Ozark


Ozark
Ozark-St. Francis National Forest
IUCN Category VI (Managed Resource Protected Area)
Map showing the location of Ozark-St. Francis National Forest
Map showing the location of Ozark-St. Francis National Forest
Location Arkansas, USA
Nearest city Russellville, AR
Coordinates 35°16′30″N 94°28′32″W / 35.275°N 94.47556°W / 35.275; -94.47556Coordinates: 35°16′30″N 94°28′32″W / 35.275°N 94.47556°W / 35.275; -94.47556
Area 1,159,801 acres (4,694 km2)
Established March 6, 1908
Governing body U.S. Forest Service

The Ozark – St. Francis National Forest is a United States National Forest that is located in the state of Arkansas. It is composed of two separate forests, Ozark National Forest and St. Francis National Forest, each with their own biological, topographical, and geological differences. Together, the two forests are home to 23 developed campgrounds, and include nine swimming areas, 395 miles (636 km) of hiking trails, and 370 miles (600 km) of streams for fishing. The majority of the trails in what are now the Ozark National Forest and St. Francis National Forest were constructed under the Works Progress Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps.

The Forest contains 11,000 acres (45 km2) of old-growth forests. The old-growth forests typically occur in the southern portion of the Forest on ridges and steep south-facing slopes and are dominated by Shortleaf Pine and various oaks, including Post Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Black Oak, White Oak, and Northern Red Oak.[1] The Forest is also home to six different endangered species.

Several National Scenic Byways cross the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest, including the Scenic 7 Byway which runs from Missouri to Louisiana, 60 miles (100 km) of which are within the Ozark National Forest. Scenic 7 Byway offers the greatest variety of Ozark topography and scenic vistas. The Ozark Highlands Byway provides access to the Mulberry River, Big Piney Creek, and Buffalo National River for fisherman and canoeists. The Mount Magazine Byway offers scenic overlooks of the Arkansas River Valley, and the Sylamore Scenic Byway offers a scenic drive to the Blanchard Springs Caverns. Forest headquarters are located in Russellville, Arkansas.

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Ozark National Forest

The Ozark National Forest encompasses 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km2)[2] primarily in the scenic Ozark Mountains in northern Arkansas. The forest contains the tallest mountain in Arkansas, Mount Magazine, and Blanchard Springs Caverns. The southern section of the forest lies along the Arkansas River Valley south to the Ouachita Mountains.

The forest was created in 1908 by proclamation of President Theodore Roosevelt. The forest is home to over 500 species of trees and woody plants. Hardwoods, predominantly oak and hickory, comprise the majority of the forest. The forest contains five designated wilderness areas and several Wildlife Management Areas.

The Ozark Highlands Trail, built and maintained by over 3,000 volunteers, is the longest hiking trail in the forest and extends for 165 miles (270 km) from the Buffalo National River to Lake Fort Smith State Park in the far western portion of the state. The forest also contains several multi-use trails including the Pedestal Rock Trail and the Alum Cove Natural Bridge Trail and a few wheelchair-accessible trails.

In addition to the hiking trails, the forest provides trails designated for horseback riding, canoeing, mountain biking, and all-terrain vehicles. The longest horse trail is the Sylamore Trail with a length of 80 miles (130 km). This trail passes over rocky bluffs, into deep hollows, and across mountain streams. The Huckleberry Mountain Horse Trail has a stop at the Sorghum Hollow Horse Camp which was built and maintained by local horsemen.

Ozark National Forest is located in parts of 16 counties. In descending order of forestland they are Newton, Pope, Johnson, Franklin, Crawford, Logan, Baxter, Stone, Madison, Yell, Van Buren, Searcy, Washington, Benton, Conway, and Marion counties. There are local ranger district offices located in Clarksville, Hector, Jasper, Mountain View, Ozark, and Paris.

St. Francis National Forest

The St. Francis National Forest was established on November 8, 1960 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It covers 22,600 acres (91 km2)[2] in eastern Arkansas along the Mississippi River, in Lee and Phillips counties, and is one of the smallest national forests in the United States. There are local ranger district offices located in Marianna. The majority of the Forest is situated on Crowley's Ridge, but it extends into the low, flat lands along the Mississippi and St. Francis Rivers. St. Francis National Forest is the only place in the National Forest System where the public can enjoy the Mississippi River from the shoreline.

While lacking the broad range of recreational activity available in other national forests, St. Francis National Forest is known for its fishing. The two largest lakes, Bear Creek Reservoir and Storm Creek Lake, enjoy large populations of Largemouth bass, Crappie, Warmouth, and Channel catfish.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ozark, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 15119 Housing Units (2000): 6955 Land area (2000): 34.244192 sq. miles (88.692046 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.243628 sq. miles (0.630993 sq. km) Total area (2000): 34.487820 sq. miles (89.323039 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ozark, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 3525 Housing Units (2000): 1607 Land area (2000): 7.170897 sq. miles (18.572536 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.038974 sq. miles (0.100941 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.209871 sq. miles (18.673477 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ozark, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 9665 Housing Units (2000): 3853 Land area (2000): 7.546117 sq. miles (19.544352 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.034727 sq. miles (0.089942 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.580844 sq. miles (19.634294 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • ozark — ozark; ozark·er; ozark·ian; …   English syllables

  • Ozark — Ozark, 1) Grafschaft im Staate Missouri (Nordamerika), ungefähr 73 QM. vom White River u. Beaver Creek durchflossen; gebirgig (Ozark Mountains), mit großen Nadelholzwaldungen; Producte: Mais, Weizen, Hafer, Rindvieh; 1850: 2294 Ew., worunter 15… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Ozark — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Ozark désigne :  États Unis : les monts Ozark ; la ville d’Ozark, dans l’Arkansas  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ozark — 1 Original name in latin Ozark Name in other language OZR, Ozark State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 31.45906 latitude 85.64049 altitude 133 Population 14907 Date 2013 05 09 2 Original name in latin Ozark Name in other language …   Cities with a population over 1000 database