The OzCar affair (also known as Utegate) refers to a 2009 controversy in Australian federal politics, revolving around allegations made by then Federal Leader of the Opposition and Liberal leader, Malcolm Turnbull, that the Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, and/or the Treasurer, Wayne Swan, had acted improperly on behalf of a Queensland car dealer who was seeking financial assistance from a government agency called OzCar, and that they had misled Parliament. Central to this claim was evidence by Treasury official Godwin Grech before a Senate inquiry in June 2009 that a Prime Ministerial adviser had emailed him asking for preferential treatment for the dealer. When the email's text became known, the Prime Minister labelled the email a forgery, and a subsequent police investigation confirmed that the email was never sent. On 4 August 2009, Grech admitted to forging the email.[1] The Auditor-General was also ordered to conduct an investigation. It found no evidence of corruption by the Prime Minister or the Treasurer or their respective offices,[2] but did make adverse findings against Godwin Grech, and highlighted numerous administrative failings in the Treasury.



In 2007 John Grant, a Brisbane businessman, donated a white 1996 Mazda Bravo utility vehicle (known in Australia as a "ute") to Rudd's campaign for use as a mobile electorate office during the 2007 federal election. Grant, a friend and neighbour of Rudd, is the proprietor of John Grant Motors in Ipswich, a provincial centre 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Brisbane.[3][4] Rudd accepted the donation and reported it on his pecuniary interests register.[5]

In February 2009, Grant made an inquiry to Bernie Ripoll, the Labor MHR for Oxley which covers Ipswich, about possibly obtaining financial assistance for his car dealership under OzCar, a proposed government funding scheme for car dealerships that had lost access to financing as a result of the global financial crisis. [6]

On 4 June 2009, Turnbull alleged that Rudd's office had contacted the Treasury in order to obtain preferential treatment for Grant. Turnbull also alleged that Swan had been acting on behalf of Grant. Rudd and Swan denied the allegations.[7] Godwin Grech, the Treasury official in charge of the OzCar scheme, also gave evidence to a Senate committee hearing that day. It was later alleged in the media that Turnbull and Senator Eric Abetz subsequently met with Grech.[8]

Senate inquiry

On 15 June 2009, during Question Time in the House of Representatives, Rudd denied that his office had ever contacted OzCar on behalf of Grant. Swan acknowledged that his office referred Grant to the department administering the program, but denied he had advocated on his behalf. [9]

The following day, Senator Eric Abetz (Liberal, Tasmania) moved that an inquiry into the OzCar scheme be conducted by the Senate Economics Legislation Committee and that, "the Committee should hear evidence from relevant bodies and individuals, including the Department of Treasury, about the operation and management of the proposed OzCar scheme." The inquiry was not initially related to investigating alleged improper dealings, but to examine the costs of the OzCar scheme and whether the parameters of the scheme's operation had changed from its original purpose.[10]

The Senate inquiry convened on 19 June 2009. Grech testified that he had a "recollection" that a member of Rudd's staff, Dr Andrew Charlton, had sent him an email in February, asking that he provide preferential treatment concerning Ozcar to Grant.

Under questioning by Abetz, Grech said: "It was certainly my understanding that the initial contact I had with respect to John Grant was from the Prime Minister's office. My recollection may well be totally false and faulty - but my recollection, big qualification - is that there was a short email from the PMO [Prime Minister's Office] to me which very simply alerted me to the case of John Grant. But I don't have the email."[11]

Abetz then read out the text of what he said was an email, which purported to ask for preferential treatment for Grant. Questioned by Abetz as to whether this was the email he recalled seeing, and whether the email he recalled seeing had come from Charlton, Grech declined to answer. [12] Grech also stated he arranged for Ford Credit to talk to Grant, in response to prompting from the Treasurer's office.[13]

Ford Credit managing director Greg Cohen also appeared before the inquiry, and stated that Grech provided him with Grant's mobile phone number during a meeting in February 2009. The day after this meeting Ford Credit contacted Grant by phone. Cohen was not provided with phone numbers of any other dealers, and stated that Grant was the only dealer "substantially discussed". Cohen also stated that Ford Credit would not normally look after Kia dealers such as Grant. [14]

Corruption allegations

After the hearing on 19 June, Turnbull accused Rudd of corrupt conduct and lying to Parliament, since Rudd had previously denied in Parliament doing any favours for Grant. Turnbull stated, "The Prime Minister and the Treasurer have used their offices and taxpayers' resources to seek advantage for one of their mates and then lied about it to the Parliament". [15]

The text of the email mentioned by Grech was widely published in Australian newspapers on 20 June 2009.[16]

Hi Godwin, the PM has asked if the car dealer financing vehicle is available to assist a Queenslander dealership, John Grant Motors, who seems to be having trouble getting finance. If you can follow up on this asap that would be very useful. Happy to discuss. A.

—Forged email that was purportedly sent by Prime Ministerial Advisor Andrew Charlton 19 Feb 2009, [16]

Also on 20 June, Charlton denied ever having sent Grech an email about Grant. Rudd instructed the Auditor-General, Ian McPhee, to investigate the allegations, as well as instructing the Australian Federal Police to launch an investigation.[17] Rudd repeated his denial of intervening on behalf of Grant and insisted the email mentioned by Grech did not exist. Rudd also demanded Turnbull's resignation, accusing him of using falsified evidence.[18] Swan stated that although he had passed Grant's details on to Treasury, he had done the same for numerous other car dealerships, and that Grant did not receive special treatment. [19]

Discovery of email

On 22 June the majority of Question Time in the House of Representatives was devoted to the "OzCar affair." At the same time, Australian Federal Police raided Grech's home and found the original email. Forensic examination revealed the email was a forgery, and that it had originated within the Treasury Department and not the Prime Minister's office.[20] Mr Grech, in his response to the Auditor-General's report, indicated that he had been advised by a senior Treasury officer that an IT system failure in Treasury had meant that searches for emails received by Treasury on 19 February 2009 were not likely to be successful.[21] Previous searches for emails about OzCar conducted by Treasury also failed to discover the fake email created by Mr Grech, or any record of the fake email being sent to Mr Grech's home account. This is despite the use in all Government agencies of highly secure firewalls and gateways, certified as 'fit for purpose' by the Defence Signals Directorate that log all inbound and outbound traffic, and the extensive backups and fallback systems used in Treasury, particularly prior to the delivery of the annual Budget.[22]

It remained unclear whether Grech was under suspicion of forging the email himself, or whether he had been the innocent victim of a forgery "scam" designed to incriminate Rudd. Rudd repeated his demand that Turnbull apologise and resign, a demand which Turnbull resisted.[23]

On the evening of 22 June Swan released 22 emails, intended to demonstrate that the treatment received by Grant was not substantially different to the treatment received by other car dealers. [24]

On 23 June, Turnbull admitted that there was no substance to his allegations against Rudd, but insisted he (Turnbull) had conducted himself in an appropriate manner. Turnbull also maintained that the allegations against Swan had yet to be resolved.[25]

On 4 August 2009, Godwin Grech admitted that he had forged the email. He claimed that he believed a real email with similar content had been sent from Prime Minister Rudd's office, however conceded that this had not actually been found.[1]

Political impact

The week after the events in Parliament, several opinion polls appeared simultaneously, all showing a drop in Malcolm Turnbull's approval rating, and a rise in Kevin Rudd's approval rating. According to Newspoll, published in The Australian, Turnbull's approval rating suffered the single biggest fall in the survey's 25-year history, while Rudd's preferred rating increased from 57 to 65 per cent. A Galaxy poll in News Limited newspapers also showed Turnbull's support falling.

Commentators attributed these poll results to the OzCar affair. "Malcolm Turnbull's darkest hours as Opposition Leader is upon him with a new poll showing his standing has been dealt a hammer blow by the OzCar affair," wrote Phillip Coorey, chief political correspondent of the Sydney Morning Herald.[26] "The Coalition and Malcolm Turnbull have received a devastating blow from the OzCar affair," said Michelle Grattan in The Age.[27]

The polls also asked specific questions about the OzCar affair. According to Newspoll, voters, by a ratio of two to one, did not believe that Grant had received preferential treatment. 52 per cent said they did not believe Turnbull's claims, while only 24 per cent said they thought they were true. Newspoll also showed a large drop in the number of voters who thought Turnbull trustworthy, and an increase in those who thought him arrogant.[28][29]

Adverse findings in Auditor-General's report

The Auditor-General cleared the Prime Minister and Treasurer of any wrong doing, but made a range of adverse finding about Godwin Grech and Treasury.[30]

Godwin Grech

In relation to Godwin Grech, the Auditor-General found that his inquiry into the implementation of the OzCar scheme "raised serious questions as to whether the Code of Conduct has been breached by Mr Grech." Allegations made in the report against Grech included improper use of confidential information, inappropriate email communications and interactions, and preferential treatment to one applicant based on Grech's belief that they were a supporter of and donor to the Liberal Party.[31]


In relation to Treasury, the Auditor-General found that:

  • it did not develop any contingency arrangements for how to address the identified wholesale car finance market failure if there was a substantial delay in OzCar
  • it did not maintain accurate records
  • certain representations by dealers were treated differently to other dealers
  • during the procurement processes used for OzCar, Treasury did not record the circumstances that led to the decision to direct source of certain supplies
  • it did not make records about as to how the parties that were direct-sourced were identified as being the only party to be approached
  • it agreed to various engagements before it had obtained a quote or estimate from the contractor and this seriously weakened the Commonwealth’s negotiating position and provided little comfort that the Commonwealth was receiving value for money in agreeing to the contractual arrangements
  • once a quote or estimate was obtained, Treasury did not document the basis on which it was satisfied that the engagement terms represented value for money
  • it gave insufficient priority to documenting the engagement terms, resulting in extended delays in contracts being prepared and signed, and
  • it did not promote accountability and transparency for these procurements, with only one of the procurements published on AusTender.


A Senate committee, which reported in November 2009, cleared Grech of charges of contempt, but its report contained the text of hundreds of emails between Grech and third parties, and suggested Grech had been critical in briefing Steve Lewis of the Daily Telegraph about the allegations, and had extensive communication with Liberal Party figures including Turnbull himself.[32][33]

Turnbull's leader rankings never recovered from the affair in the opinion polls, and on 1 December 2009, he was defeated in a party-room ballot by Tony Abbott as leader of the Liberal Party.[34]

See also

  • List of scandals with "-gate" suffix


  1. ^ a b "Grech 'wrote fake email'". The Age (Melbourne). 4 August 2009. http://www.theage.com.au/national/grech-wrote-fake-email-20090804-e7fm.html. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Schubert, Misha (4 August 2009). "Rudd, Swan cleared over OzCar affair". The Age (Melbourne). http://www.theage.com.au/national/rudd-swan-cleared-over-ozcar-affair-20090804-e7s6.html. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  3. ^ Drape, Julian; Brinsden, Colin (19 June 2009). "Rudd continues to deny Grant allegations". AAP. http://news.ninemsn.com.au/national/827452/rudd-continues-to-deny-grant-allegations. Retrieved 24 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Lewis, Steve (20 June 2009). "Kevin Rudd calls for Utegate inquiry over John Grant claims". Daily Telegraph (Sydney). http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/kevin-rudd-calls-for-utegate-inquiry-over-john-grant-claims/story-e6freuy9-1225737983166. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Stephen; Gray, Steve (5 June 2009). "Rudd did me no favours, says car dealer". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/rudd-did-me-no-favours-says-car-dealer-20090605-by2p.html. Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  6. ^ "Car Dealer Financing: Establishment Of A Special Purpose Vehicle (Media Release)". Treasurer of the Commonwealth of Australia. 5 December 2008. http://www.treasurer.gov.au/DisplayDocs.aspx?doc=pressreleases/2008/136.htm&pageID=003&min=wms&Year=2008&DocType=0. Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  7. ^ Rodgers, Emma (21 June 2009). "OzCar scandal: controversy explained". ABC Online. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/21/2604029.htm. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  8. ^ Brissenden, Michael (25 June 2009). "Turnbull's links to Grech questioned". 7.30 Report (ABC Online). http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2009/s2608884.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  9. ^ Sharp, Ari (16 June 2009). "Senate inquiry to probe Rudd's free ute deal". The Age (Melbourne). http://www.theage.com.au/national/senate-inquiry-to-probe-rudds-free-ute-deal-20090615-card.html. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  10. ^ Parliamentary Debates, Australian Senate, 16 June 2009, page 3333.
  11. ^ Rodgers, Emma (19 June 2009). "PM stands by OzCar denial". ABC Online. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/19/2603474.htm. Retrieved 5 August 2009. 
  12. ^ Rodgers, Emma (19 June 2009). "Rudd linked to OzCar lobbying". ABC Online. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/19/2603260.htm. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  13. ^ Lewis, Steve (20 June 2009). "Rudd, Swan, a mate John Grant and alleged favours". Daily Telegraph (Sydney). http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/rudd-swan-a-mate-john-grant-and-alleged-favours/story-e6freuy9-1225737682229. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  14. ^ "Swan's office 'lobbied on behalf of Rudd mate'". Herald Sun (Melbourne). 19 June 2009. http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,25659602-5005961,00.html. Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  15. ^ Griffiths, Emma (20 June 2009). "PM refers OzCar allegations to inquiry". AM (ABC Radio). http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2009/s2603723.htm. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  16. ^ a b Colgan, Paul (22 June 2009). "Utegate explained: This is not just about an email or a ute". Punch/News Limited. http://www.thepunch.com.au/articles/utegate-explained-its-not-just-about-an-email/. Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  17. ^ "AFP will investigate 'fake email:' Rudd". The Age. 20 June 2009. http://news.theage.com.au/breaking-news-national/afp-will-investigate-fake-email-rudd-20090620-cria.html. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  18. ^ "Rudd to Turnbull: Prove it or resign". ABC Online. 21 June 2009. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/21/2603986.htm. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  19. ^ Rodgers, Emma (21 June 2009). "OzCar scandal: controversy explained". ABC Online. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/21/2604029.htm. Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  20. ^ Franklin, Matthew (23 June 2009). "Air let out of Malcolm Turnbull's balloon". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25674759-5013871,00.html. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  21. ^ Australian National Audit Office (4 August 2009). Representations to the Department of the Treasury in Relation to Motor Dealer Financing Assistance. ISBN 0-642-81083-4. http://anao.gov.au/uploads/documents/2009-2010_Audit_Report_1.pdf. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  22. ^ Department of Finance and Deregulation (23 November 2009). "Fedlink (secure communications between agencies)". http://www.finance.gov.au/e-government/infrastructure/fedlink/index.html. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  23. ^ "It's time to go, Rudd tells Turnbull". ABC Online. 22 June 2009. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/06/22/2605368.htm. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  24. ^ Sharp, Ari (22 June 2009). "Emails fly as Swan fights back". The Age (Melbourne). http://www.theage.com.au/national/emails-fly-as-swan-fights-back-20090622-cu02.html. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  25. ^ "Utegate: Turnbull admits there's no case against Rudd". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 June 2009. http://www.smh.com.au/national/utegate-turnbull-admits-theres-no-case-against-rudd-20090623-cucx.html. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  26. ^ Coorey, Phillip (29 June 2009). "Turnbull hammered by voters". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/national/turnbull-hammered-by-voters-20090628-d1at.html. Retrieved 23 March 2009. 
  27. ^ Grattan, Michelle (29 June 2009). "Support for Turnbull plunges". The Age (Melbourne). http://www.theage.com.au/national/support-for-turnbull-plunges-20090628-d19z.html. Retrieved 23 March 2009. 
  28. ^ "Personality traits of Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition & OzCar Poll". Newspoll. 29 June 2009. http://newspoll.com.au/image_uploads/0607%20Personalities%20&%20Ozcar.pdf. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  29. ^ "Federal voting intention and leaders’ ratings". Newspoll. 29 June 2009. http://newspoll.com.au/image_uploads/0607%20Fed.pdf. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  30. ^ Saulwick, Jacob (4 August 2009). "Rudd, Swan cleared over OzCar scandal". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/national/rudd-swan-cleared-over-ozcar-scandal-20090804-e7tk.html. Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  31. ^ ANAO report (4 August 2009). Refer particularly pp16–17, 41 and 55, and Grech's response to the allegations on pp.90–94.
  32. ^ Murphy, Katharine (26 November 2009). "Godwin Grech cleared of contempt charge". The Age (Melbourne). http://www.theage.com.au/national/godwin-grech-cleared-of-contempt-charge-20091125-jrtn.html. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  33. ^ Saulwick, Jacob (26 November 2009). "Grech's torrent of gushing advice to Turnbull". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/national/grechs-torrent-of-gushing-advice-to-turnbull-20091125-jrwi.html. Retrieved 23 March 2009. 
  34. ^ Shanahan, Dennis (7 December 2009). "Liberal leadership gamble on Tony Abbott pays off in polls". The Australian. http://www.news.com.au/national/liberal-leadership-gamble-on-tony-abbott-pays-off-in-polls/story-e6frfkvr-1225807565120. Retrieved 23 March 2009. 

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