Outline of Sierra Leone

Outline of Sierra Leone
The location of Sierra Leone
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Sierra Leone

The Republic of Sierra Leone is a sovereign country located in West Africa.[1] Sierra Leone is bordered by Guinea in the northeast, Liberia in the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest. Sierra Leone covers a total area of 71,740 km² (27,699 sq mi)[2] and has a population of 5,900,000. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests.[3] Freetown is the capital, seat of government, and largest city.[2] Other major cities in the country with a population over 100,000 are Bo, Kenema, Koidu Town and Makeni. Although English is the official language spoken at schools and government administration, Krio (language derived from English and several West African languages and is native to the Sierra Leone Krio people) is the lingua franca spoken throughout the country. The Krio language unites all the different ethnic groups, especially in their trade and interaction with each other.

Early inhabitants of Sierra Leone included the Sherbro, Temne and Limba peoples, and later the Mende,[4] who knew the country as Romarong, and the Kono who settled in the East of the country.[5] In 1462, it was visited by the Portuguese explorer Pedro da Cintra, who gave it its name Serra de Leão, meaning 'Lion Mountains'.[6] Sierra Leone became an important centre of the transatlantic slave trade, until 1787 when Freetown was founded by the Sierra Leone Company as a home for formerly enslaved African and West Indians.[7] In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown Colony, and in 1896, the interior of the country became a British Protectorate;[5] in 1961, the two combined and gained independence. Over two decades of government neglect of the interior followed by the spilling over of the Liberian conflict into its borders eventually led to the Sierra Leone Civil War,[8] which began in 1991 and was resolved in 2000 after the United Nations led by Nigeria defeated the rebel forces and restored the civilian government elected in 1998 to Freetown. Since then, almost 72,500 former combatants have been disarmed[9] and the country has reestablished a functioning democracy.[1] The Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up in 2002 to deal with war crimes and crimes against humanity committed since 1996.[10]

Sierra Leone is the lowest ranked country on the Human Development Index and seventh lowest on the Human Poverty Index,[11] suffering from endemic corruption[12] and suppression of the press.[13]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sierra Leone:

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Sierra Leone

Geography of Sierra Leone

An enlargeable topographic map of Sierra Leone
  • Sierra Leone is: a country
  • Population of Sierra Leone: 6,294,774 (July 2008 est.)
  • Area of Sierra Leone:71,740 km²
    • land: 71,620 km²
    • water: 120 km²
  • Atlas of Sierra Leone


 Guinea 652 km
 Liberia 306 km
  • Coastline: North Atlantic Ocean 402 km

Environment of Sierra Leone

An enlargeable satellite image of Sierra Leone

Natural geographic features of Sierra Leone

  • Glaciers in Sierra Leone: none [14]
  • Islands of Sierra Leone
  • Lakes of Sierra Leone
  • Mountains of Sierra Leone
    • Volcanoes in Sierra Leone
  • Rivers of Sierra Leone
    • Waterfalls of Sierra Leone
  • Valleys of Sierra Leone
  • World Heritage Sites in Sierra Leone: None

Regions of Sierra Leone

Ecoregions of Sierra Leone

Administrative divisions of Sierra Leone

Provinces of Sierra Leone
Districts of Sierra Leone
Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone

Demography of Sierra Leone

Government and politics of Sierra Leone

Main article: Government of Sierra Leone and Politics of Sierra Leone

Branches of the government of Sierra Leone

Executive branch of the government of Sierra Leone

Legislative branch of the government of Sierra Leone

Judicial branch of the government of Sierra Leone

  • Supreme Court of Sierra Leone

Foreign relations of Sierra Leone

International organization membership

The Republic of Sierra Leone is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Sierra Leone

  • Capital punishment in Sierra Leone
  • Constitution of Sierra Leone
  • Crime in Sierra Leone
  • Human rights in Sierra Leone
    • LGBT rights in Sierra Leone
    • Freedom of religion in Sierra Leone
  • Law enforcement in Sierra Leone

Military of Sierra Leone

  • Command
  • Forces
    • Army of Sierra Leone
    • Navy of Sierra Leone
    • Air Force of Sierra Leone
    • Special forces of Sierra Leone
  • Military history of Sierra Leone
  • Military ranks of Sierra Leone

Local government in Sierra Leone

History of Sierra Leone

Main article: History of Sierra Leone, Timeline of the history of Sierra Leone, and Current events of Sierra Leone
  • Economic history of Sierra Leone
  • Military history of Sierra Leone

Culture of Sierra Leone

Art in Sierra Leone

  • Art in Sierra Leone
  • Cinema of Sierra Leone
  • Literature of Sierra Leone
  • Music of Sierra Leone
  • Television in Sierra Leone
  • Theatre in Sierra Leone

Sports in Sierra Leone

Economy and infrastructure of Sierra Leone

Education in Sierra Leone

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Sierra Leone". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Encarta Encyclopedia. "Sierra Leone". http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761563681/Sierra_Leone.html. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  3. ^ The World Guide. "Sierra Leone Geography". http://sbs.com.au/theworldnews/Worldguide/index.php3?country=178&header=3. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  4. ^ Kup (1961), p. 116
  5. ^ a b Classic Encyclopedia. "Sierra Leone". http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Sierra_Leone. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  6. ^ Room (1995), p. 346-7
  7. ^ History World. "History of Sierra Leone". http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ad45. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  8. ^ Sillinger (2003), p. 104
  9. ^ Keen (2005), p. 268
  10. ^ The Special Court for Sierra Leone. "About the Special Court for Sierra Leone". Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. http://web.archive.org/web/20071215015126/http://www.sc-sl.org/about.html. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  11. ^ Human Development Reports. "Sierra Leone — The Human Development Index". http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_SLE.html. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  12. ^ David Tam-Baryoh, Worldpress.org. "Corruption in Sierra Leone". http://www.worldpress.org/Africa/352.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  13. ^ Reporters without Borders. "Media body curbs press freedom". http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=3775. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  14. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Sierra Leone

Government and Diplomacy
Tourism and Travel
Economy and Business
News Media and Discussion
Other Resources

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