Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov


Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov

Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov (Russian: Владимир Дмитриевич Набоков) (15 July 187028 March 1922) was a Russian criminologist, journalist, and liberal politician. He was the father of Russian-American writer Vladimir Nabokov.

Life

Nabokov was born in Tsarskoe Selo, into a wealthy and aristocratic family. His father Dmitry Nabokov (1827–1904) was a Justice Minister in the reign of Alexander II from 1878 to 1885, and his mother Maria von Korff (1842–1926) was a Baroness from a prominent Baltic German family in Courland.

He studied criminal law at the University of St. Petersburg and taught criminology at the Imperial School of Jurisprudence.

V. D. Nabokov married Elena Ivanovna Rukavishnikova in 1897, with whom he had five children (Their eldest son was the major 20th century author Vladimir Nabokov, who portrayed his father in his memoirs ("Speak, Memory", 1967); also including in his novel "Pale Fire" an assassination scene that paralleled the death of his father. Other children were Sergey (1900– 1945), Olga (1903–1978), Kirill (1911–1964) and Elena (1906–2000).

Career

From 1904 until 1917 he was the editor of the liberal newspaper "Rech" ("The Speech").

A prominent member of the Constitutional Democratic Party (the "Kadets"), Nabokov was elected to Russia's parliament, the First Duma. In 1917, after the February Revolution, Nabokov helped draft the document for Grand Duke Michael's refusal of the throne. Nabokov was made secretary to the Provisional Government. However he was forced to leave St. Petersburg in December 1917 after the Provisional Government was overthrown by the Bolshevik revolution. In 1918 he served as minister of justice in the regional government of Crimea, where he and his family had taken refuge. In 1919 the Nabokovs fled to England and later settled in Berlin.

From 1920 until his death, Nabokov was the editor of the Russian émigré newspaper "Rul" ("The Rudder"), which continued to advocate a pro-Western democratic government in Russia.

Death

V. D. Nabokov attended a CD political conference in Berlin on 28 March 1922, attending when a Russian monarchist approached the stage singing the Tsarist National anthem and opened fire, at the politician and publisher Pavel Miliukov. In response Nabokov jumped off the stage and wrestled the gunman down to the floor. Another assassin came out and shot him twice; he died instantly. One of the assassins was none other than Piotr Shabelsky-Bork, prominent conspiracy theorist and promoter of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Shabelsky-Bork was subsequently convicted of the murder and received a sentence of fourteen years imprisonment, but only served a short period before being released – the judicial system of Germany being more lenient to right wing criminals than their leftist equivalents. Upon his release, Shabelsy-Bork befriended Alfred Rosenberg, the notorious Nazi ideologue. Nabokov's demise was an ironic death for a lifelong democrat: he died defending one of his political opponents. Although the assassins failed even to wound their intended target, they were pleased to learn that they had killed a prominent supporter of the Provisional Government. Nabokov is buried at the Russian-Orthodox Cemetery in Berlin-Tegel.

Literature

Brian Boyd: "Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years"

External links

* [http://dezimmer.net/NabokovFamilyWeb/nfw01/nfw01_003.htm Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov] at Dieter E. Zimmer's Nabokov Family Web


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nabokov — may refer to: Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (1899–1977), Russian American author, entomologist, and chess problem composer Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov (1870–1922), Russian criminologist, journalist, and liberal politician, and father of… …   Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Nabokov — This article is about the novelist. For his father, the politician, see Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov. This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Vladimirovich and the family name is Nabokov. Vladimir Nabokov Nabokov in 1969 …   Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Nabokov — Escultura de Vladímir Nabokov en Montreux, Suiza. Vladimir Nabokov, cuyo nombre completo en ruso era Vladímir Vladímirovich Nabókov (Владимир Владимирович Набоков, [vlʌˈdʲimʲɪr vlʌˈdʲimʲɪrəvʲɪʧ nʌ bokəf]) ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adolfovitch Landau — (en russe : Адольфович Ландау) (1877 1941) est un philosophe et critique de l émigration russe à Berlin. Il appartient à la rédaction de Roul, dans lequel il consacre un article à Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov (en) (le père de Vladimir… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roul — Date de fondation 1920 Date du dernier numéro 1931 Éditeur Berlin Roul (en russe : Руль, Le Gouvernail) est un journal de l émigration russe, fondé à Berlin en 1920 par Iossif Vladimirovitch Hessen  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bachmann (short story) — Bachmann is a short story written in Russian by Vladimir Nabokov under his nom de plume V. Sirin in Berlin in 1924. It was first published in Rul, a Russian émigré paper founded by his father, Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, and later included in a …   Wikipedia

  • George Mikhailovich, Count Brasov — George Mikhailovich Count Brasov Father Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia Mother Natalia Brasova Born 6 August 1910(1910 08 06) Moscow, Russian Empire Died 21 July 1931(1931 …   Wikipedia

  • Natalia Brasova — Countess Brasova World War I postcard of Brasova. The caption states that she established military hospitals in Gatchina, Lvov and Kiev with her own money. Spouse (1) Sergei Mamont …   Wikipedia

  • Pavel Milyukov — Pavel Nikolayevich Milyukov (Cyrillic: Павел Николаевич Милюков) (15 January, 1859 31 March, 1943), a Russian politician, was the founder, leader, and the most prominent member of the Constitutional Democratic party (known as the Kadets). His… …   Wikipedia

  • July 15 — Events*1099 First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege. *1207 John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.… …   Wikipedia