Outline of Poland

Outline of Poland
The location of Poland
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Poland

The Republic of Poland is a sovereign country located in Central Europe.[1] Poland is bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 km² (120,728 sq mi),[2] making it the 69th largest country in the world and 9th in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38.5 million people, which makes it the 33rd most populous country in the world.[3]

The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966 (see Baptism of Poland), when the state covered territory similar to that of present-day Poland. Poland became a kingdom in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by uniting to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth collapsed in 1795, and its territory was partitioned among Prussia, Russia, and Austria. Poland regained its independence in 1918 after World War I but lost it again in World War II, occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Poland lost over six million citizens in World War II, and emerged several years later as a socialist republic within the Eastern Bloc under strong Soviet influence. In 1989 communist rule was overthrown and Poland became what is constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic". Poland is a unitary state made up of sixteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). Poland is also a member of the European Union, NATO and OECD.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Poland.

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Poland

Geography of Poland

An enlargeable topographic map of Poland
 Czech Republic 796 km
 Slovakia 541 km
 Ukraine 535 km
 Germany 467 km
 Belarus 418 km
 Russia 210 km
 Lithuania 104 km

Environment of Poland

An enlargeable satellite image of Poland

Natural geographic features of Poland

Regions of Poland

Ecoregions of Poland

Administrative divisions of Poland

Division of Poland into voivodeships and powiats
Provinces of Poland
  • Districts of Poland
Municipalities of Poland
  • Capital of Poland: Warsaw
  • Cities of Poland

Demography of Poland

Government and politics of Poland

Branches of the government of Poland

Executive branch of the government of Poland

  • Head of state: President of Poland,
  • Head of government: Prime Minister of Poland,
  • Cabinet of Poland

Legislative branch of the government of Poland

Judicial branch of the government of Poland

  • Supreme Court of Poland

Foreign relations of Poland

International organization membership

The Republic of Poland is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Poland

Military of Poland

  • Command
  • Forces
    • Army of Poland
    • Navy of Poland
    • Air Force of Poland
    • Special forces of Poland
  • Military history of Poland
  • Military ranks of Poland

Local government in Poland

History of Poland

Main articles: History of Poland, Timeline of the history of Poland, and Current events of Poland
  • Economic history of Poland
  • Military history of Poland

Culture of Poland

Art in Poland

Sports in Poland

Economy and infrastructure of Poland

  • Poland Stock Exchange

Education in Poland

Infrastructure of Poland

  • Health care in Poland
  • Water supply and sanitation in Poland

Transportation in Poland

Health in Poland

See also


  1. ^ a b "Poland". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Central Statistical Office of Poland (2007). "Mały Rocznik Statystyczny 2007". http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_737_PLK_HTML.htm. Retrieved 15 August 2007. 
  3. ^ NationMaster.com 2003-2007, Poland, Facts and figures

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Poland


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