Portal:Fascism


Portal:Fascism
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The Fascism Portal

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P:FASC
The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a political ideology based primarily on nationalism. Definitions of fascism beyond that are controversial, and the term is often abused as an epithet. Also, fascism’s position in the political spectrum is disputed. Fascism originated in Europe in the aftermath of World War I in the form of Italian Fascism. Similar movements, most notably Nazism, started in other countries, taking fascism worldwide. Several of these fascist movements came to power over their respective countries, many of which joined Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany to form the Axis powers. The Allies defeated the Axis in World War II. After that defeat, fascism went underground to later resurface as neofascism.

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Adolf Hitler, writer of "Mein Kampf", in the early 1920s
Mein Kampf (English: My Struggle) is a book by Adolf Hitler (pictured). It combines elements of autobiography, an exposition of Hitler's political ideology, and a history of the early Nazi movement. Volume 1 of Mein Kampf was published in 1925 and Volume 2 in 1926. Hitler began the dictation of the book while imprisoned for the Beer Hall Putsch in November 1923. Though Hitler received many visitors earlier on, he soon devoted himself entirely to the book. Once released from prison on 20 December 1924, Hitler moved back to the picturesque mountainous climes of the Obersalzberg. While he was in power (1933–45), Mein Kampf became available in three common editions: the first, the Volksausgabe or People's Edition; the Hochzeitsausgabe, or Wedding Edition, and; the Tornister-Ausgabe. A special edition, known as the Jubiläumsausgabe, or Anniversary Issue, was published in 1939 in honor of Hitler's 50th birthday. The book could also be purchased as a two-volume set during Hitler's reign, and was available in soft cover and hardcover. Mein Kampf is known as a work of Nazi propaganda that promotes nationalism, militarism, anticommunism, and anti-Semitism, and today is censored in many countries.
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Mauthausen-Gusen
Credit: Lt. A. E. Samuelson, United States Army

Prisoners interned by the Nazis in Ebensee concentration camp, a subcamp of Mauthausen-Gusen in Ebensee, Austria, are liberated by the United States Army. The prisoners are malnourished, incredibly pale and show signs of abuse and mistreatment. The camp was reputedly used for medical experiments by Aribert Heim, known as "Doctor Death".

...Archive/Nominations

Did you know...

Steponas Kairys, first chairman of the Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania
  • ... that Lithuanians initially viewed Nazi Germany's invasion in June 1941 as a liberation from Soviet rule, but soon began to resist, forming the Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania (first chairman Steponas Kairys pictured)?
  • ... that the most successful of Nazi Germany's anti-partisan operations of the Second World War was Operation Hannover?
  • ... that Jonas Lie, Nazi Minister of the Police in Norway, died while entrenched at Skallum a few days after the Nazi capitulation of 8 May?
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    More...

Selected quote

Benito Mussolini
The Fascist accepts life and loves it, knowing nothing of and despising suicide; he rather conceives of life as duty and struggle and conquest, life which should be high and full, lived for oneself, but not above all for others -- those who are at hand and those who are far distant, contemporaries, and those who will come after.
...Archive/nominations

Things you can do

Things you can do Thank you for your interest in improving the coverage of fascism on Wikipedia!

  • For tasks you can do, visit the fascism cleanup listing, an automated list of articles needing improvement.
  • If you would like to help maintain the fascism portal, a list of tasks needing attention is maintained on its talk page.
  • You are also invited to visit WikiProject Fascism, a work group organizing the collective effort to improve fascism's coverage on Wikipedia! If you are interested in joining it, please add your details to the list of participants.

News

  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

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  • WikiProject Fascism
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    • History of Poland
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  • WikiProject Former countries
    • Italian task force
  • WikiProject Germany
    • Germanic Mysticism

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Featured articles: Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany · Albert Speer · Anne Frank · Anschluss · Axis naval activity in Australian waters · Battle of Greece · Battle of Moscow · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Bert Trautmann · Blitzkrieg · Enigma machine · Franklin D. Roosevelt · Heinrich Bär · IG Farben Building · Invasion of Poland (1939) · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Night of the Long Knives · Operation Varsity · Pope Pius XII · Rudolf Wolters · Sino-German cooperation (1911–1941) · Triumph of the Will · Walter Model

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