Yakov Dzhugashvili


Yakov Dzhugashvili

Yakov Iosifovich Dzhugashvili ( _ka. იაკობ ჯუღაშვილი, Russian: Яков Иосифович Джугашвили) (March 18, 1907April 14, 1943) was one of Joseph Stalin's three children (along with Svetlana Alliluyeva and Vasily Dzhugashvili). Yakov was the son of Stalin's first wife, Ekaterina Svanidze.

Biography

Yakov was born in the village of Borji (near Kutaisi) in Georgia, then part of Imperial Russia. Until the age of fourteen, Yakov was raised by his aunt in Tbilisi. In 1921, Yakov’s uncle Alexander Svanidze urged him to leave for Moscow to acquire a higher education. Yakov only spoke Georgian and after his arrival in Moscow he commenced with learning the Russian language, aiming to apply for University studies.

Yakov and his father Stalin never got along. Allegedly once Stalin referred to Yakov as a "mere cobbler." Later according to Yakov's stepmother Nadezhda Alliluyeva she saw a young girl running away from their Moscow "dacha" in tears. When she entered she saw a despairing Yakov looking near faint in the room. He ran immediately to his bedroom. It turned out that the girl was Yakov's Jewish fiancée, and when they told Stalin of their engagement he became enraged.

While Stalin and his wife were arguing about this a shot was heard from Yakov's room. While she tended to his wounds and sent for a doctor all his father said was, "He can't even do that right."

Dzhugashvili did marry and was survived by two children. His son, Yevgeni, gave many interviews about his grandfather. He also had a daughter, Galina, who died in 2007. [http://edition.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/08/28/stalin.granddaughter.ap/index.html?iref=mpstoryview]

Dzhugashvili served as an artillery officer in the Red Army and was captured in the early stages of the German invasion of USSR at the Battle of Smolensk. The Germans later offered to exchange Yakov for Friedrich Paulus, the German Field Marshal captured by the Soviets after the Battle of Stalingrad, but Stalin turned the offer down, allegedly saying "I do not change the soldier for the marshal"; others credit him with saying "I have no son," to this offer.

It is not clear when and how he died. The Germans stated officially that Yakov died by running into an electric fence in Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was being held. Some have contended that Yakov committed suicide at the camp while others have suggested that he was murdered.

The United States Defense Department was in possession of documents which indicated that Yakov Dzhugashvili was shot trying to escape, which were shown to his daughter Galina Dzhugashvili in 2003, but which she rejected, claiming that her father was never taken prisoner by the Germans, but rather was killed in battle in 1941.

References

External links

* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/htmlContent.jhtml?html=/archive/1999/01/16/wrus16.html Rising scions of the Soviet past (Information about Yevgeny Dzhugashvili, Yakov's son)]
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2000/07/30/wsta30.xml Revealed: how Stalin's brutal massacre at Katyn shamed his PoW son into suicide]
* [http://www.rusnet.nl/news/2003/09/12/report01.shtml Documents Shed Light on Stalin Son's Fate]


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