Portal:Battleships


Portal:Battleships
  • Wikipedia portals:
  • Culture
  • Geography
  • Health
  • History
  • Mathematics
  • Natural sciences
  • People
  • Philosophy
  • Religion
  • Society
  • Technology

The Battleships Portal

Shortcut:
P:BB

The battleship USS IOWA (BB-61) firing its Mark 7 16-inch/50-caliber guns off the starboard side during a fire power demonstration.

A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns. As they were the largest, best-armed and most heavily armored ships in a fleet, battleships were used to attain command of the sea and represented the apex of a nation's naval power from the late nineteenth century until World War II. With the rise of air power, notably aircraft carriers, battleships were no longer able to establish naval superiority, and so all have been withdrawn from active service. The related battlecruiser, a successor to the armored cruiser, shared the very large main armament, general size, and cost of a battleship of the same generation, but they traded armor or firepower for higher speed.

Battleship design evolved to incorporate and adapt technological advances to maintain an edge. The word battleship was coined around 1794 as a contraction of the phrase line-of-battle ship, the dominant wooden warship during the Age of Sail. It came into formal use in the late 1880s to describe a type of ironclad warship, but these are now referred to as "pre-dreadnoughts". In 1906, the launch of HMS Dreadnought heralded a revolution in battleship design. Later designs that were influenced by this ship were referred to as "dreadnoughts". Battlecruisers were developed around this time by the British First Sea Lord Jackie Fisher. They were envisioned as being more effective armored cruisers, able to destroy any normal cruiser while being able to outrun any ships capable of sinking them.

By 1910, so-called "super-dreadnoughts" were entering service. In the four years between Dreadnought and the first super-dreadnoughts, the Orion class, displacement had increased by 25% and weight of broadside had doubled. Many battlecruisers and battleships of all varieties served in the First World War, most notably in the Battle of Jutland. None were built between the Nelsons of the early 1920s and the Dunkerques of the early 1930s due to various treaties, but quite a few battleships were constructed shortly before or during World War II. The last, HMS Vanguard, was commissioned just after the war, in 1946.

From this time on, most battleships and all battlecruisers were decommissioned and broken up. France's Jean Bart and Turkey's Yavuz were the last to be scrapped. However, members of the American Iowa class lasted until 1992 to aid troops with fire support; four were deployed in Korea, one in Vietnam, and two to Iraq. Nine battleships exist today as museum ships; eight from the United States, and Japan's Mikasa. (more...)


Selected article

Washington steaming at high speed in Puget Sound during post-overhaul trials, 10 September 1945

The North Carolina class was a series of two fast battleships, North Carolina and Washington, built for the United States Navy in the late 1930s and early 1940s. The navy was originally uncertain whether the ships should be fast enough to counter the Japanese Kongō class, which was believed by the United States to be capable of 26 knots (30 mph; 48 km/h), or should sacrifice speed for additional firepower and armor. The Second London Naval Treaty's requirement that all capital ships have a standard displacement of under 35,000 long tons (35,560 metric tons (t)) meant that the desired objectives could not be fully realized within the treaty limits, and the navy considered over fifty designs before one was chosen. Towards the end of this lengthy design period, the General Board of the United States Navy declared that it was in favor of design "XVI-C", which called for a speed of 30 knots (35 mph; 56 km/h) and a main battery of nine 14-inch (356 mm)/50 caliber Mark B guns. The board believed that such ships could fulfill a multitude of roles, as they would have enough protection to be put into a battle line while also having enough speed to escort aircraft carriers or engage in commerce raiding. However, the acting Secretary of the Navy authorized a modified version of a different design, "XVI", which in its original form had been rejected by the General Board. This called for a 27-knot (31 mph; 50 km/h) ship with twelve 14-inch rifles in quadruple turrets and protection against guns of the same caliber. In a major departure from traditional American design practices, "XVI" accepted lower speed and protection in exchange for maximum firepower. After construction had begun, the United States, concerned over Japan's refusal to commit to the caliber limit of the Second London Naval Treaty, invoked the "escalator clause" of that pact and increased the caliber of the class' main armament; nine 16-inch (406 mm)/45 Mark 6 caliber guns replaced the twelve 14-inch guns of the original design.

Read more about the North Carolina-class battleships • Archives

Selected biography

photograph of Rodman in the service uniform of an admiral, leaning against a railing during a fleet review in 1919.

Admiral Hugh Rodman, KCB, (6 January 1859 – 7 June 1940) was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the Spanish–American War and World War I. Graduating from the United States Naval Academy in 1880, he served on the USS Yantic, Wachusett, Hartford, and Essex. After a tour at the Navy's hydrographic office and the United States Naval Observatory, he began a four year survey of the Alaskan and British Columbian coats in 1891. During the Spanish-American War, he served on USS Raleigh and fought in the Battle of Manila Bay, then returned to survey duties in 1899. From 1901 to 1904, he commanded USS Iroquois in Hawaiian waters, the transfered to the Asiatic Squadron to serve on USS New Orleans, Cincinnati, Wisconsin, and commanded USS Elcano on the Yangtze Patrol.

After attending the Naval War College and acting as Lighthouse Inspector for the 6th Naval District from 1907 to 1909, he commanded the Sangley Point Navy Yard in Cavite, USS Cleveland, Mare Island Navy Yard, USS Connecticut (then flagship of the Atlantic Fleet), and USS Delaware in 1913. After duty as Marine Superintendent of the Panama Canal in 1914, he commanded USS New York (BB-34) and served on the General Board. Promoted to flag officer in 1917, he commanded Battleship Division 9 from New York and joined the British Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow to became the 6th Battle Squadron under Admiral Beatty and operated in the North Sea. After the war, he served with the Atlantic Fleet, until took command of the Pacific Fleet in July 1919, then the 5th Naval District from 1921 to 1922, with a mission to Peru as diplomatic envoy. After serving on an administrative policy board, he retired in 1923 at age 64. He continued to serve the Navy on various missions, such as accompanying President Harding on his ill-fated inspection of Alaska and attending King George VI's coronation.

The USS Rodman (DD-456) and USS Admiral Hugh Rodman (AP-126) were named for him.

Read more about Hugh Rodman • Archives

Categories

Selected picture

USS Colorado (BB-45) steams off lower Manhattan, circa 1932. The battleship had just undergone an overhaul, including the installation of new 5"/25 caliber anti-aircraft guns. She would later provide earthquake relief at Long Beach, California, search for Amelia Earhart, and fight in World War II.
Credit: National Museum of Naval Aviation photo

USS Colorado (BB-45) steams off lower Manhattan, circa 1932. The battleship had just undergone an overhaul, including the installation of new 5"/25 caliber anti-aircraft guns. She would later provide earthquake relief at Long Beach, California, search for Amelia Earhart, and fight in World War II.

Archives

Did you know?

Selected quote

During that battle, it's interesting that you have a preponderance on each side of their preferred weapon of choice. The Americans bring much heavier gun power to the fight [9 × 16in vs. 8 × 14in guns]; the Japanese, for their part, bring much heavier torpedo firepower, and yet in this particular fight the Japanese are not able to make that advantage in torpedoes tell.

—Jonathan Parshall, naval historian regarding the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal

Archives

Related WikiProjects

  • WikiProject Military history
  • Maritime warfare task force
  • Operation Majestic Titan
  • WikiProject Ships

Quality content

Featured topics

Battlecruisers of Germany • Bayern class battleshipsIndefatigable class battlecruisersIowa class battleshipsKönig class battleshipsRivadavia class battleshipsTosa class battleshipsYamato class battleships

Featured articles

Almirante Latorre class battleshipAmagi class battlecruiserAlaska class cruiserARA MorenoARA RivadaviaArmament of the Iowa class battleshipBattle of MidwayBattle of the Eastern SolomonsBattle of the Santa Cruz IslandsBattleshipBayern class battleshipBrazilian battleship Minas GeraesChilean battleship Almirante LatorreCourageous class battlecruiserDerfflinger class battlecruiserDesign 1047 battlecruiserDreadnoughtDutch 1913 battleship proposalErnst Lindemann • Fred Moosally • HMAS Australia (1911)HMS Indefatigable (1909)HMS Lion (1910)HMS Royal Oak (08)Helgoland class battleshipIndiana class battleshipJapanese aircraft carrier KagaJapanese battleship HarunaJapanese battleship TosaJapanese battleship YamatoKaiser class battleshipKönig class battleshipMinas Geraes class battleshipMoltke class battlecruiserMontana class battleshipNassau class battleshipNaval Battle of GuadalcanalNorth Carolina class battleshipOperation Ten-GoPre-dreadnought battleshipRivadavia class battleshipRussian battleship SlavaSMS Baden (1915)SMS Bayern (1915)SMS DerfflingerSMS Erzherzog Franz FerdinandSMS Friedrich der Grosse (1911)SMS GoebenSMS Grosser Kurfürst (1913)SMS HelgolandSMS HindenburgSMS KönigSMS Kronprinz (1914)SMS LützowSMS MarkgrafSMS Moltke (1910)SMS RheinlandSMS SeydlitzSMS Von der TannSMS WestfalenSovetsky Soyuz class battleshipUSS Connecticut (BB-18)USS Illinois (BB-65)USS Indiana (BB-1)USS Iowa (BB-61)USS Iowa turret explosionUSS Kentucky (BB-66)USS Massachusetts (BB-2)USS Missouri (BB-63)USS Nevada (BB-36)USS New Jersey (BB-62)USS Wisconsin (BB-64)Yamato class battleship

Featured lists

List of battlecruisers of Germany • List of battlecruisers of Japan • List of battlecruisers of Russia • List of battlecruisers of the Royal Navy • List of battleships of Austria-Hungary • List of battleships of Germany • List of battleships of the Ottoman Empire

A-Class articles

Borodino class battlecruiserBrazilian battleship São PauloDesign A-150 battleshipDeutschland class battleshipFlorida class battleshipFusō class battleshipGerman battleship TirpitzHMS Courageous (50)HMS Hood (51)HMS New Zealand (1911)HMS Princess Royal (1911)HMS Queen MaryJapanese battleship HieiJapanese battleship KirishimaJapanese battleship KongōJapanese battleship MusashiKongō class battlecruiserLexington class battlecruiserRussian battleship RostislavRussian battleship Sevastopol (1895)SMS Deutschland (1904)SMS HannoverSMS Kaiser (1911)SMS KaiserinSMS Kurfürst Friedrich WilhelmSMS NassauSMS OstfrieslandSMS PosenTosa class battleshipUSS Hawaii (CB-3)USS Texas (BB-35)United States Naval Gunfire Support debate

Good topics

Battlecruisers of Russia • Battlecruisers of the Royal Navy • Battleships of Austria-Hungary • Battleships of Germany • Courageous class battlecruisers and aircraft carriersEkaterina II class battleshipsEvstafi class battleshipsGangut class battleshipsImperator Aleksandr II class battleshipsImperatritsa Mariya class battleshipsKongō class battlecruisers

Good articles

30.5 cm SK L/50 gun • Admiral class battlecruiser • BL 18 inch Mk I naval gun • Bismarck class battleshipBrandenburg class battleshipBraunschweig class battleshipColorado class battleshipCourbet class battleshipDelaware class battleshipDesign B-65 cruiserEkaterina II class battleshipErsatz Monarch class battleshipErsatz Yorck class battlecruiserErzherzog Karl class battleshipEvstafi class battleshipFranz von HipperFrench battleship Courbet (1911)French battleship FranceFrench battleship Iéna (1898)French battleship JauréguiberryFrench battleship Jean Bart (1911)French battleship ParisFrench battleship SuffrenG3 battlecruiserGangut class battleshipGerman battleship BismarckGerman battleship GneisenauGerman battleship ScharnhorstGreek battleship Salamis • H class battleship proposals • Habsburg class battleshipHigh Seas FleetHMS Agamemnon (1906)HMS Dreadnought (1906)HMS Eagle (1918)HMS Furious (47)HMS GloriousHMS Indomitable (1907)HMS Inflexible (1907)HMS Invincible (1907)HMS King George V (41)HMS Renown (1916)HMS Repulse (1916)HMS Tiger (1913)HMS Vanguard (23)Imperator Aleksandr II class battleshipImperatritsa Mariya class battleshipIndefatigable class battlecruiserInvincible class battlecruiserIowa class battleshipIron Duke class battleshipItalian battleship Roma (1940)Japanese aircraft carrier AkagiJapanese aircraft carrier ShinanoKaiser Friedrich III class battleshipKronshtadt class battlecruiser • L 20 α class battleship • Lion class battlecruiserLion class battleshipMackensen class battlecruiserMississippi class battleshipO-class battlecruiserOperation KitaRadetzky class battleshipReinhard ScheerRenown class battlecruiserRussian battleship Chesma (1886)Russian battleship Dvenadsat ApostolovRussian battleship Ekaterina IIRussian battleship EvstafiRussian battleship Gangut (1911)Russian battleship Georgii PobedonosetsRussian battleship Imperator Aleksandr IIRussian battleship Imperator Aleksandr IIIRussian battleship Imperator Nikolai IRussian battleship Imperator Nikolai I (1916)Russian battleship Imperatritsa Ekaterina VelikayaRussian battleship Imperatritsa MariyaRussian battleship Ioann ZlatoustRussian battleship Petropavlovsk (1911)Russian battleship Poltava (1911)Russian battleship RetvizanRussian battleship Sevastopol (1911)Russian battleship SinopRussian battleship Tri SviatiteliaScharnhorst class battleshipSMS ÁrpádSMS BabenburgSMS BrandenburgSMS BraunschweigSMS ElsassSMS Erzherzog Ferdinand MaxSMS Erzherzog FriedrichSMS Erzherzog KarlSMS HabsburgSMS HessenSMS Kaiser BarbarossaSMS Kaiser Friedrich IIISMS Kaiser Karl der GrosseSMS Kaiser Wilhelm IISMS Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseSMS LothringenSMS MecklenburgSMS PommernSMS Preussen (1903)SMS Prinz EugenSMS RadetzkySMS SchlesienSMS Schleswig-HolsteinSMS SchwabenSMS Szent IstvánSMS TegetthoffSMS Viribus UnitisSMS WeissenburgSMS WettinSMS WittelsbachSMS WörthSMS ZähringenSMS ZrínyiScuttling of the German fleet in Scapa FlowSouth Dakota class battleship (1939)Stalingrad class battlecruiserTegetthoff class battleship • United States Battleship Division Nine (World War I) • USS Massachusetts (BB-59)USS Texas (1892)USS Missouri grounding incidentWittelsbach class battleship

How can I help?

Operation Majestic Titan is the code name for a long-term Wikipedian project with two primary objectives, the first of which is to create the single largest featured topic on Wikipedia, centered around the battleships considered, planned, built, operated, canceled, or otherwise recorded. There are probably a few hundred articles of this nature which will be included, from the earliest pre-dreadnoughts to the last of the dreadnoughts. Once all articles are featured this project will reorient to ensuring that the articles remain up to standard. If you're interested, please view the project page to familiarize yourself with the guidelines, and simply pick an article to improve! There is also ongoing discussion you can participate in.

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

Battleships on Wikinews     Battleships on Wikiquote     Battleships on Wikibooks     Battleships on Wiktionary     Battleships on Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Definitions Images
Wikinews-logo.svg
Wikiquote-logo.svg
Wikibooks-logo.svg
Wiktionary-logo-en.svg
Commons-logo.svg
What are portals· List of portals · Featured portals

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Portal:American Civil War — American Civil War  …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:United States Navy — American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · Battleships · Biological warfare …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:Royal Navy — American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · Battleships · …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:Featured content — Overview · Lists · Outlines · Portals · Categories · Glossaries · Indexes Featured content in Wikipedia …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:United States Marine Corps — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:Japan — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:United States Air Force — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:United States Coast Guard — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:War — American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · Battleships · …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:World War II — American Civil War · American Revolutionary War · Battleships · …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.