Old Natchez Trace segments listed on the National Register of Historic Places


Old Natchez Trace segments listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Seven segments of the historic Natchez Trace are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Also there are additional NRHP-listed structures and other sites along the Natchez Trace, which served the travelers of the trace and survive from the era of its active use.

Contents

Segments

One segment within Tennessee is named simply "Old Natchez Trace". Additionally, several segments in Mississippi and Alabama are listed with the name "Old Natchez Trace", followed by a secondary identifier in parentheses or by an additional name. These listings are:

Old Natchez Trace in Tennessee

  • The Old Natchez Trace in Tennessee, is a large length of the Natchez Trace spanning several counties of Tennessee. It is listed on the National Register under the name Old Natchez Trace. The NRHP-listed linear district follows one route of the old Natchez Trace, but does not include other branches. For example, at Old Town in Franklin, Tennessee, a different branch crossed Brown's Creek.[1] The counties spanned by the listing are: Lawrence, Hickman, Wayne, Williamson, Lewis, Davidson, and Maury County, Tennessee.[2]

Old Natchez Trace (132-3T)

Old Natchez Trace (132-3T), located northeast of Port Gibson in Claiborne County, Mississippi, about 0.7 miles north of the Mangum Mound Site at milepost 45.7. The site is also known as the Grindstone Ford. It is an original segment of the Natchez Trace. The site also is part of the Port Gibson Battlefield.[3] 32°0′10″N 90°53′46″W / 32.00278°N 90.89611°W / 32.00278; -90.89611 (Old Natchez Trace (132-3T))

The presence of the Natchez Road figured in the May 1, 1863 Battle of Port Gibson. In that battle, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant's command, having crossed from the Louisiana side of the Mississippi, below Vicksburg, fought their way through a determined resistance by Confederate forces which at first bottled them up. The Natchez Road was not located by the Union forces early in the battle. Confederate General Bowen was concerned throughout the day's battle that Union forces would locate the Natchez Road and march directly upon Port Gibson, around Bowen's flank. Bowen committed forces to attack the much-larger Union forces in order to prevent them from finding it.[4]:27, other Eventually increasing numbers of Union troops threatened to overwhelm the Confederate forces and retreat was ordered, apparently without any flanking action along the Natchez Road taking place. The Union troops occupied Port Gibson on May 2.[4]

Old Natchez Trace (170-30)

Old Natchez Trace (170-30), a 0.4-acre (0.16 ha) area listed in 1976. It preserves two separate remnants of the old Trace near milepost 104.5 and includes the site of Brashears' Stand, an inn operated by Turner Brashears from 1806 on.[5] It is located just outside the eastern city limits of Ridgeland, Mississippi.32°25′27″N 90°5′19″W / 32.42417°N 90.08861°W / 32.42417; -90.08861 (Old Natchez Trace (170-30))

Old Natchez Trace (212-3K 213-3K)

Old Natchez Trace (212-3K 213-3K), located northeast of Kosciusko in Attala County, Mississippi, near milepost 174.33°12′46″N 89°27′11″W / 33.21278°N 89.45306°W / 33.21278; -89.45306 (Old Natchez Trace (212-3K 213-3K))

Old Natchez Trace (230-3H)

Old Natchez Trace (230-3H), located southwest of Mathiston in Choctaw County, Mississippi, near milepost 199. It is located south of Mathiston at Natchez Trace Parkway milepost 198.33°28′32″N 89°12′4″W / 33.47556°N 89.20111°W / 33.47556; -89.20111 (Old Natchez Trace (230-3H)) It is a segment of the Natchez Trace located at a Natchez Trace Parkway interpretive stop.[6]

Old Natchez Trace (310-2A)

Paved portion of site 310-2A, along the left

Old Natchez Trace (310-2A), a 0.9-acre (0.36 ha) area listed in 1976[2] located 15 miles northwest of Florence, Alabama, off Alabama State Route 20 near milepost 336. It preserves a 400-foot section of the old Natchez Trace that had not been paved as of the mid-1970s, and an 850-foot section that has been paved.[7] The paved portion is part of Lauderdale County's County Route 5. The location is near to, and just southeast of, the Little Zion Church and the Cloverdale School, which in turn are south of the hamlet of Threet, Alabama. Beyond the listed segment, the construction of Highway 20 "obliterated" evidence of the historic Natchez Trace.[7]34°55′31″N 87°50′38″W / 34.92528°N 87.84389°W / 34.92528; -87.84389 (Old Natchez Trace (310-2A))

Old Natchez Trace and Choctaw Agency Site

Old Natchez Trace and Choctaw Agency Site, in Ridgeland, Mississippi located at milepost 100.7. This is located between Interstate 55 and Livingston Rd., west of Ridgeland
32°25′36″N 90°10′37″W / 32.42667°N 90.17694°W / 32.42667; -90.17694 (Natchez Trace, Old, and Choctaw Agency Site), near Ridgeland, in Madison County, Mississippi. It includes a 3.3-mile segment of the Natchez Trace (partially in the Natchez Trace Parkway right of way) and an archeological investigation site at the location that from 1811 to 1823 housed a government agency to the Choctaw.[8]

Related NRHP-listed places

Also there are additional NRHP-listed structures and other sites along the Natchez Trace. These include:

Boyd Mounds Site


See also

References

  1. ^ Williamson County MRA
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  3. ^ William E. Cox (September 9, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Old Natchez Trace (No. 132-3T) / Path to Choctaw Nation, Chickasaw Trace, Natchez Trace". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/76000161.pdf.  (prepared September 9, 1974; received March 25, 1976; entered November 7, 1976) and Accompanying 4 photos, from 1972 and undated
  4. ^ a b National Historic Landmark Nomination: Battle of Port Gibson / Battle of Thompson's Hill / Battle of Magnolia HillsPDF (607 KB), National Park Service, , 19 
  5. ^ William E. Cox (November 9, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Old Natchez Trace (No. 170-30) / Path to Choctaw Nation, Chickasaw Trace, Natchez Trace". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/76000160.pdf.  and Accompanying photo from 1974
  6. ^ Old Natchez Trace (No. 230-3H) (Alternate names: Path to Choctaw Nation, Chickasaw Trace, Natchez Trace), National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form for Federal Properties, prepared October 1, 1974; received March 25, 1976; entered November 7, 1976
  7. ^ a b William E. Cox (October 1, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Old Natchez Trace (No. 310-2A) / Road from Natchez to Nashville, Path to Chickasaw Nation, Path to Choctaw Nation, Natchez Trace". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/76000156.pdf.  and Accompanying photo from 1976, and map
  8. ^ Old Natchez Trace and Choctaw Agency site (Other names: Natchez Trace Section 3P; Old Agency Road; and Choctaw Agency Site 22Md645), National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, November 22, 1994
  9. ^ "Indian Mounds of Mississippi : Boyd Mounds Site". NPS.GOV. http://www.nps.gov/history/Nr/travel/mounds/Boy.htm. 
  10. ^ "Indian Mounds of Mississippi : Boyd Mounds Site". NPS.GOV. http://www.nps.gov/history/Nr/travel/mounds/Boy.htm. 

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