Augusta (honorific)


Augusta (honorific)

Augusta was the feminine form of the title Augustus. It was usually given to the wives or relatives of the Roman Emperors. In the third century, "Augustae" could also receive the titles of "Mater castrorum" and "Mater patriae".

Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, took Egypt away from the Romans when she conquered Ægyptus in 269. She declared herself the Queen of Egypt and took the name "Augusta" for that title. She was well educated and knew much about history and other languages. This warrior Queen claimed that Egypt was an ancestral home of hers through a familial tie to Cleopatra VII. She was familiar with the culture of Egypt, its religion, and its language and was welcomed as a ruler by the native Egyptians..

List of "Augustae" among Roman women

* 14: Livia, wife of Augustus.
* 41: Antonia Minor, mother of Claudius.
* 50: Agrippina the Younger, wife of Claudius.
* 64: Poppaea Sabina and Claudia, wife and daughter of Nero.
* before 80: Flavia Domitilla, daughter of Vespasian.

* 105: Pompeia Plotina and Ulpia Marciana, wife and sister of Trajan.
* 112: Salonina Matidia, niece of Trajan.
* 128: Vibia Sabina, wife of Hadrian.
* 138: Faustina the Elder, wife of Antoninus Pius.
* 146: Faustina the Younger, daughter of Antoninus Pius, wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus.
* 164: Lucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius and wife of Lucius Verus.
* 177: Bruttia Crispina, wife of Commodus.
* 193: Manlia Scantilla and Didia Clara, wife and daughter of Didius Julianus.

* 210s: Fulvia Plautilla, wife of Caracalla
* 220: Aquilia Severa, second and fourth wife of Elagabalus.
* 220s: Julia Avita Mamaea and Sallustia Orbiana, mother and wife of Alexander Severus.
* 238: Tranquillina, wife of Gordian III.
* 240s: Marcia Otacilia Severa, wife of Philip the Arab.
* 240: Herennia Etruscilla, wife of Trajan Decius, mother of Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian.
* 250s: Mariniana, wife of Valerian.
* c. 250: Cornelia Salonina, wife of Gallienus.
* 253: Cornelia Supra, wife of Aemilianus.
* 260: Sulpicia Dryantilla, wife of Regalianus.

* 269: Zenobia, a warrior queen who conquered the Roman-occupied Egypt, becoming the Queen of Egypt under the title of Augusta
* 274: Ulpia Severina, wife of Aurelian, possibly the only "Augusta" on her own right.
* 283: Magnia Urbica, wife of Carinus.

* 308: Galeria Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius.
* after 312: Helena of Constantinople and Constantina, mother and daughter of Constantine I.
* between 364 and 378: Albia Domnica, wife of Valens.
* before 385: Aelia Flaccilla, wife of Theodosius I.
* ca 416?: Galla Placidia, daughter of Theodosius I, wife of Constantius III, mother of Valentinian III.

* 439: Licinia Eudoxia, wife of Valentinian III

* c. 440: Justa Grata Honoria, sister of Valentinian III.
* 475: Zenonis, wife of Basiliscus


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Augusta — can mean:Augusta as a place nameAugusta, a feminine form of the name of the Roman Emperor Augustus, is also part of the original Latin names of many ancient places.In Australia*Augusta, Western Australia *Port Augusta, South Australia *Shire of… …   Wikipedia

  • Augusta (titre honorifique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Augusta. Livia, la première Augusta, en 14 Augusta est la forme féminine du titre d Auguste. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Augustus (honorific) — Augustus (plural augusti ), Latin for majestic, the increaser, or venerable , was an Ancient Roman title, which was first held by Caesar Augustus and subsequently came to be considered one of the titles of what we now call the Roman Emperors. The …   Wikipedia

  • Imperator — The Latin word Imperator was a title originally roughly equivalent to commander during the period of the Roman Republic. It later went on to become a part of the titulature of the Roman Emperors as part of their cognomen. The English word emperor …   Wikipedia

  • Византийская бюрократия — Император Василий II в триумфальном облачении, на голову которого ангелы опускают императорскую корону. Византийская империя унаследовала от Римской империи сложную систему …   Википедия

  • Imperial cult (ancient Rome) — Ancient Roman religion Marcus Aurelius (head covered) sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter …   Wikipedia

  • Livia — Julio Claudian dynasty caption=A cult statue of Livia represented as Ops, with sheaf of wheat and cornucopia, first centuryLivia Drusilla, after 14 AD called Julia Augusta (Classical Latin: LIVIA•DRVSILLA, IVLIA•AVGVSTA [Aut|E. Groag, A. Stein, L …   Wikipedia

  • Aurelian — Infobox Emperor title =Emperor of the Roman Empire name =Aurelian full name =Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (from birth to accession); Caesar Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Augustus (as emperor) title =Emperor of the Roman Empire reign =September, 270… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman deities — Ancient Roman religion Marcus Aurelius (head covered) sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Amélia of Brazil — Princess Maria Amélia Dona Maria Amélia, Princess of Brazil aro …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.