- Argentine Northwest
The region had 5 different biomes:
* Sub-Andean humid Sierras of the east
* Fertile valleys
* The canyons
* The high mountains of the Andes
Yungasjungle on the east, near the Gran Chacoregion, the only fertile lands are those near the basins of the rivers . Ancient rivers created a series of red-soil canyons such as the Quebrada de Humahuacaand the Valles Calchaquíes. The high peaks of the Andes reach heights of over 6,000 meters, and the 3,500-meter high plateau of "La Puna" or Altiplanoextends further north to Bolivia.
The eastern winds drop their humidity at the sub-Andean Sierras and eastern slopes of the Andes. These areas have a sub-tropical warm weather with abundant rains that, as in the
The dried-up winds continue their path to the west, leaving the Puna and the western side of the arid
Andessteppe with wide temperature differences, something that characterizes most of the region.
Precipitation in most of the Argentine northwest follows a summer
monsoonpattern, enjoying most of the roughly 700mm (27") of annual rainfall in the souther hemisphere summer months of December through March. [http://www.meteofa.mil.ar/ SMN]
The fertile valleys concentrate most of the population of the area, and the economic activities. Of these, the cultivation of
sugarcane, tobacco, and citrusare the most important, together with cattleand goatraising.There are also important vineyardsat the Valles Calchaquíeson the Cafayateregion.
Main industries are sugarcane or food associated, except for the " Altos Hornos Zapala"
lead, silver, zincand salt, and hydrocarbonsextraction. These polluting activities though, together with the deforestation for timber and wood present the main ecological problem of the region.
The Argentine Northwest is visited not only by Argentines but by people from all over the world, specially
Europeans.The most common destination are Quebrada de Humahuacaand the Cerro de los Siete Colores, Cafayateand the Valles Calchaquíes, Tafí del Valle, and the capital cities of the provinces: San Miguel de Tucumán, San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca, Saltaand San Salvador de Jujuy.
The national parks of the region are:
Baritú National Park, Calilegua National Park, El Rey National Park, Los Cardones National Parkand Campo de los Alisos National Park.
Besides the geography of the area, its culture is of great interest. It is strongly influenced by
Quechuaand Aymaracultures, and the region widely differentiates to the more European Buenos Aires.
This influence can be seen in the music, clothing and customs of the people.
1948 Salta earthquake
* [http://www.moon.com/planner/argentina/regions/andes.html The Andean nortwest]
* [http://www.argentinaturistica.com/rnoroestecultura.htm Argentine Northwest] (Spanish)
* [http://www.ruta0.com/mapasaltajujuynoa.ASP Map with routes]
* [http://www.monografias.com/trabajos/noroeste/noroeste.shtml Monografias.com:Argentine Northwest] (Spanish)
* [http://www.argentinaxplora.com/activida/legado/sonder/sonder.htm Argentine Northwest art] (Spanish)
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