Balneotherapy (from Latin: balneum, "bath") the treatment of
diseaseby bathing. It may involve hot or cold water, massagevia moving water, relaxationor stimulation. Many mineral waters at spas are rich in particular minerals ( silica, sulfur, selenium, radium) which can be absorbed via the skin.
Definition and characteristics
The term "balneotherapy" is generally applied to everything relating to spa treatment, including the drinking of waters and the use of hot baths and natural vapor baths, as well as of the various kinds of mud and sand used for hot applications. Balneotherapy is refers to the medical use of these spas, as opposed to recreational use. Common minerals found in spa waters are are
sodium, magnesium, calciumand iron, as well as arsenic, lithium, potassium, manganese, bromine, and iodine. Resorts may also add minerals or essential oils to naturally-occurring hot springs. Though balneotherapy commonly refers to mineral baths, the term may also apply to water treatments using regular hot or cold tap water.
Mud baths are also included in balneotherapy, and the dirt and water used to mix mud baths may also contain minerals which are thought to have beneficial properties.
Treatment of diseases
Balneotherapy may be recommended for wide range of illnesses, including
author=Sukenik S |title=Balneotherapy at the Dead Sea area for knee osteoarthritis
journal=IMAJ |volume= 1
issue= 2|pages= 83-85
url=] , skin conditions and
author=Deniz Evcik |title=The effects of balneotherapy on fibromyalgia patients
journal=Rheumatology International |volume= 22
issue= 2|pages= 56-59
url=] . As with any medical treatment, balneotherapy should be discussed with a physician before beginning treatment, since a number of conditions, like heart disease and pregnancy, can result in a serious adverse reaction.
Scientific studies into the effectiveness of balneotherapy tend to be neutral or positive, finding that balneotherapy provides no effect or a placebo effect, or that there is a positive effect. However, many of these studies suffer from methodological flaws, and so may not be entirely reliable. [cite journal
author=Verhagen AP |title=Balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
journal=Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews |volume=
url=] [cite journal
author=Verhagen AP |title=Taking baths: the efficacy of balneotherapy in patients with arthritis. A systematic review.
journal=J Rheumatol |volume= 24
issue= 10|pages= 1964-71
year= 1997|month= Oct
Blue Lagoon (geothermal spa)in Iceland
Băile Govora(Spa town) in Vâlcea County, Romania
Warm Springs, Georgia, USA
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Look at other dictionaries:
balneotherapy — al ne*o*ther a*py, n. [L. balneum bath + Gr. qerapey ein to heal.] The treatment of disease by baths. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
balneotherapy — balneoterapija statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Gydymas mineraliniu vandeniu, mineralinio vandens vartojimas profilaktikos tikslams. kilmė lot. balneum – maudyklė + terapija atitikmenys: angl. balneotherapy vok. Balneotherapie … Sporto terminų žodynas
balneotherapy — balneoterapija statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Mokslas apie mineralinių šaltinių vandens vartojimą gydymo reikalams. kilmė lot. balneum – maudyklė + terapija atitikmenys: angl. balneotherapy vok. Balneotherapie, f rus.… … Sporto terminų žodynas
balneotherapy — /bal nee oh ther euh pee/, n. the treatment of diseases, injuries, and other physical ailments with baths and bathing, esp. in natural mineral waters. [1880 85; balne (see BALNEAL) + O + THERAPY] * * * … Universalium
balneotherapy — noun The treatment of disease by bathing … Wiktionary
balneotherapy — bal·neo·ther·a·py ther ə pē n, pl pies the treatment of disease by baths * * * n. the treatment of disease by bathing, usually in the mineral containing waters of hot springs. The once fashionable water cures , taken at spas, certainly had a more … Medical dictionary
balneotherapy — [ˌbalnɪə(ʊ) θɛrəpi] noun the treatment of disease by bathing in mineral springs … English new terms dictionary
balneotherapy — bal·neo·therapy … English syllables
balneotherapy — n. the treatment of disease by bathing, usually in the mineral containing waters of hot springs. The once fashionable ‘water cures’, taken at spas, certainly had a more psychological than physical effect. Today, specialized remedial treatment in… … The new mediacal dictionary
balneotherapy — n. treatment by natural waters. ♦ balneotherapeutic, a. ♦ balneotherapeutics, n … Dictionary of difficult words