Red Cliffs order of battle


Red Cliffs order of battle

The following is the order of battle for the Battle of Red Cliffs.

Contents

Order of battle

Cao Cao forces

An army from the west was commanded by Cao Cao himself while another army advancing from the north was commanded by his top generals.

West Army

  • Chancellor (丞相) Cao Cao
    • Center Military Adviser (中軍師) Xun You
    • Chief Clerk (長史) Chen Jiao (陳矯)
    • Palace Counsellor (太中大夫) Jia Xu
    • Libationer of the Chancellor's Army (丞相軍祭酒) Dong Zhao
    • Assistant to the Chancellor (丞相掾屬) Xu Xuan (徐宣)
    • Assistant to the Chancellor (丞相掾屬) Chen Qun
    • Hua Xin
    • Pei Qian (裴潛)
    • Wang Lang
    • He Qia (和洽)
    • Huan Jie
  • Commanders of the Tiger, Dragon and Panther Cavalry divisions (虎騎、龍騎、豹騎) of the Guards (宿衛軍)
  • General Who Inspires Might (奮威將軍) Man Chong
  • General of Sharp Edge (厲鋒將軍) Cao Hong
  • General Who Subdues (折沖將軍) Yue Jin
  • Cai Mao, serving as Commander of Naval Force (水軍都督)
    • Zhang Yun, serving as Vice Commander of Naval Force (水軍副都督)

North Army

  • Commandant-Protector of the Army (都督護軍) Zhao Yan (趙儼), oversaw the seven forces commanded by Yu Jin, Zhang Liao, Zhang He, Zhu Ling, Li Dian, Lu Zhao and Feng Kai
    • General Who Inspires Might (奮威將軍) Cheng Yu
    • Libationer of the Chancellor's Army (丞相軍祭酒) Du Xi
    • Libationer of the Chancellor's Army (丞相軍祭酒) Yuan Yu (袁漁)
  • General of Tiger's Might (虎威將軍) Yu Jin
  • General Who Exterminates Rebels (蕩寇將軍) Zhang Liao
  • General Who Pacifies the Di (平狄將軍) Zhang He
  • General Who Suppresses Barbarians (平虜將軍) Zhu Ling
  • General Who Defeats Barbarians (破虜將軍) Li Dian
  • General Who Spreads Martial Might (揚武將軍) Lu Zhao (路招)
  • Feng Kai (馮楷)
  • General Who Attacks Rebels / Administrator of Jiangxia (討逆將軍 / 江夏太守) Wen Ping, served as Vanguard of Naval Force (水軍先鋒)

Others

  • General Who Pacifies the East (平東將軍) Chen Deng, attacked Danyang (丹陽)
  • General Who Awes Barbarians / Inspector of Xu Province (威虜將軍 / 徐州刺史) Zang Ba, attacked Wu (吳)
  • An army from Yang Province (揚州) attacked Lujiang (廬江) via Shouchun (壽春) and Hefei (合肥)
  • General Who Sweeps Across the Wilderness (橫野將軍) Xu Huang, stationed in Fancheng (樊城) to defend Jing Province (荊州)
  • General Who Attacks the South (征南將軍) Cao Ren, defended Jiangling (江陵)
  • Supervising Officer of Transport and Supply (軍糧督運使) Xiahou Yuan, commanded the logistics detachment
  • Administrator of Runan (汝南太守) Li Tong

Total strength of combined land and naval forces: approximately 230,000 to 270,000

Allied forces

Sun Quan forces

  • General Who Attacks Barbarians / Administrator of Kuaiji (討虜將軍 / 會稽太守) Sun Quan, stationed in Chaisang (柴桑) to oversee and manage all affairs
    • Jishi (給事) Zhu Huan, stationed in Chaisang to provide reinforcements
  • Left Commander (左都督) Zhou Yu
    • Right Commander (右都督) Cheng Pu
    • Colonel Who Praises the Army (贊軍校尉) Lu Su
    • Commandant of Danyang (丹陽都尉) Huang Gai, served as Vanguard (先鋒)
    • Commandant of Vehemence (承烈都尉) Ling Tong, served as Left Guard (左衛)
    • Commandant of Chang River Regiment (長水都尉) Sun Kuang, served as Right Guard (右衛)
    • Prefect of Dangkou (當口令) Gan Ning, served as commander of the main naval force
    • General of the Household Who Sweeps Across the Wilderness (橫野中郎將) Lü Meng
    • General of the Household (中郎將) Han Dang
    • Chief of Yichun (宜春長) Zhou Tai
    • Colonel Who Inspires Might (奮威校尉) Quan Cong
    • Chief of E (鄂長) Hu Cong (胡琮)
    • Colonel Who Inspects the Army (督軍校尉) Lü Dai
    • General Who Attacks Barbarians / Administrator of Yuzhang (征虜將軍 / 豫章太守) Sun Ben, served as commander of the main land force
    • Colonel of Competing Might (競威校尉) Lu Xun
    • Colonel of Martial Ferocity (武猛校尉) Pan Zhang
  • General Who Supports Righteousness (扶義將軍) Zhu Zhi, served as Commandant of Transport in the Rear (後隊運轉都督)
    • Major General / Administrator of Pengze (裨將軍 / 彭澤太守) Lü Fan, served as Vice Commandant of Transport (運轉副都督)
  • Left Major (左司馬) Gu Yong, stationed in Guangling (廣陵)
  • Administrator of Danyang (丹陽太守) Sun Jing
  • Jingkou Imperial Hand / Colonel of Martial Defense (京口手御 / 武衛校尉) Sun Huan, defended Guangling
  • Left Chief Clerk (左長史) Zhang Zhao, stationed in Liyang (厲陽)
  • General of Hengjiang (橫江將軍) Yan Jun, defended Hengjiang (橫江) and Dangtu (當涂)
  • Center Major / Lieutenant General (中司馬 / 偏將軍) Zhuge Jin, defended Lujiang (盧江)

Total strength of combined land and naval forces: approximately more than 30,000

Liu Bei forces

  • General of the Left (左將軍) Liu Bei, led 2,000 men, rendezvoused with Zhou Yu at Fankou (樊口) and advanced together
    • Military Adviser General of the Household (軍師中郎將) Zhuge Liang, accompanied Zhou Yu
    • Marquis of Hanshou (漢壽亭侯) Guan Yu, led 10,000 naval troops advancing towards Red Cliffs
    • Zhang Fei, led a few thousand infantry troops advancing towards Red Cliffs
    • Zhao Yun, led a few thousand infantry troops advancing towards Red Cliffs
  • Administrator of Jiangxia (江夏太守) Liu Qi, led a few thousand infantry troops to defend the three passes of Pingjing (平靖), Wusheng (武勝) and Dasheng (大勝), as well as Yingcheng (應城) and Yingshan (應山) in the west

Total strength of combined land and naval forces: approximately 20,000

References


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