Papaver orientale


Papaver orientale
Oriental poppy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Papaveraceae
Genus: Papaver
Species: P. orientale
Binomial name
Papaver orientale
(L.)
Türkenlouis red, highly fringed
Olympia orange
Papillon pink
Cedric Morris salmon pink
Pattys Plum plum

Papaver orientale (Oriental poppy) is a perennial [1] flowering plant native to the Caucasus, northeastern Turkey, and northern Iran, not the Orient as the name implies. [2]

Oriental poppies throw up a mound of finely cut, hairy foliage in spring. After flowering the foliage dies away entirely, a property that allows their survival in the summer drought of Central Asia. Late-developing plants can be placed nearby to fill the developing gap. Fresh leaves appear with autumn rains.

Contents

Cultivation

Papaver orientale has a hardiness zone of 3-8 average. It usually thrives in light calcareous soil and in full sun or part shade. Seeds are sown after the potential of frost has past, the average temperature is approximately 21 °C and when soil has thoroughly warmed. The seeds are sown at a depth of about one centimeter, or less as light may stimulate germination. Oriental Poppies do not handle transplanting or over-watering well. Germination period is 10–20 days. Mulch can be used to protect the plant over the winter and cutting off the stem will produce a second flower.

Cultivars

Aside from its natural brilliant orange-scarlet, since the later 19th century selective breeding for gardens has created a range of colors from clean white with eggplant-black blotches (Barr's White is the standard against which other whites are measured), through clear true pinks and salmon pinks to deep maroons and plum. In addition petals may be creased or fringed, such as Türkenlouis.

Cultivars can be grouped by colour: Red and Orange, White, Pink to Salmon and Multicoloured. These include;

Red and orange varieties

Red - Beauty of Livermere, Brilliant, Türkenlouis, Olympia, G.I. Joe (double)
Mahogany-red Indian Chief Orange - Olympia

White

Black and White, Maiden's Blush, Perry's White, Barr's White, Royal Wedding

Pink to salmon

Papillon (pink), Watermelon, Helen Elizabeth, Victoria Louise, Mrs. Perry, Cedric Morris (salmon pink), Patty's Plum

Multicoloured

Carousel (white with orange petal edges), Carnival (frilled white petals with orange-red accents), Pinnacle(white and scarlet-red petals), Picotee (creased white petals with frilly orange edges), Fatima (white petals edged in pink)

Related species

Oriental Poppies are closely related to the Great Scarlet Poppy Papaver bracteatum, which can be grown for their use in the commercial extraction of thebaine, a main source for the legal synthesis of opiates. This species, however, does not produce any narcotic alkaloids such as morphine or codeine. Many garden Oriental poppies are actually hybrids with (Papaver bracteatum) and Papaver pseudo-orientale.

References

Sources



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papaver orientale — Papaver orientale …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Papaver orientale — Türkischer Mohn Türkischer Mohn (Papaver orientale) Systematik Unterklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papaver orientale — rytinė aguona statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Aguoninių šeimos dekoratyvinis augalas (Papaver orientale), paplitęs Kaukaze, Irane ir Turkijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Papaver orientale angl. Oriental poppy vok. orientalischer Mohn rus. мак… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Papaver orientale — ID 59412 Symbol Key PAOR5 Common Name Oriental poppy Family Papaveraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CO, IA, LA, MD, MI, NJ, NY, PA, UT, VA, WA, WI Growth Habit Forb/herb …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Papaver orientale — noun commonly cultivated Asiatic perennial poppy having stiff heavily haired leaves and bright scarlet or pink to orange flowers • Syn: ↑oriental poppy • Hypernyms: ↑poppy • Member Holonyms: ↑Papaver, ↑genus Papaver …   Useful english dictionary

  • Papaver orientale — …   Википедия

  • Papaver orientale L. — Symbol PAOR5 Common Name Oriental poppy Botanical Family Papaveraceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Papaver — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Papaver Papaver nudicaule …   Wikipedia Español

  • Papaver — Taxobox name = Papaver image width = 250px image caption = Iceland Poppy ( Papaver nudicaule ) regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Ranunculales familia = Papaveraceae genus = Papaver genus authority = L.… …   Wikipedia


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