Max Steiner


Max Steiner
Max Steiner
Born Maximilian Raoul Steiner
May 10, 1888(1888-05-10)
Vienna, Austria-Hungary (now Austria)
Died December 28, 1971(1971-12-28) (aged 83)
Hollywood, California, USA
Occupation composer, arranger, conductor

Max Steiner (May 10, 1888 – December 28, 1971) was an Austrian composer of music for theatre productions and films. He later became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Trained by the great classical music composers Brahms and Mahler, he was one of the first composers who primarily wrote music for motion pictures, and as such is often referred to as "the father of film music".[1] Along with such composers as Franz Waxman, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Alfred Newman and Miklós Rózsa, Steiner played a major part in creating the tradition of writing music for films.

Steiner composed hundreds of film scores, including The Informer (1935), Now, Voyager (1942), and Since You Went Away (1944), which won him Academy Awards. He was nominated for the Academy Award a total of twenty four times. He was also the first recipient of the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, which he won for his score to Life with Father.

Steiner was one of the best-known composers in Hollywood, and is widely regarded today as one of the greatest film score composers in the history of cinema. He was a frequent collaborator with some of the most famous film directors in history, including John Ford and William Wyler. Besides his Oscar-winning scores, some of Steiner's popular works include King Kong (1933), Little Women (1933), Jezebel (1938), Casablanca (1942), and the film score for which he is possibly best known, Gone with the Wind (1939). Despite being one of the most popular film soundtracks ever written, Gone with the Wind failed to win an Oscar for him.

Contents

Early life

Max Steiner's birthplace in Vienna today, Praterstraße 72

Steiner was born as Maximilian Raoul Steiner in Austria-Hungary, in the Hotel Nordbahn (since 2008 Austria Classic Hotel Wien) on Praterstraße 72, in Vienna's Leopoldstadt.[2] Steiner later claimed that he was given, and rejected, the name Walter, but there is no evidence of this in his birth register, held at the Jewish community of Vienna.[citation needed] Later in life he purportedly discovered a half-brother named James Owen, with whom he co-wrote the song "Theme from A Summer Place". His paternal grandfather was Maximilian Steiner (1830–1880), the influential manager of Vienna's Theater an der Wien; his father was Gabor Steiner (1858–1944), Viennese impresario and carnival and exposition manager, responsible for the Ferris wheel in the Prater that would become the setting for a key scene of the film The Third Man (1949); his godfather was the composer Richard Strauss.

A child prodigy in composing, Steiner received piano instruction from Johannes Brahms and, at the age of sixteen, enrolled at the Imperial Academy of Music (now known as the University of Music and Performing Arts), where he was taught by Gustav Mahler among others. His musical aptitudes enabled him to complete the school's four-year program in only two. At the age of 16, Steiner wrote and conducted the operetta The Beautiful Greek Girl. At the start of World War I, he was working in London and was classified as an enemy alien but was befriended by the Duke of Westminster and given exit papers. He arrived in New York City in December 1914 with $32 to his name.[citation needed]

Steiner worked in New York for eleven years as a musical director, arranger, orchestrator, and conductor of Broadway operettas and musicals written by Victor Herbert, Jerome Kern, Vincent Youmans, and George Gershwin, among others. Steiner's credits include: George White's Scandals (1922), Lady, Be Good (1924), and Rosalie (1928).

In 1929, Steiner went to Hollywood to orchestrate the European film version of the Florenz Ziegfeld show Rio Rita for RKO. The score for King Kong (1933) made Steiner's reputation; it was one of the first American films to have an extensive musical score. He conducted the scores for several Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers musicals, including Top Hat (1935) and Roberta (1935).

Movie career

Steiner's first screen credit was an as orchestrator for the score of the 1930 film Dixiana. His first credit as a composer came the following year, for Cimarron. He received his first two Oscar nominations for John Ford's 1934 film The Lost Patrol, and the same year for The Gay Divorcee. He won his first Oscar the following year the Ford's The Informer. At the time, the Oscar was awarded to the head of the studio music department, not the composer, although in this case that was Steiner anyway. The first person to win the award for Best Original Score as a composer was Erich Wolfgang Korngold, who won for his work on The Adventures of Robin Hood.

Steiner scored several films produced by RKO, the final of which was Follow the Fleet. He left RKO in 1936 and soon became the musical director of Selznick International Pictures.

In April 1937, he signed a long-term contract with Warner Bros., and the same year composed the famous fanfare which introduced pictures produced by the studio, although this is no longer in use (curiously, this was never used for the studio's television productions).

In 1939, Steiner was borrowed from Warner Bros. by David O Selznick to compose the score to Gone with the Wind. He was given only three months to compose a large amount of music for the film, whilst at the same time scoring We Are Not Alone, Dark Victory and Four Wives for Warner. Gone with the Wind and Dark Victory both earned him Academy Award nominations, however, he lost to the score of The Wizard of Oz by Herbert Stothart. Along with Clark Gable, Steiner was one of the few nominees for Gone with the Wind that did not win. Many feel that Steiner deserved the award. The score was ranked by the AFI as the second greatest American film score of all time.

Steiner received his next Oscar nomination for the 1940 film The Letter, his first of several collaborations with legendary director William Wyler. A further nomination followed the next year for Sergeant York. In 1942, Steiner won his second Oscar for Now, Voyager, and was also nominated for Casablanca, which remains one of his most famous scores. He received his third and final Oscar in 1944 for Since You Went Away.

Steiner's pace slowed significantly in the mid-1950s, and he began freelancing. In 1954, RCA Victor asked Steiner to prepare and conduct an orchestral suite of music from Gone with the Wind for a special LP, which was later issued on CD.[3] There are also acetates of Steiner conducting the Warner Brothers studio orchestra in music from some of his film scores.

Steiner reunited with John Ford in 1956 to score The Searchers, widely considered the greatest western ever made. He returned to Warner-Bros in 1958 (although his contract ended in 1953) and scored several films, in addition to a rare venture into television composing a library of music for the fourth season of Hawaiian Eye.[4] He continued to score films produced by Warner until the mid sixties.[5]

Steiner's final original score was for the 1965 film Two on a Guillotine. He worked on over 300 films, sometimes as a composer, sometimes as an arranger/conductor, and often as both.

In 1963, Steiner began writing his autobiography, which, although completed, was never published, and is the source of a few biographical errors concerning this composer. A copy of the manuscript resides with the rest of the Max Steiner Collection at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah.

Plaque for Steiner at his birthplace in Praterstraße 72, Vienna

Death

Steiner died of congestive heart failure in Hollywood, aged 83. He is entombed in the Great Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.

Posthumous

  • After his death, Charles Gerhardt conducted the National Philharmonic Orchestra in an RCA Victor album of highlights from Steiner's career, titled Now Voyager. Additional selections of Steiner scores were included on other RCA classic film albums during the early 1970s. The quadraphonic recordings were later digitally remastered for Dolby surround sound and released on CD.
  • In 1995, Steiner was inducted posthumously into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. He has a star located at 1551 Vine Street on the Walk of Fame for his contribution to motion pictures.
  • In commemoration of Steiner's 100th birthday a memorial plaque was revealed by Helmut Zilk, then Mayor of Vienna, in 1988 at Steiner's birthplace, the Hotel Nordbahn (now Austria Classic Hotel Wien) in Praterstraße 72.

AFI

The American Film Institute respectively ranked Steiner's scores for Gone with the Wind (1939) and King Kong (1933) #2 and #13 on their list of the 25 greatest film scores. His scores for the following films were also nominated for the list:

Additional filmography

Notes

  1. ^ Posted by sdtom (2008-02-13). "Max Steiner " Film Music: The Neglected Art". Sdtom.wordpress.com. http://sdtom.wordpress.com/2008/02/13/max-steiner/. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  2. ^ Austria Classic Hotel Wien – a Viennese hotel with hospitality tradition since 1825
  3. ^ Soundtrack details - SoundtrackCollector.com
  4. ^ Burlingame, Jon, TV's Biggest Hits: The Story Of Television Themes From Dragnet To Friends, pp. 42-43, Schirmer Books, 1996, ISBN 0-02-870324-3
  5. ^ Max Steiner - IMDb

Susan Slade 1961 Rome Adventure 1962

External links

Multimedia links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Max Steiner — (Viena, Austria, 10 de marzo de 1888 Viena, Austria, 28 de diciembre de 1971). Compositor de música de cine. Su nombre completo era Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Max Steiner — Gedenktafel für Max Steiner zum 100. Geburtstag (Hotel Nordbahn, Praterstraße 72) Maximilian Raoul Steiner (* 10. Mai 1888 in Wien; † 28. Dezember 1971 in Beverly Hills, Kalifornien) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Steiner — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Steiner. Max Steiner Données clés Nom de naissance Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner Naissance 10 mai 1888 Vienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Max Steiner — Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner, conocido como Max Steiner (Viena, 10 de mayo de 1888 Viena, 28 de diciembre de 1971) fue un compositor austriaco de música de cine, considerado junto con Victor Young y Alfred Newman, como el padre del sinfonismo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Max Steiner (disambiguation) — Max Steiner can be: Max Steiner, Austrian American composer of music for films One of the names used by Max Hardcore, American porn star and producer This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Steiner (Familienname) — Steiner ist ein deutscher Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Etymologie:[1] Wohnstättenname, der sich aus den Wörtern Stein ‚Felsen‘ und dem Zugehörigkeits Suffix er zusammensetzt (‚der an der Felswand wohnt‘, ‚der auf dem Fels oben wohnt‘).… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steiner — is a German surname that is derived from the word Stein , meaning stone. It may refer to: *Adelbert Steiner, fictional character from the video game Final Fantasy IX *Ben Steiner (1921 1988), Major League Baseball player *Cecil C. Steiner,… …   Wikipedia

  • Max Hardcore — Surnom Randy Andy, Jesse Bush, Vince Hardcore, Reuben Hurtz Burger, Paul Little, Video Paul, Matthew Poulsen, Sam Shivnan, Sam Smythe, Max Steinber, Max Hardcore Steiner, Max Steiner, Max West Naissance 10 août 1956 Racin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Steiner — puede referirse a: Rudolf Steiner (27 de febrero de 1861 30 de marzo de 1925). Filósofo austriaco. Felix Steiner (23 de mayo de 1896 17 de mayo de 1966). Militar y político alemán, miembro de las SS. George Steiner (23 de abril de 1929). Crítico… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Max Hardcore — wearing his trademark cowboy hat Born Paul F. Little August 10, 1956 (1956 08 10) (age 55) Racine, Wisconsin, USA …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.