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:"This article is about the Norwegian town. For the industrial corporation named Kongsberg, see
Kongsberg Gruppen(with links to subsidiary firms)".Kongsberg is a municipality and town at the southern end of the Numedalvalley, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.
The town was founded in 1624 under the name "Konings Bierg" [The name "Konings Bierg", modern form "Kongsberg", is based on the following two elements: the genitive case of "konge" m.
king(referring to king Christian IV), and "berg" n. mountain.] by Danish-Norwegian king Christian IV as a miningcommunity (see below), and was granted its royal charter of trade—amounting to official township—in 1802. Kongsberg was established as a municipality 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipalities of Ytre Sandsværand Øvre Sandsværwere merged with Kongsberg 1 January 1964.
Today, Kongsberg is perhaps best known for being the home of Norway's major defence contractor, The Kongsberg Group, formerly "Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk". One of its products was the
Geography and transport
The neighbouring municipalities of Kongsberg are
Flesbergto the north, Øvre Eikerand Hofto the east, Lardal, Siljan and Skiento the south, and Sauheradand Notoddento the west. Of these, the two first lie in Buskerud county like Kongsberg, while Hof and Lardal lie in Vestfold, and the others lie in Telemark. The town is divided by the river Numedalslågen, which has three waterfalls in the town itself.
Main highways are the E134, crossing Kongsberg east-west (and connected to the E18 to
Oslo), and National Highway No. 40 "(Riksvei 40)", going north-south. Sørlandsbanenrailway line stops at Kongsberg station, with connection to local and regional bus lines.
Kongsberg is particularly known for its old
silvermines, from which roughly 1,350 tonnes of silver was extracted between the discovery of silver oreseams in 1623, and the last year of mining, in 1957. In 1770, the mines employed ca 4,000 workers, and the town was the second largest in Norway, after Bergen(and thus larger than today's capital, Oslo).
Following several hard years with reduced silver output from the mines, the war of 1807–1814, and a severe town fire in 1810 where 56 houses on the west side were destroyed, mining was complemented by the Government establishing a
defence industryin 1814. During peaceful times, the defence industry gradually evolved into many other kinds of high-tech activities as well, now dominating the town's employment.
In 1987, however, the state-owned Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk (KV) (lit.: "Kongsberg Weapons Factory") suffered a major financial crisis as well as accusations of breaching the
CoComrules by selling sensitive technology to the Soviet bloc. As a result the company was split into several smaller units and partly sold to private investors. Today, the separate firms thrive as one of Norway's main high-tech industrial clusters, centering on the defence and maritime company Kongsberg Gruppenwhich is listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange.
Kongsberg is also home to the Mint of Norway ("Det Norske Myntverket"), which exclusively makes Norwegian coins. It was established in 1686, and was renamed from the Royal Norwegian Mint ("Den Kongelige Mynt") in 2004 after having been sold to private investors (the Mint of Finland and Norwegian company "Samlerhuset") in 2003.
Coat of arms
coat of armsfrom 1972, based upon the old seal for the city from 1689, shows the Roman god Janus dressed as an emperor (to represent the king); the sword and the pair of scales represents justice.
With the population increase during the town's silver mining heyday of the mid-sixteenth century came the need for a new church, which was built over a period 21 years and inaugurated in 1761. It has an austere red
brickexterior, but a richly decorated baroqueinterior including one-of-a-kind chandeliers made at "Nøstetangen" Glass Works in neighbouring Hokksund. Kongsberg Church remains one of the largest in Norway with a seating capacityof 2,400.
The church's original baroque-era
pipe organ, made by renowned German organ builder Gottfried Heinrich Glogerin 1760–65, was fully restored by Jürgen Ahrendin 1999–2000 and reopened to great fanfare in January 2001. With its 42 voices it is the largest baroque organ in Scandinavia. At the end of January each year, the Gloger Music Festival now draws a select crowd of artists and music lovers from all over the world.
Since 1964, Kongsberg has hosted
Kongsberg Jazzfestival, an annual international jazzfestival. Heavily sponsored by the local industry, prominent world acts such as BB King, Diana Krall, Ornette Coleman, Joshua Redmanand John Scofieldhave played at the festival in recent years.
Kongsberg's most famous son is a-ha singer,
Morten Harketborn in 1959. Morten partly grew up here. Kongsberg is also the hometown of composers and pianists Christian Sindingand Halfdan Cleve, as well as pianist Håkon Austbø, jazz pianist Morten Qvenildand jazz guitarist Ivar Grydeland.
The town is known for many great ski jumpers.
Birger Ruudand his two brothers, as well as many other townsmen, such as Petter Hugsted, won numerous medals in Winter Olympics and other international championships in the 1930s and 40s. Their medals and equipment can be seen at the Kongsberg Skiing Museum("Kongsberg Skimuseum") which is co-located with the Norwegian Mining Museum ("Norsk Bergverksmuseum") in central Kongsberg. Inventor of the modern ski binding, Norwegian-Americanskier and Olympic skiing coach Hjalmar Hvam, was born in Kongsberg in 1902.
Recent winter sports athletes of the Kongsberg region include Olympic snowboarders
Stine Brun Kjeldaasand Halvor Lunn; cross-country ski sprinter Børre Næssof the village "Efteløt"; and ski jumper Sigurd Pettersenof nearby municipality Rollag(60 km/37 mi north of Kongsberg). A large ski center for alpine skiingand snowboarding, with several lifts and ca 320 m of height difference has been in operation and gradually expanding since 1965. Kongsberg hosted the cross-country skiing parts of the 2006 Nordic skiingNational Championships. The arranging sportsclub was IL Skrim, the ski tracks being located at former military camp Heistadmoen.
* [http://www.solvveien.no/index_english.htm Kongsberg Tourist Office] – Comprehensive information about the town and surrounding landscape, including photos and webcams
* [http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Europe/Norway/Buskerud/Kongsberg-217419/TravelGuide-Kongsberg.html KONGSBERG Travel Guide] – From VirtualTourist.com; contains tourist-submitted photos and articles
* [http://www.kongsberg-jazzfestival.no/default.asp?uid=172&CID=172 Kongsberg Jazz Festival] – Official website, with lists of artists and concert dates
* [http://www.gloger.no/ The Gloger Academy] – History of the Gloger Organ (in English), and information on upcoming concerts and the Gloger Music Festival
* [http://www.laagendalsposten.no/ Laagendalsposten] – The local newspaper covering Kongsberg and
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kongsberg — Blason de Kongsberg Localisation de Kongsberg dans le Buskerud … Wikipédia en Français
Kongsberg IF — Name Kongsberg Idrettsforening Vereinsfarben Rot Weiß Gegründet 26. Januar 1899 Mitglieder ? Abteilungen Skispring … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kongsberg — [ kɔȖsbær], Stadt im Verwaltungsgebiet Buskerud, Südnorwegen, 23 000 Einwohner; staatliche Münze, Bergbau und kulturhistorisches Museum; Waffen und Munitionsfabrik (seit 1814), die heute auch Werkzeuge und Maschinen herstellt, elektronische… … Universal-Lexikon
Kongsberg — Kongsberg, Bergstadt des norwegischen Amtes Buskerud, in einem von Höhen umgebenen Thale, 6000 Ew.; Amthaus, Arresthaus, Silberbergwerk mit Pulvermühle, Eisenwerk, Waffenfabrik … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Kongsberg — Kongsberg, Bergstadt im norweg. Amt Buskerud, am Laagen und an der Eisenbahn Hougsund K., Sitz der königlichen Münze, hat ein Silberbergwerk, eine Gewehrfabrik, ein Denkmal Christians IV. (seit 1883), des Gründers der Stadt, und (1900) 5663 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Kongsberg — Kongsberg, Bergstadt im norweg. Amte Buskerud, am Laagen, (1900) 5585 E., Sitz der königl. Münze … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Kongsberg — Kongsberg, norweg. Stadt im Stifte Aggerhuus mit 4300 E., wichtigem Silberbergwerke … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Kongsberg — Wappen Karte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kongsberg IF — Infobox athletics club clubname = Kongsberg IF fullname = Kongsberg Idrettforening founded = 1899 ground = Idrettsparken Kongsberg Kongsberg Idrettforening is a Norwegian sports club from Kongsberg, founded in 1899. It has sections for athletics … Wikipedia
Kongsberg — Original name in latin Kongsberg Name in other language Kongsberg, Kongsberg kommun, XKB, Конгсберг State code NO Continent/City Europe/Oslo longitude 59.66858 latitude 9.65017 altitude 161 Population 17667 Date 2010 12 07 … Cities with a population over 1000 database