventh largest city in Norway straddling an area of three municipalities: Skien municipality (about 52% of the population), Porsgrunn (35%) and Bamble (11.5%). The area is home to more than 85,000 people. The town also has a large Somalian population.

History

Until 1979, it was believed that Skien was founded in the 14th century. However, the archaeological find of a carving of the Skien animal has established its founding to before 1000 A.D. The city was then a meeting place for inland farmers and sailing traders, and also as a shipping harbour for whetstones from Eidsborg (inland Telemark). The settlement can be traced back to the 11th century, and Gimsøy Abbey was founded in the 12th century. Skien was given formal commercial town rights by the Danish crown in 1358. Timber has historically been the most dominant export product from Skien. The oldest remaining building is Gjerpen church (built in approximately 1150).

The current town layout was fixed after the last town fire in 1886. In 1964, the rural municipalities Solum and Gjerpen were merged together with Skien town, forming the Skien municipality.

Toponymy

The Old Norse form of the name was "Skiða" (from the word "skiða" f 'straight plank'), and the town is probably named after a brook (with a straight run) with this name.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is based upon a seal from 1609. It shows a pair of skis (this is based upon a misunderstanding of the meaning of the name of the town, which has nothing to do with skis.)

Transportation

Skien is one terminus for the Telemark Canal (in Norwegian, "Telemarkskanalen"), which consists of two canals. In Europe canals were commonly built in the pre-railroad period to transport goods, timber and passengers.
* The “Norsjø-Skienskanalen”, with one terminus at Skien and the other at Løveid, was built in 1854–1861, and is the oldest of the two canals.
* The “Bandak-Nordsjøkanalene” continued the canal beyond Løveid – it was opened in 1892.

Skien was connected to the Norwegian railway network (Vestfoldbanen) in 1882. In 1919 Bratsbergbanen opened between Skien and Notodden. Norges Statsbaner still operates regular train services on both railways. The local airport is called Skien Lufthavn Geiteryggen and serves domestic flights to Bergen, Stavanger and Molde and international flights to Stockholm by the airline Vildanden. Skien harbour is located at Vold havneterminal.

ports

Arenas

*Gjerpenhallen
*Mælahallen
*Skagerak Arena
*Skienshallen
*Skien Ishall
*Skien Isstadion

Teams

*Gjerpen I.F. (handball)
*Odd Grenland (football)
*Sceen Curling Klubb (curling)
*Skien Ishockeyklubb (ice hockey)
*Tollnes Ballklubb (football)

Commerce and industry

The largest industries are
* ABB (electromechanical)
* Norske Skog Union (paper mill) (2006)(Mill Shut down in Spring '06)
* [http://www.efd-induction.com/ EFD Induction a.s] (induction heating) (induction welding)

Other important places of work are
* Sykehuset Telemark (hospital)
* Fylkesmannen (The local Norwegian State Administration)

The daily newspapers Varden and Telemarksavisa are published in Skien.

hopping

Skien has four shopping malls

*Handelsbyen Herkules (110 stores, 15 food places)
*Arkeden Skien Storsenter (44 stores, 6 food places)
*Lietorvet Senter (29 stores, 2 food places)
*Klosterfoss (10 stores)

Townscape

Telemark Museum is located in Skien. Skien was the birthplace of the author and playwright Henrik Ibsen. At Venstøp in Skien you can find the Venstøp Farm, established as the Ibsen Museum in 1958.

Notable people from Skien

* Henrik Ibsen, playwright
* Severin Løvenskiold, politician
* Hjalmar Johansen, polar explorer
* Gunnar Knudsen, prime minister
* Jon Fredrik Baksaas, chief executive officer
* Bård Tufte Johansen, comedian
* Tor Åge Bringsværd, author
* Rune Jarstein, football player
* Torjus Hansén, football player
* Tommy Svindal Larsen, football player
* Frode Johnsen, football player
* Aage Samuelsen, singer and composer
* Bugge Wesseltoft, musician and composer
* Bjørn Tore Godal, politician
* Terje Riis Johansen, politician
* Audun Kleive, musician
* Petter Stordalen, investor

External links

* Municipality website in [http://www.skien.kommune.no/ Norwegian] and [http://www.skien.kommune.no/ITF-SKI/knginter.nsf/web/bdEngelskInformasjon English]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Skien — Blason de Skien Localisation de Skien dans le Telemark …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Skien — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Skien — Skien, so v.w. Skeen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Skien — (Skeen), Hauptstadt des norweg. Amtes Bratsberg, an der Skienselv, die hier zwei Wasserfälle bildet, an der Staatsbahnlinie Drammen S., hat eine Gelehrtenschule, lebhaften Handel, bedeutende Holz und Papierfabriken und (1900) 11,394 Einw. S.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Skien — (spr. schihn), Hauptstadt des norweg. Amtes Bratsberg, an der Skienself, (1900) 11.343 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Skien — Skien, Skeen. Stadt im südl. Norwegen, mit 2100 E., Ausfuhr von Holz, Theer, Pech und Eisen über den Hafen Porsgrund …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Skien —   [ ʃiːən], Hauptstadt der Provinz (Fylke) Telemark, Südnorwegen, am Skienselv, nahe dem Frierfjord, 49 600 Einwohner; Regionalmuseum; Holz , Papier , Nahrungsmittel und elektrotechnische Industrie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Skien — er en by i provinsen Telemarken, Norge med 49.936 indbyggere den 1. januar 2002 …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Skien — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Skien — Original name in latin Skien Name in other language Gorad Shyen, Kommun Skien, SKE, Shien, Shijen, Sienas, Skien, Skien kommune, Skieni vald, shien, sien, skayn, skiyena, xi en, ienas, Горад Шыен, Шиен, Шијен, Шієн State code NO Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.