Outline of Armenia

Outline of Armenia
The location of Armenia
An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Armenia

The Republic of Armenia is a landlocked, mountainous, sovereign country located in Eurasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Southern Caucasus.[1] Armenia borders Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Nakhchivan exclave of Azerbaijan to the south. A transcontinental country at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia, Armenia has had and continues to have extensive socio-political and cultural connections with Europe.[2]

A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia was the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion[3] in the early years of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301).[4] The modern Republic of Armenia is constitutionally a secular state, although the Christian faith plays a major role in the history and identification of the Armenian people.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Armenia:

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Armenia
  • Pronunciation: /ɑrˈmiːniə/ ( listen)
  • Common English country name: Armenia
  • Official English country name: Republic of Armenia
  • Common endonym(s): Հայաստան (Hayastan)
  • Official endonym(s): Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն (Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun)
  • Adjectival(s): Armenian
  • Demonym(s): Armenian
  • Etymology: Name of Armenia
  • International rankings of Armenia
  • ISO country codes: AM, ARM, 051
  • ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:AM
  • Internet country code top-level domain: .am

Geography of Armenia

An enlargeable topographic map of Armenia
 Azerbaijan 787 km
 Turkey 268 km
 Georgia 164 km
 Iran 35 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Armenia

An enlargeable satellite image of Armenia

Natural geographic features of Armenia

Regions of Armenia

Ecoregions of Armenia

Administrative divisions of Armenia

  • Provinces of Armenia
Provinces of Armenia

Armenia is divided into ten provinces (Armenian: marzer, sing. marz) and a special administrative division for the capital, Yerevan:

Cities of Armenia

Demography of Armenia

Government and politics of Armenia

Branches of government

Executive branch of the government of Armenia

Legislative branch of the government of Armenia

  • Parliament of Armenia (unicameral)
    • Azgayin Zhoghov

Judicial branch of the government of Armenia

  • Supreme Court of Armenia

Foreign relations of Armenia

International organization membership

The Republic of Armenia is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Armenia

Military of Armenia

Local government in Armenia

History of Armenia

Culture of Armenia

Art in Armenia

Sports in Armenia

Economy and infrastructure of Armenia

Education in Armenia

See also


  1. ^ a b "Armenia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ As a transcontinental country, Armenia may be considered to be in Asia and/or Europe. The UN classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the CIA World Factbook [1], National Geographic, and Encyclopædia Britannica also place Armenia in Asia. Conversely, numerous sources place Armenia in Europe such as the BBC [2], Oxford Reference Online [3], Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (though it also places the historical Kingdom of Armenia in Asia), and www.worldatlas.com. Moreover, the Armenian government and the general population generally self-identify as European and a part of Europe [4]. Armenia's former Minister of Foreign Affairs Vardan Oskanyan iterated recently that: "Armenia is in Europe. This is a fact, it's not a response to a question." [5]. Mr. Torben Holtze, head of the European Commission's representation in Armenia and Georgia and Ambassador of the European Union with residence in Tbilisi, stated recently: "As a matter of principle, Armenia is a European country..." [6]; Juergen-Zahorka, Hans. "How Armenia Could Approach the European Union" (PDF). LIBERTAS – Europaeisches Institut GmbH. http://www.libertas-institut.com/de/PDF/Armenia%20ante%20portas.pdf. Retrieved December 23, 2006. ; "EUROPE AND ARMENIA". Inside Europe. http://www.insideeurope.org/index.php?id=401. Retrieved December 23, 2006. [dead link]
  3. ^ "The conversion of Armenia to Christianity was probably the most crucial step in its history. It turned Armenia sharply away from its Iranian past and stamped it for centuries with an intrinsic character as clear to the native population as to those outside its borders, who identified Armenia almost at once as the first state to adopt Christianity". (Garsoïan, Nina (1997). ed. R.G. Hovannisian. ed. Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. Volume 1, p.81. ).
  4. ^ Grousset, René (1947). Histoire de l'Arménie (1984 edition ed.). Payot. pp. 122. . Estimated dates vary from 284 to 314. Garsoïan (op.cit. p.82), following the research of Ananian, favours the latter.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Armenia

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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