- Lawrence of Brindisi
name=Saint Lawrence of Brindisi
birth_date=July 22, 1559
death_date=July 22, 1619
army, with Jesus
Villafranca del Bierzo
Saint Lawrence of Brindisi (
July 22, 1559, Brindisi, Puglia– July 22, 1619), born "Giulio Cesare Russo", was a Roman Catholicpriest and a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin.
beatifiedin 1783 by Pope Pius VI, canonizedin 1881 by Pope Leo XIII, and declared a Doctor of the Churchby Pope John XXIIIin 1959. His feast dayis July 21.
Julio was born in Brindisi,
Kingdom of Naples, to a family of Venetian merchants. He was educated at Saint Mark's Collegein Venice, and joined the Capuchins in Veronaas Brother Lorenzo. He received further instruction from the University of Padua. An accomplished linguist, Lawrence spoke most European and Semiticlanguages fluently.
He was appointed
definitor-generalfor Romefor the Capuchins in 1596; Pope Clement VIIIassigned him the task of converting the Jews in the city. Beginning in 1599, Lawrence established Capuchin monasteries in modern Germanyand Austria, furthering the Counter-Reformationand bringing many Protestantsback to the Catholic faith.
In 1601, he served as the imperial chaplain for the army of
Rudolph II, Holy Roman Emperor, and successfully recruited Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeurto help fight against the Ottoman Turks. He then led the army during the capture of Székesfehérvárfrom the Ottoman Empire, armed only with a crucifix.
In 1602 he was elected
vicar-generalof the Capuchins, at that time the highest office in the order. He was elected again in 1605, but refused the office. He entered the service of the Holy See, becoming nuncioto Bavaria. After serving as nuncio to Spain, he retired to a monasteryin 1618. He was recalled as a special envoy to the King of Spain regarding the actions of the Viceroyof Naples in 1619, and after finishing his mission, died on his birthday in Lisbon.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09359a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia article] (retrieved Aug 23, 2005)
* [http://www.capuchinfriars.org.au/saints/laurence.shtml Capuchin Franciscan Friars of Australia biography] (retrieved Aug 23, 2005)
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintl15.htm Patron Saints Index biography] (retrieved Aug 23, 2005)
* [http://www.franciscan-archive.org/laurentius/opera/lau01005.html A Homily by Lawrence of Brindisi]
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