Outline of Iceland

Outline of Iceland
The location of Iceland
An enlargeable topographic map of the Republic of Iceland

The Republic of Iceland is a sovereign island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean between continental Europe and Greenland.[1] Iceland comprises the Island of Iceland and adjacent islands on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, and is considered a part of Northern Europe. It is the least populous of the Nordic countries and the second least extensive. Iceland has a population of about 319,000 (April 1, 2009 estimate) and a total area of 103,000 square kilometres (40,000 sq mi). The capital and most populous city of Iceland is Reykjavík.

Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale; this defines the landscape in various ways. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Warmed by the Gulf Stream, Iceland has a temperate climate relative to its latitude and provides a habitable environment and nature.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iceland:

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Iceland

Geography of Iceland

An enlargeable topographic map of Iceland
An enlargeable satellite image of Iceland

Environment of Iceland

Jökulsárlón, a glacial lake in Iceland
Katla eruption, 1918
Herðubreið, a tuya volcano in the interior of Iceland, viewed from the southeast.
Dettifoss, in northern Iceland

Geographic features of Iceland

Regions of Iceland

Main article: Regions of Iceland
The regions of Iceland.
Nr. landsvæði (English) Population
ISO 3166
1 Höfuðborgarsvæði Capital Region 198 782 1 062 167.61 IS-1
2 Suðurnes (formerly Reykjanes) Southern Peninsula 21 000 829 20.18 IS-2
3 Vesturland West 15 558 9 554 1.51 IS-3
4 Vestfirðir Westfjords 7 279 9 409 0.85 IS-4
5 Norðurland vestra Northwest 7353 12 737 0.73 IS-5
6 Norðurland eystra Northeast 28 854 21 968 1.21 IS-6
7 Austurland East 13 719 22 721 0.52 IS-7
8 Suðurland South 23 713 24 526 0.87 IS-8
  Ísland Iceland 316 252 102 928 3.1

Region codes

Administrative divisions of Iceland

Main article: Administrative divisions of Iceland
Constituencies of Iceland

Iceland is divided into 6 constituencies for the purpose of selecting representatives to the Alþingi (parliament):

  • Reykjavík North (11)
  • Reykjavík South (11)
  • Northwest (9)
  • Northeast (10)
  • South (10)
  • Southwest (12)
Municipalities of Iceland
A panorama of Selfoss

Demography of Iceland

Main article: Demographics of Iceland

Government and politics of Iceland

Reykjavik as seen from the Hallgrímskirkja tower.
Main article: Government of Iceland and Politics of Iceland

Branches of the government of Iceland

Executive branch of the government of Iceland

Legislative branch of the government of Iceland

  • Parliament of Iceland
    • List of standing committees of the Icelandic parliament
    • List of Speakers of the Althing (Iceland)

Judicial branch of the government of Iceland

Foreign relations of Iceland

International organization membership

The Republic of Iceland is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Iceland

Main article: Law of Iceland

Military of Iceland

Icelandic Coast Guard helicopter
Main article: Military of Iceland

History of Iceland

Main article: History of Iceland and Timeline of Icelandic history

By period

By subject

Culture of Iceland

The National Day procession in Reykjavík June 17, 2007.
Main article: Culture of Iceland and Icelanders

Art in Iceland

Language in Iceland

Religion in Iceland

Sport in Iceland

Main article: Sport in Iceland



  • Iceland national baseball team




Ice hockey

  • Ice Hockey Iceland
  • Icelandic Hockey League
  • Icelandic national ice hockey team
  • Iceland women's national ice hockey team


Sports personalities

Eiður Smári Guðjohnsen - Heiðar Helguson, professional footballer, currently at Fulham - Hermann Hreiðarsson - Jón Páll Sigmarsson - Magnús Ver Magnússon

Economy and infrastructure of Iceland

1, 10, 50 and 100 krónur
The Ring Road of Iceland and some towns it passes through: 1.Reykjavík, 2.Borgarnes, 3.Blönduós, 4.Akureyri, 5.Egilsstaðir, 6.Höfn, 7.Selfoss
Main article: Economy of Iceland

Education in Iceland

Main article: Education in Iceland

See also


External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Iceland

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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