Rolf Erling Andersen(Ap)
lat_deg=59| lat_min=12| lat_sec=29| lon_deg=9| lon_min=33| lon_sec=10
utm_zone=32V| utm_northing=6563352 |utm_easting=0531568| geo_cat=adm2nd
Skien was established as a municipality 1 January 1838 (see
formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipalities of Gjerpenand Solum were merged with Skien 1 January 1964.
conurbationof Skien and Porsgrunnis considered by Statistics Norwaythe seventh largest city in Norway straddling an area of three municipalities: Skien municipality (about 52% of the population), Porsgrunn (35%) and Bamble (11.5%). The area is home to more than 85,000 people. The town also has a large Somalianpopulation.
Until 1979, it was believed that Skien was founded in the 14th century. However, the archaeological find of a carving of the
Skien animalhas established its founding to before 1000 A.D. The city was then a meeting place for inland farmers and sailing traders, and also as a shipping harbour for whetstones from Eidsborg(inland Telemark). The settlement can be traced back to the 11th century, and Gimsøy Abbeywas founded in the 12th century. Skien was given formal commercial town rights by the Danish crown in 1358. Timber has historically been the most dominant export product from Skien. The oldest remaining building is Gjerpen church (built in approximately 1150).
The current town layout was fixed after the last town fire in 1886. In 1964, the rural municipalities Solum and Gjerpen were merged together with Skien town, forming the Skien municipality.
Old Norseform of the name was "Skiða" (from the word "skiða" f 'straight plank'), and the town is probably named after a brook (with a straight run) with this name.
The coat-of-arms is based upon a seal from 1609. It shows a pair of
skis (this is based upon a misunderstanding of the meaning of the name of the town, which has nothing to do with skis.)
Skien is one terminus for the
Telemark Canal(in Norwegian, "Telemarkskanalen"), which consists of two canals. In Europecanals were commonly built in the pre-railroad period to transport goods, timber and passengers.
* The “Norsjø-Skienskanalen”, with one terminus at Skien and the other at
Løveid, was built in 1854–1861, and is the oldest of the two canals.
* The “Bandak-Nordsjøkanalene” continued the canal beyond Løveid – it was opened in 1892.
Skien was connected to the Norwegian railway network (
Vestfoldbanen) in 1882. In 1919 Bratsbergbanenopened between Skien and Notodden. Norges Statsbanerstill operates regular train services on both railways. The local airport is called Skien Lufthavn Geiteryggenand serves domestic flights to Bergen, Stavangerand Moldeand international flights to Stockholm by the airline Vildanden. Skien harbour is located at Vold havneterminal.
Commerce and industry
The largest industries are
* ABB (electromechanical)
Norske Skog Union( paper mill) (2006)(Mill Shut down in Spring '06)
* [http://www.efd-induction.com/ EFD Induction a.s] (
induction heating) ( induction welding)
Other important places of work are
* Sykehuset Telemark (hospital)
* Fylkesmannen (The local Norwegian State Administration)
The daily newspapers Varden and
Telemarksavisaare published in Skien.
Skien has four shopping malls
Handelsbyen Herkules(110 stores, 15 food places)
Arkeden Skien Storsenter(44 stores, 6 food places)
Lietorvet Senter(29 stores, 2 food places)
Telemark Museumis located in Skien. Skien was the birthplace of the author and playwright Henrik Ibsen. At Venstøp in Skien you can find the Venstøp Farm, established as the Ibsen Museum in 1958.
Notable people from Skien
Henrik Ibsen, playwright
Severin Løvenskiold, politician
Hjalmar Johansen, polar explorer
Gunnar Knudsen, prime minister
Jon Fredrik Baksaas, chief executive officer
Bård Tufte Johansen, comedian
Tor Åge Bringsværd, author
Rune Jarstein, football player
Torjus Hansén, football player
Tommy Svindal Larsen, football player
Frode Johnsen, football player
Aage Samuelsen, singer and composer
Bugge Wesseltoft, musician and composer
Bjørn Tore Godal, politician
Terje Riis Johansen, politician
Audun Kleive, musician
Petter Stordalen, investor
* Municipality website in [http://www.skien.kommune.no/ Norwegian] and [http://www.skien.kommune.no/ITF-SKI/knginter.nsf/web/bdEngelskInformasjon English]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Skien — Blason de Skien Localisation de Skien dans le Telemark … Wikipédia en Français
Skien — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Skien — Skien, so v.w. Skeen … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Skien — (Skeen), Hauptstadt des norweg. Amtes Bratsberg, an der Skienselv, die hier zwei Wasserfälle bildet, an der Staatsbahnlinie Drammen S., hat eine Gelehrtenschule, lebhaften Handel, bedeutende Holz und Papierfabriken und (1900) 11,394 Einw. S.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Skien — (spr. schihn), Hauptstadt des norweg. Amtes Bratsberg, an der Skienself, (1900) 11.343 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Skien — Skien, Skeen. Stadt im südl. Norwegen, mit 2100 E., Ausfuhr von Holz, Theer, Pech und Eisen über den Hafen Porsgrund … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Skien — [ ʃiːən], Hauptstadt der Provinz (Fylke) Telemark, Südnorwegen, am Skienselv, nahe dem Frierfjord, 49 600 Einwohner; Regionalmuseum; Holz , Papier , Nahrungsmittel und elektrotechnische Industrie. … Universal-Lexikon
Skien — er en by i provinsen Telemarken, Norge med 49.936 indbyggere den 1. januar 2002 … Danske encyklopædi
Skien — Wappen Karte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Skien — Original name in latin Skien Name in other language Gorad Shyen, Kommun Skien, SKE, Shien, Shijen, Sienas, Skien, Skien kommune, Skieni vald, shien, sien, skayn, skiyena, xi en, ienas, Горад Шыен, Шиен, Шијен, Шієн State code NO Continent/City… … Cities with a population over 1000 database