Old Anatolian Turkish language


Old Anatolian Turkish language
Old Anatolian Turkish
تُركجٔ
Spoken in Sultanate of Rûm, Anatolian Beyliks
Era Developed into the Early Ottoman Turkish
Language family
Turkic
Writing system Perso-Arabic script
Official status
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

The Old Anatolian Turkish language[2](Modern Turkish: Eski Anadolu Türkçesi) is the stage in the history of the Turkish language.[3] It was a language which was spoken by Turks of Anatolia between 11th-15th centuries. It developed into the Early Ottoman Turkish language and then Turkish language. Its writing system was Arabic. Unlike the Ottoman Turkish, ḥarakāts of the Arabic script were used.[4]

Old Anatolian Turkish was widely spoken in the entire area of Anatolia. Despite of this, it had no official status. In 1277, Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey declared that:

"Starting from today, in dervish convent, in council, in the palace, in Majlis and in squares, no language other than Turkish is allowed." [1]

In the 15th century, Old Anatolian Turkish language developed into Ottoman Turkish language.

Contents

Examples

Old Anatolian Turkish Ottoman Turkish (Kamus-ı Türkî spelling) Modern Turkish English
كُزلٔر كوزلر Gözler "Eyes"
دَدَ دده Dede "Grandfather"
كُچُك كچوك Küçük "Little"

Alphabet

Letter Modern Turkish Letter Modern Turkish
ا a,e,i ص s
ب b ض d
پ p ط t
ت t ظ z
ث s ع a
ج c غ ğ, g
چ ç ف f
ح h ق k
خ h ك k
د d ل l
ذ d, z م m
ر r ن n
ز z و o, ö, u, ü, v
ژ j ه h
س s la, le
ش ş ى i, y, ı

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.kimkimdir.gen.tr/kimkimdir.php?id=1547
  2. ^ Excerpt from Britannica Entry "..so-called Old Anatolian Turkish.."
  3. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/426768/Old-Anatolian-Turkish-language Old Anatolian Turkish language -- Brittanica Online Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Ergin, Muharrem, Osmanlıca Dersleri, BOĞAZİÇİ YAYINLARI, ISBN 9754510539[page needed]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turkish language — Turkic language of Turkey, spoken by about 90% of its population. Turkish has about 59 million speakers, with many enclaves in the Balkans and Cyprus (dating from Ottoman times) and in western Europe. Turkish was introduced into Anatolia with the …   Universalium

  • Ottoman Turkish language — Ottoman Turkish لسان عثمانى‎ lisân ı Osmânî Spoken in Ottoman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Old Turkic language — Old Turkic Spoken in Central Asia Extinct by the 13th century Language family Turkic Southeastern Turkic (Uyghuric) Old Turkic …   Wikipedia

  • Old Tatar language — (Iske imla: يسكى تاتار تلى (translit. İske Tatar tele)) was a literary language used among the Muslim Tatars from the Middle Ages till the 19th century. Old Tatar is a member of the Kipchak (or Northwestern) group of Turkic languages, although it …   Wikipedia

  • Turkish people — For other uses of Turkish, see Turkish (disambiguation), and for the broader concept of Turkic speaking ethnic groups, see Turkic peoples. Turkish people Türkler Total population 70 million[citation needed] (see also Turkish population Turkish… …   Wikipedia

  • Turkish folk literature — is an oral tradition deeply rooted, in its form, in Central Asian nomadic traditions. However, in its themes, Turkish folk literature reflects the problems peculiar to a settling (or settled) people who have abandoned the nomadic lifestyle. One… …   Wikipedia

  • Turkish literature — A page from the Dîvân ı Fuzûlî, the collected poems of the 16th century Ottoman poet Fuzûlî …   Wikipedia

  • language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …   Universalium

  • Turkish lira — For other uses, see TL. Turkish lira Türk lirası (Turkish) …   Wikipedia

  • Turkish folklore — Nasreddin Hoca The tradition of folklore folktales, jokes, legends, and the like in the Turkish language is very rich, and is incorporated into everyday life and events. Contents 1 Turkish folklore …   Wikipedia