Tor–Kwerba languages


Tor–Kwerba languages
Tor–Kwerba
Geographic
distribution:
New Guinea
Linguistic classification: a primary family of Papuan languages
Subdivisions:
Orya–Tor
Mawes–Kwerba
? Sause

The Tor–Kwerba languages are an independent family of Papuan languages proposed in 2005 by Malcolm Ross. All the languages had been part of Stephen Wurm's 1975 Trans–New Guinea proposal, but he did not recognize them as a unit, retaining Kwerba within Capell's 1962 Dani–Kwerba proposal.

Contents

Classification

Tor–Kwerba 
 Orya–Tor 

Orya (Uria)



Tor family: Berik, Bonerif, Dabe, Itik, Jofotek-Bromnya, Keijar, Kwesten, Mander, Maremgi, Vitou, Wares, Dineor, Kwinsu



? Sause



 Greater Kwerba 

Mawes


 Kwerba  family

Airoran–Samarokena: Airoran, Samarokena



nuclear Kwerba: Bagusa, Kwerba (Sasawa), Trimuris, Kauwera, Kwerba Mamberamo




? Isirawa




In earlier classifications the Sause language had been included with these languages, but its classification is uncertain, and was not addressed by Ross. Ethnologue (2009) retains it as a third branch of Orya–Tor, and also retains Isirawa as a third branch of Greater Kwerba.

Pronouns

The pronouns Ross reconstructs for proto-Orya–Tor are,

I *ai exclusive we  ?
inclusive we *ne
thou *emei you *em
s/he *je they  ?

See also

References

  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782. 



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