- Orrefors glassworks
Orrefors glassworks (also known as just Orrefors) is a glassworks in the Swedish village Orrefors in Småland. Orrefors manufactures high-quality crystal glassware and art glass. The range consists of crystal stemware, barware, vases, bowls, candlesticks and sculptures. Orrefors also has a collection of lighting products in crystal.
Orrefors is a part of the swedish glassworks group Orrefors Kosta Boda AB.
The Orrefors glass factory was founded in 1898 on a site where an iron factory had been operating since 1726. The glass factory originally made window glass and practical objects such as jam jars. However the company changed ownership in 1913, and by 1916 attempted to take their work into a more artistic direction. Two Swedish painters, Simon Gate and Edvard Hald, were hired to decorate and design the glass, despite neither of them having any experience with the medium. They were later joined by other artists such as Vicke Lindstrand and Edvin Öhrstrom. Each of these people had an individual artistic style, but together they created several unique features and innovations. One of these was Graal glass, where colored relief decorations are encased in another layer of colorless and transparent crystal, which gives a smooth surface.
A similar technique was devised in 1936 which trapped air within the walls of the glass. This was known as Ariel, a name of a character in Shakespeare's play The Tempest. A major influence of theirs was the Art Nouveau work of the French artist Émile Gallé. Their designs use characteristic clean lines of brilliant crystal that suggests a frozen liquid. Their work was greatly admired when it was displayed to a wide audience at the Paris Exhibition of 1925.
In addition to individual pieces of crystal, the company made crystal stemware. The glass house came to be a leading producer during the interwar period. In more recent times the factory has also become noted for its chandelier-making. Many of the older designs are still produced today.
- The Apple Sculptre (1955 by Ingeborg Lundin)
- Bowl (Simon Gate)
Designers at Orrefors
- Knut Bergqvist 1914-1929
- Heinrich Wollman 1914-1923
- Gustav Abels 1915-1959
- Eva Jancke Björk 1915-1917
- Fritz Blomqvist 1915-1917
- Simon Gate 1916-1945
- Edward Hald 1917-1978
- Nils Landberg 1927-1972
- John Selbing 1927-1973
- Vicke Lindstrand 1928-1940
- Sven Palmqvist 1928-1971
- Flory Gate 1930
- Edvin Öhrström 1936-1958
- Fritz Kurz 1940-1946
- Carl Fagerlund 1946-1980
- Ingeborg Lundin 1947-1971
- Gunnar Cyrén 1959-1970, 1976-
- Jan Johansson 1969-
- Börge Lindau 1970-tal
- Bo Lindekrantz 1970-tal
- Petr Mandl 1970-tal
- Styrbjörn Engström 1970
- Olle Alberius 1971-1973
- Henning Koppel 1971-1981
- Rolf Nilsson 1971-1972
- Lars Hellsten 1972-
- Eva Englund 1974-1990
- Wiktor Bernt 1975-1979
- Owe Elven 1975-1978
- Berit Johansson 1979-1983
- Arne Branzell 1980-1982
- Anette Krahner 1980-1981
- Erika Lagerbielke 1982-
- Anne Nilsson 1982-2005
- Klas-Göran Tinbäck 1982-1983
- Mats Borgström 1984-1990
- Helén Krantz 1988-2005
- Vivianne Karlsson 1989-1983
- Lena Bergström 1994-
- Per B Sundberg 1994-
- Martti Rytkönen 1994-
- Per B Sundberg 1994-
- Ingegerd Råman 1999-
- Karl Lagerfeld 2010-
- ^ a b Bray, Charles (June 19, 2001). Dictionary of Glass. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-3619-X. pps. 75, 135.
- ^ Plath, Iona (June 1, 1966). Decorative Arts of Sweden. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-21478-8. p.107.
- ^ Chambers, Karen S (March 1, 1999). Clearly Inspired: Contemporary Glass and Its Origins. Pomegranate. ISBN 0-7649-0932-0. pps. 40, 132.
- ^ Arwas, Victor (September 1, 1999). The Art of Glass: Art Nouveau to Art Deco. Papadakis Publisher. ISBN 1-901092-00-3. p.105.
- ^ "Orrefors glass." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.
- ^ "Orrefors Kosta Boda AB – Press release". Cision Wire. http://www.cisionwire.com/orrefors-kosta-boda-ab/orrefors-and-karl-lagerfeld-new-partners-for-designing-crystal-art-collection55042. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- ^ Milligan, Lauren (8 June 2011). "Raise A Glass". Vogue. http://www.vogue.co.uk/news/2011/06/08/karl-lagerfeld-glassware-collection-for-orrefors. Retrieved 2011-09-08.
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