Outline of Bulgaria

Outline of Bulgaria
The location of Bulgaria
An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Bulgaria

The Republic of Bulgaria is the latest incarnation of one of the oldest sovereign states in Europe.[1][2] Bulgaria is located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe, bordering five other countries: Romania to the north (mostly along the Danube), Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Greece and Turkey to the south. The Black Sea defines the extent of the country to the east.

Bulgaria comprises the classical regions of Moesia, Thrace, and Macedonia. Old European culture in the region started to produce golden artifacts by the fifth millennium BCE.[3]

The country preserves the traditions (in ethnic name, language, and alphabet) of the First Bulgarian Empire (632/681 – 1018), which at times covered most of the Balkans and spread its alphabet, literature and culture among the Slavic and other peoples of Eastern Europe. Centuries later, with the decline of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185 – 1396/1422), the country came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) re-established Bulgaria as a constitutional monarchy in 1878, with the Treaty of San Stefano marking the birth of the Third Bulgarian Kingdom. After World War II, Bulgaria became a communist state and part of the Eastern Bloc. In 1990, after the Revolutions of 1989, the Communist party gave up its monopoly on power and Bulgaria transitioned to democracy and free-market capitalism.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bulgaria:

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Bulgaria

Geography of Bulgaria

An enlargeable topographic map of Bulgaria
 Romania 608 km
 Greece 494 km
 Serbia 318 km
 Turkey 240 km
 Macedonia 148 km
  • Coastline: 354 km

Environment of Bulgaria

An enlargeable satellite image of Bulgaria

Natural geographic features of Bulgaria

  • Glaciers of Bulgaria
  • Islands of Bulgaria
  • Lakes of Bulgaria
  • Mountains of Bulgaria
    • Volcanoes in Bulgaria
  • Rivers of Bulgaria
    • Waterfalls of Bulgaria
  • Valleys of Bulgaria
  • World Heritage Sites in Bulgaria

Regions of Bulgaria

Main article: Regions of Bulgaria

Ecoregions of Bulgaria

Main article: Ecoregions in Bulgaria

Administrative divisions of Bulgaria

Main article: Administrative divisions of Bulgaria
Provinces of Bulgaria
Municipalities of Bulgaria

Demography of Bulgaria

Main article: Demographics of Bulgaria

Government and politics of Bulgaria

Main article: Government of Bulgaria and Politics of Bulgaria

Branches of government

Executive branch of the government of Bulgaria

Legislative branch of the government of Bulgaria

Judicial branch of the government of Bulgaria

  • Supreme Court of Bulgaria

Foreign relations of Bulgaria

International organization membership

The Republic of Bulgaria is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Bulgaria

Main article: Law of Bulgaria

Military of Bulgaria

Main article: Military of Bulgaria

Local government in Bulgaria

History of Bulgaria

Main article: History of Bulgaria, Timeline of the history of Bulgaria, and Current events of Bulgaria
  • Economic history of Bulgaria
  • Military history of Bulgaria

Culture of Bulgaria

Main article: Culture of Bulgaria

Art in Bulgaria

Sports in Bulgaria

Main article: Sports in Bulgaria

Economy and infrastructure of Bulgaria

Main article: Economy of Bulgaria

Education in Bulgaria

Main article: Education in Bulgaria

Health in Bulgaria

See also


External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Bulgaria

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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