- B. Munuswamy Naidu
Bollini Munuswamy Naidu Chief Minister of Madras Presidency In office
October 27, 1930 – November 4, 1932
Governor George Frederick Stanley Preceded by P. Subbarayan Succeeded by Raja of Bobbili Minister of Local Self-Government (Madras Presidency) In office
October 27, 1930 – November 4, 1932
Premier B. Munuswamy Naidu Governor George Frederick Stanley Preceded by P. Subbarayan Succeeded by Raja of Bobbili Personal details Born 1885
Chittoor district, Madras Presidency
Nationality Indian Political party Justice Party Occupation politician Profession lawyer
Bollini Munuswamy Naidu (Telugu: బొల్లిని మునుస్వామి నాయుడు) (1885 – 1935) was the Chief Minister of Madras Presidency from October 27, 1930 to November 4, 1932. He was conferred 'Diwan Bahadur' by British Government.
Munuswamy Naidu was born in Chittoor in 1885 in a family of agriculturists. He studied law and worked as a lawyer and businessman. He was one of the early members of the Justice Party. On the death of the Raja of Panagal in 1928, Munuswamy Naidu was appointed President of the Justice Party.
Munuswamy Naidu served as the President of the Justice Party from 1928 to 1932. Under his leadership, the Justice Party won the 1930 Madras Assembly elections and Munuswamy Naidu served as Chief Minister or Premier from 1930 to 1932. During Naidu's tenure, Madras was engulfed in a financial crisis arising out of the Great Depression. His tenure is also remembered for his clash with zamindars and his rivalry with the Raja of Bobbili. Naidu resigned in 1932 sensing serious opposition in party ranks. He lost the leadership of the party to the Raja of Bobbili and eventually retired from active politics. Munuswamy Naidu died in 1935. Munuswamy Naidu was a close associate of N. G. Ranga. Naidu's leadership is also remembered for his efforts to remove restrictions on Brahmins joining the party.
Munuswamy Naidu was born in 1885 in Velamjeri in Chittoor district to a Kamma Naidu family. of farmers. He was the first Chief Minister from the Justice Party with an agriculturist background.
Munuswamy Naidu had his early education at Madras Christian College and graduated in law and practised as a lawyer. He was also a moneylender, farmer and businessman and owned a mill in Chittoor district.
Rise to power
The Raja of Panagal, President of the South Indian Liberal Federation, died on December 18, 1928. Munuswamy Naidu was nominated to succeed him. Munuswamy Naidu led the Justice Party throughout its period in opposition between 1928 and 1930. He also led the party during the assembly elections held in 1930.
In the elections held in October 1930 in Madras Presidency, the Justice Party fielded 45 candidates and was in an alliance with the Ministerialists. As the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee did not participate in the elections, the Justice Party swept to power without encountering any serious opposition. The Justice Party secured an overwhelming majority in the districts of Vizagapatam, Chingleput, West Godavari, Bellary, Trichinopoly and Tinnevely. It claimed to have won nearly 70% of the total number of votes polled.
As Chief Minister of Madras Presidency
Munuswamy Naidu took office as Chief Minister on October 27, 1930 and served till November 4, 1932 Munuswamy Naidu's tenure as Chief Minister was afflicted by controversies. He assumed the Chief Ministership at a critical juncture. The Great Depression was at its height and the economy was crumbling. Moreover, the southern districts of the Presidency had been afflicted by floods. The government was, therefore, compelled to increase the land tax in order to compensate for the fall in prices.
Munuswamy Naidu's Cabinet Portfolio Minister Local Self-Government P. Munuswamy Naidu (Also Chief Minister) Development, Public Works and Registration P. T. Rajan Education, excise S. Kumaraswami Reddiar Source: Encyclopaedia of Political Parties
Soon after Munuswamy Naidu formed the government, the Justice Party was torn apart by factionalism. The Zamindars who had supported the Justice Party were disgruntled at the fact that two of the foremost landlords of the Presidency, the Raja of Bobbili and the Kumara Raja of Venkatagiri had not been included in the Cabinet. Under the leadership of M. A. Muthiah Chettiar, the disgruntled Zamindars organized a "ginger group" in November 1930.
This "ginger group" accused Munuswamy Naidu of having a soft corner for the Indian National Congress and Swarajists. Moreover, Munuswamy Naidu was also close to N. G. Ranga, the leader of the Ministerialists who were opposed to the Zamindars. Munuswamy Naidu gave his explanation
I did not provide a place in the ministry for a zamindar. I had no prejudice against any one, but in choosing my colleagues I had to be guided by the feeling in the party as a whole...The choice that I eventually made was not agreeable to the Hon. the Raja of Bobbili and some of his friends and consequently they began giving trouble in the party
When two of his ministers, P. T. Rajan and S. Kumaraswami Reddiar resigned their posts, Munuswamy Naidu began to fear a no-confidence motion. He resigned before such a motion could be brought forth. Munuswamy Naidu was succeeded by the Raja of Bobbili as Chief Minister.
End of party leadership
The Twelfth Annual Confederation of the Justice Party was held at Tanjore on October 10 and October 11, 1932. The Raja of Bobbili was chosen to preside over it. However, a facton supporting Munuswamy Naidu (then the Chief Minister) refused to allow the proceedings to continue. An eyewitness records that furniture and shoes were hurled around by members of opposing factions. However, the Raja of Bobbili prevailed and eventually assumed the leadership. This marked the end of Munuswamy Naidu's influence in the party and he gradually faded from limelight.
Later life and death
After his removal from power, Munuswamy Naidu formed a separate party with his supporters. It was called Justice Democratic Party and had the support of 20 opposition members in the legislative council. He died in 1935 and his supporters rejoined the Justice party. A road in K. K. Nagar, Chennai has been named after him as Munuswamy Salai. (The caste suffix "Naidu" was dropped when caste suffixes were dropped from names of public places).
At a tripartite conference between the Justice Party, Ministerialists and Constitutionalists in Madras in 1929 a resolution was adopted recommending the removal of restrictions on Brahmins joining the organization. The Executive Committee of the party drafted a resolution to this effect and placed it before the Eleventh Confederation of the party at Nellore, for approval. At this Confederation, Munuswamy Naidu spoke:
So long as we exclude one community, we cannot as a political speak on behalf of or claim to represent all the people of our presidency. If, as we hope, provincial autonomy is given to the provinces as a result of the reforms that may be granted, it should be essential that our Federation should be in a position to claim to be a truly representative body of all communities. What objection can there be to admit such Brahmins as are willing to subscribe to the aims and objects of our Federation? It may be that the Brahmins may not join even if the ban is removed. But surely our Federation will not thereafter be open to objection on the ground that it is an exclusive organization
However, the resolution faced strong opposition and was eventually withdrawn.
- ^ a b Narasimhan, C. (1986). Me and My Times. Radna Corporation. p. 60.
- ^ a b c Innaiah, N. (1981). Politics for Power: The Role of Caste and Factions in Andhra Pradesh, 1880-1980. Scientific Services. pp. 180.
- ^ a b c Choudary, Kotta Bhavaiah (1954). A BriefHistory of the Kammas. Scientific Services. pp. 90.
- ^ Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 249
- ^ "Some Outstanding Alumni of the College". Madras Christian College. http://www.mcc.edu.in/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=80&Itemid=155.
- ^ Rao, P. Raghunadha (1983). History of Modern Andhra. Sterling Publishers. p. 116.
- ^ Mishra, Maria (2007). Vishnu's Crowded Temple: India Since the Great Rebellion. Allan Lane. p. 137. ISBN 0713993677, ISBN 9780713993677.
- ^ a b Innaiah, N. (1981). Politics for Power: The Role of Caste and Factions in Andhra Pradesh, 1880-1980. Scientific Publishers. p. 47.
- ^ a b c d e Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 196
- ^ Anthropology Tomorrow. University of Chicago Anthropology Club. pp. 20.
- ^ Rajaraman, P. (1988). The Justice Party: A Historical Perspective, 1916-37. Poompozhil Publishers. pp. 230.
- ^ Arooran, K. Nambi (1980). Tamil Renaissance and Dravidian Nationalism, 1905-1944. Koodal. p. 175.
- ^ Innaiah, N. (2002). A Century of Politics in Andhra Pradesh: Ethnicity & Regionalism in Indian State. Rationalis Voice Publications.
- ^ "Provinces of British India". World Statesmen. http://www.worldstatesmen.org/India_BrProvinces.htm#Madras. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- ^ "List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. http://www.tn.gov.in/tnassembly/cmlist-1920.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 197
- ^ a b Rajaraman, P. (1988). The Justice Party: A Historical Perspective, 1916-37. Poompozhil Publishers. pp. 177.
- ^ Innaiah, N. (1985). Charisma in Politics: A Special Study of Andhra Pradesh Politics. V. Komala. p. 47.
- ^ Manikumar, Pg 186
- ^ a b c Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 250
- ^ Hamsapriya, A (1981). Role of the opposition in the Madras legislature 1921-1939. Madras University. pp. 85. http://dspace.vidyanidhi.org.in:8080/dspace/bitstream/2009/3327/4/MAU-1981-035-3.pdf.
- ^ Boy feared drowned
- ^ Mangalamurugesan, Nataraja Kandasamy (1979). Self-Respect Movement in Tamil Nadu, 1920–1940. Koodal Publishers. p. 101.
- ^ a b c Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 165
- ^ a b Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 164
- ^ Encyclopedia of Political Parties, Pg 166
- Ralhan, O. P. (2002). Encyclopaedia of Political Parties. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. ISBN 8174888659, ISBN 9788174888655.
- Manikumar, K. A. (2003). A Colonial Economy in the Great Depression, Madras (1929-1937). Orient Blackswan. ISBN 8125024565, ISBN 9788125024569.
Raja of Panagal
President of the South Indian Liberal Federation
Raja of Bobbili
Minister of Local Self-Government in Madras Presidency
27 October 1930– 4 November 1932
Succeeded by Preceded by
Chief Minister of Madras Presidency
27 October 1930– 4 November 1932
Raja of Bobbili
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
P. Munuswamy Naidu — was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from October 27, 1930 to November 04, 1932. [ [http://www.tn.gov.in/tnassembly/cmlist 1920.htm List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu] ] . References … Wikipedia
P. Subbarayan — Dr. Paramasiva Subbarayan Paramasiva Subbarayan in 1934 Governor of Maharashtra In office April 17, 1962 – October 6, 1962 … Wikipedia
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy — For other uses, see Periyar (disambiguation). Periyar E. V. Ramasamy Periyar E. V. Ramasamy during his early life as a merchant Born 17 September 1879(1879 09 17) Erode, Madras P … Wikipedia
P. T. Rajan — Sir Ponnambala Thiaga Rajan P. T. Rajan in 1934 Member of Madras Legislative Assembly for Cumbum In office 1952 – 1957 … Wikipedia
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam — DMK redirects here. For other uses, see DMK (disambiguation). Articles related to Dravidian politics Varied topics … Wikipedia
Jayalalithaa — In this Indian name, the name Jayaram is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Jayalalitha. J. Jayalalitha ஜெ. ஜெயலலிதா Chief … Wikipedia
List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu — The state of Tamil Nadu in India has an electorate of more than 46 million people The complete list of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu consists of the heads of government in the history of the state of Tamil Nadu in India since 1920. The area under … Wikipedia
Theagaroya Chetty — Infobox Person name = Pitti Theagaroya Chetty birth date = 1852 birth place = spouse = dead=dead death date = 1925 death place = occupation = lawyer,politicianSir Pitti Theagaroya Chetty KCSI (1852 1925) was an eminent lawyer and a prominent… … Wikipedia
Madras Presidency — Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. George, was a province of British India. At its greatest extent, Madras Presidency included much of southern India, including the present day Indian… … Wikipedia
Madras Christian College — Coordinates: 12°55′17″N 80°07′19″E / 12.921293°N 80.121971°E / 12.921293; 80.121971 … Wikipedia