- Ottoman Porte
The Sublime Porte, also Ottoman Porte or High Porte (in Ottoman Turkish Bab-ı Ali in Albanian "Porta e Lartë" ), is a synecdoche for the central government of the Ottoman Empire, by reference to the High Gate of the Divan (court) of the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul.
The particular term was used in the context of diplomacy by Western states, as their diplomats were received at the porte (meaning gate). During the constitution period (see Young Turk Revolution), the functions of the Divan were replaced by the imperial government, and "porte" came to refer to the Foreign Ministry. During this period, Grand vizier came to refer to the position of a Prime Minister and viziers became the Ottoman Senate.
The Sublime Porte was the name of the open court of the sultan, led by the Grand Vizier. It got its name from the gate to the headquarters of the Grand Vizier in Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, where the sultan held the greeting ceremony for foreign ambassadors. It was an ancient Ottoman practice to make the gates of cities and kings' palaces places of assembly.
Later the name came to refer to the Foreign Ministry. In contemporary times, it is used for the office of the governor (Vali) of Istanbul Province. This name has also been interpreted as referring to the Empire's position as gateway between Europe and Asia.
The High Porte, in contrast, referred to the private court of the sultan. Porte is French for "gate"; therefore, the term High Porte is a bilingual combination of English High and French Porte, that is equivalent to Bab-ı Ali.
State organisation of the Ottoman Empire Central System
(Military administration)Government:Classic Period
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Porte — Ottoman Porte (also Sublime Porte, High Porte, or, in Ottoman Turkish, Bab ı Ali) used to refer to the Divan (court) of the Ottoman Empire where government policies were established. Terminology The particular term was used in the context of… … Wikipedia
Ottoman expedition to Aceh — Ottoman fleet in the Indian Ocean in the 16th century … Wikipedia
Porte — [pɔ:t] (in full Sublime or Ottoman Porte) noun the Ottoman court at Constantinople. Origin C17: from Fr. la Sublime Porte the exalted gate , translation of the Turk. title of the central office of the Ottoman government … English new terms dictionary
Porte — n. (in full the Sublime or Ottoman Porte) hist. the Ottoman court at Constantinople. Etymology: F (la Sublime Porte = the exalted gate), transl. of Turk. title of the central office of the Ottoman government … Useful english dictionary
ottoman — adj. & n. adj. hist. 1 of or concerning the dynasty of Osman or Othman I, the branch of the Turks to which he belonged, or the empire ruled by his descendants. 2 Turkish. n. (pl. Ottomans) an Ottoman person; a Turk. Phrases and idioms: the… … Useful english dictionary
Ottoman — adj. & n. adj. hist. 1 of or concerning the dynasty of Osman or Othman I, the branch of the Turks to which he belonged, or the empire ruled by his descendants. 2 Turkish. n. (pl. Ottomans) an Ottoman person; a Turk. Phrases and idioms: the… … Useful english dictionary
OTTOMAN EMPIRE — OTTOMAN EMPIRE, Balkan and Middle Eastern empire started by a Turkish tribe, led by ʿUthmān (1288–1326), at the beginning of the 14th century. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: sources … Encyclopedia of Judaism
OTTOMAN (EMPIRE) — Édifié lentement, au début du XIVe siècle, sur les ruines de l’État seldjoukide d’Anatolie, puis, au XVe siècle, sur celles de l’Empire byzantin, l’État ottoman, après la prise de Constantinople (29 mai 1453), est devenu l’une des puissances… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ottoman dynasty — Country Ottoman Empire Titles Sultan Caliph Founder Osman I … Wikipedia
Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–1639) — Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 Part of the Ottoman–Persian Wars Map of the Safavid state. The area of Mesopotamia, permanently lost to the Ottoma … Wikipedia