Flaine is the name of a
ski arealocated in the Haute Savoieregion of the French Alps, and is a part of the linked Grand Massifdomain. It is located in the territory of the communes of Maglandand Arâches. Flaine is linked to Samoëns, Morillon, Les Carrozand Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval, with 267km of pistes in total. It featured the first 8 seater high speed chairlift, called Les Grands Vans, and snow cannons to be installed in France.
An encounter between Man, Mountain and Art
The site was discovered in 1959 by the
geophysicist Eric Boissonnasand the Swissarchitect Gérard Chervaz, who went on to succeed in their bid to create a fine example of urban development, architecture and design, where short-term profitability would be second to aesthetics and care of the environment.
Eric and Sylvie Boissonnas entrusted Flaine’s design to
Marcel Breuer(1902-1981), the eminent Bauhausarchitect who's structural designs are well-known around the world. These include The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNESCO "Palais de l'Unesco"] in Paris, the Whitney Museum, [http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Atlanta_Public_Library_%28central_location%29%2C_Atlanta_%2C_Georgia The Atlanta-Fulton Central Branch Library] , Flushing MeadowsSports Park in New York, and the Bijenkorfin Rotterdam. Breuer is also know for his innovative use of materials (i.e. tubular steel) in creating his iconic furniture designs. With one of his signature pieces being the Wassily Chair.
Functionality and integration
Right from the design stage, Eric Boissonnas and Marcel Breuer were careful not to disturb the natural surroundings and integrate the resort into the receiving mountain. In other words, the general layout blends in with the environments contours, and the different levels which make up the resort can not be seen from one to the other. The result is a feeling of privacy and tranquillity.
The master plan, the ski runs designed by champion
Emile Allais, the technical network for electric cables, gondolalift stations on the same level as the ski runs, even the colour of concrete reminds the surrounding rocks, everything was inspired by the ambition to find a balance between functionality and integration.
The construction of the resort was not without difficulty. Chappis and Pradelle left after Breuer joined the team, Boissonnas fell out with the government official in charge with planning France's
winter sportsindustry and when local landowners found out that Boissonnas was a billionairethey threatened to block the building of the access road to the resort until they received adequate compensation. The result was a three year delay and huge cost overruns and lead to greater state involvement in French ski resortdevelopment. By the time the resort was opened on the 17 January 1969 it had probably cost Boissonnas around $250 million from his personal fortune at 2005 prices.
The site is divided into two areas which are joined by two free lifts. The upper area Flaine Forêt at an altitude of 1700m, consists a number of apartment buildings named after constellations; the Eric et Sylvie Boissonnas Auditorium shops, offices and restaurants. While the lower area Flaine Forum, at an altitude of 1600m, has more restaurants, shops bars and accommodation. [http://www.flaine.com/pages/plan-station-ski.php?lg=EN Map of Flaine]
Hameau de Flaine is a little higher up the road (1800m) and below the Col de Pierre Carrée (1844m). It is being constructed in a more traditional alpine style.
Flaine is about 1 hour and 15 minutes away from
Geneva airport, approximately 3 hours drive from Lyon, and 30 km from the A40 motorway (le Autoroute Blanche). It is close to resorts Les Houches, Les Contamines, large ski area Chamonixas well as the Portes du Soleilreigion - notably resorts Les Getsand Morzine. Trips to Italy via the Mont Blanc Tunnelto Courmayeurare also possible.
Bus services are available several times a day to Tanninges in the Giffre Valley (where resorts
Morillonand Samoënsare situated) where buses to Genevaand Chamonixcan be accessed. The bus service is run by Transdev Alpbusand details of the bus services from Flaine can be obtained from http://www.altibus.com/
There is skiing for most in Flaine, as the resort enjoys a particular reputation as being all rounded.
Classic runs in Flaine include Gers (Black); le Diamant Noir (black); Serpentine (blue/red); Ballacha (blue/green) and Mephisto (red). The liaisons ski runs which take you out of Flaine, take you to Samöens, Morillon and Les Carroz via the run Dolomie (blue) and to the smaller ski resort Sixt via the long, and quite flat run, Les Cascades (blue).
In Les Carroz, Morrilion, and Samőens classic runs include Marvel; a fabulously long green that goes through the forest, Sairon; a long blue with many jumps and banks on the side of the piste, Lou Darbes; a medium length blue run that is downhill all the way - an excellent run for 'bombing' down.
The predominantly north-facing runs are very reliable: package companies offering "snow guarantees" often import punters from other French resorts when their pistes have lost the amount of sufficient snow that can be safely skied on.
Interestingly, in each different grade of run (green, blue, red, & black) there is a theme in the Flaine bowl. For example most of the blue runs are named after rocks/jewels (e.g. turquoise, dolomie, crystal, emeraude), nearly all the reds are diabollically named (e.g. faust, mephisto, belzebuth, lucifer) and most black runs after stars (e.g. diamant noir, agate). This only occurs in the Flaine valley though; the other resorts' runs are named separately. However the same named to feature in the different resorts. For example "combe" which means valley in English is a popular name because of the nature many runs leading into the valleys.
Music in Flaine
Académie Internationale de Musique(Flaine International Music Academy) is held every August. Its aim is to teach music to a high level and to create some magical moments for the public by holding free concerts in the magnificent Eric et Sylvie Boissonnas Auditorium a 500-seater auditorium. ‘Musique in Flaine’ came about when a number of music teachers involved with the Bain de Musiquewanted to set up a high level academy devoted to chamber music. [http://www.flaine.com/uk-e/classical-music-courses.php Classical Music & Flaine]
Flaine is a good centre for summer walking. A walker can either take the GR96 or take a lift to the Les Grandes Patières (2480m) which gives access to the
Désert de Platéa fine and extremely extensive limestone pavement(known in French as a "lapiaz"). From there you can walk to the Refuge de Platéwhich is fully open from mid-June to mid-September. The route takes the walker past deep ravines, rocks and fissures which contain moss campion, gentiansand many other stunningly beautiful flowers [ http://www.rhone-alpes.ecologie.gouv.fr/include/publi/pdf/sc6.pdf Geological description of the Platé in French. ] .In the other direction, also on GR96, walkers can go past the Lac de Flaine, climb to the Col de Cou, down to the Col de la Frête (1347m) and then to the tiny hamlet of La Colonnaz from here there is a relatively flat broad track to Les Carroz. The whole route should take about 3 hours 30 minutes.Other walks that can be taken are to the Belvêdère d’Anjon where good views over the valley can be had. [Le Syndicat Intercommunal Etudes Aménagement Grand Massif (2006) Itinéraires de Randonnées Pédestres: Du Grand Massif. ]
Evolution and environmental issues
Flaine is situated on a
geologicalplate of rock called the "Désert de Platé" [ [http://flaine.courir74.com/ Flaine - station de ski de Flaine ] ] . This type of rock formation is extremely rugged and cracked looking. It is no surprise therefore that there an unusually large amount of crevasses and potholes in the area, which are particularly visible in summer. Due to most of them being covered by thin layers of snow, they are unseeable in the winter. This makes skiing off piste in the Flaine area fairly dangerous.
The two most popular bars for Brits in Flaine are "le Diamant Noir" and "le White Pub" - known as "the White Grouse" before being bought out by a pair of French entrepreneurs in 2004. The Diamant Noir, in the Forêt, attracts a predominantally English crowd, the bar having multiple pool tables and Champions League Football on certain nights of the week. Le White Pub also shows sporting events but these tend to be more of a
Winter Sportsstyle. The bar is mainly used by attracting package tour groups on 'benders'.
"The Flying Dutchman" is another bar in Flaine Forêt. As the name suggests, it has a particular attraction to Dutch skiers in Flaine. The bar is a popular place for skiers living in the Forêt to have a drink after skiing, as it is very close to the ski slopes. Also popular is the more upmarket "Perdrix Noir" i.e. Black Grouse - run by the husband-and-wife partnership which used to manage the White Grouse. This pub attracts a mixed crowd of French and British. The
Ski Club of Great Britainrepresentative of Flaine meets here every evening with locals and skiers.
The bowling alley bar is increasingly popular because of its late opening hours.
The crime associated with larger resorts was notable by its absence in Flaine until the turn of the 21st Century. A few years ago there had been increasing reports of burglaries, muggings and minor assaults. Nowadays crime has seemed to have declined because of Flaine promoting itself as a more 'family resort'.
* [http://www.flaine.com Flaine Website]
* [http://pistehors.com/backcountry/wiki/Haute-Savoie/Flaine-History Flaine - The Shock of the New]
* [http://www.skichaletflaine.com Ski Chalet Flaine]
* [http://www.flaine.info Independent Flaine Resort Guide]
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Flaine — 46°0′25″N 6°41′31″E / 46.00694, 6.69194 Flaine est une station de ski française située dans le département de la Haute Savoie … Wikipédia en Français
Flaine Station I — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 74300 Флен, Франция Описание: Located in Flaine, Flaine Station I offers a seasonal outdoor swimming pool and restaurant. The property i … Каталог отелей
Flaine Station II — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 74300 Флен, Франция Описание: Located in Flaine, Flaine Station II offers a seasonal outdoor swimming pool and restaurant. The property … Каталог отелей
Hôtel Le Flaine — Présentation Propriétaire Propriété privée Protection Inscrit MH (1991) Géographie … Wikipédia en Français
Appartement Flaine Forêt — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Flaine Forêt, 74300 Флен, Франция … Каталог отелей
Le Hameau de Flaine — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Le Hameau de Flaine, 74300 Флен, Франция … Каталог отелей
Hameau de Flaine II — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 74300 Флен, Франция Описание: Located in Flaine, Hameau de Flaine II offers a seasonal outdoor swimming pool and restaurant. The prop … Каталог отелей
Chalets Hameau de Flaine III — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 74300 Флен, Франция Описание: Located in Flaine, Chalets Hameau de Flaine III offers a seasonal outdoor swimming pool and re … Каталог отелей
Chalets Hameau de Flaine II — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 74300 Флен, Франция Описание: Located in Flaine, Chalets Hameau de Flaine II offers a seasonal outdoor swimming pool and rest … Каталог отелей
Chalets Hameau de Flaine I — (Флен,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 74300 Флен, Франция Описание: Located in Flaine, Chalets Hameau de Flaine I offers a seasonal outdoor swimming pool and restau … Каталог отелей