Prosopis nigra


Prosopis nigra

Taxobox
name = "Algarrobo negro"


status = DD
status_system = iucn2.3
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fabales
familia = Fabaceae
subfamilia = Mimosoideae
genus = "Prosopis"
species = "P. nigra"
binomial = "Prosopis nigra"
binomial_authority = Griseb.
:"For other tree species with similar names, see "Algarrobo".""Prosopis nigra" (synonym "Prosopis algarrobilla") is a South American leguminous tree species that inhabits the Gran Chaco ecoregion (in particular, the transition zone between the Wet Chaco and the Southern Chaco), in Argentina and Paraguay. It is known as "algarrobo negro" in Spanish, which means "black carob tree" (the Spanish settlers gave it that name, as they did with many other species of genus "Prosopis", because of its similarity to the European carob tree). It is also variously called "algarrobo dulce", "algarrobo morado" and "algarrobo amarillo" ("sweet", "purple" and "yellow" carob tree, respectively).

The tree blossoms in September and October, and gives fruit from November to March. It grows together with the "vinalillo" tree ("Prosopis vinalillo") and under the tops of the palm tree "Copernicia alba". Like the other species of this genus, it tolerates arid climate, but can also survive in flooded ground for a long time. The heartwood is dark brown and very heavy, considered noble by local carpenters, also weather resistant, it presents streaks.

Usage

Algarrobo negro wood is fairly used for making furniture and barrels. High in tannin, it has been (since colonial era) and is used for leather tanning. The fruit is dehiscent pod, called "algaroba", with a sweet starchy paste inside, which is milled to make flour, and for alcoholic beverages after fermentation.

ources

* [http://delta-intkey.com/wood/english/www/mimprnig.htm Commercial timbers: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval] - H. G. Richter and M. J. Dallwitz
* [http://www.agr.una.py/cgi-cef/cef.cgi?rm=detalle&ID=111 Catálogo Web de especies forestales] - Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Asunción (in Spanish)

References

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prosopis nigra — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Algarrobo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prosopis nigra —   Algarrobo negro …   Wikipedia Español

  • Prosopis nigra — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Algarrobo. Algarrobo negro …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prosopis nigra — juodasis algarobas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mimozinių šeimos pašarinis augalas (Prosopis nigra), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Prosopis nigra angl. algarrobo negro šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos 2010 m.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Prosopis nigra — ID 67909 Symbol Key PRNI3 Common Name algarrobo negro Family Fabaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Prosopis nigra Griseb. ex Hieron. — Symbol PRNI3 Common Name algarrobo negro Botanical Family Fabaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Prosopis — alba, Habitus Systematik Eurosiden I Ordnung: Schmetterlingsblütenartige (Fabales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prosopis — Prosopis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prosopis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Prosopis Prosopis caldenia, una especie de laArgentina central …   Wikipedia Español

  • Prosopis alba — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Algarrobo …   Wikipédia en Français


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