Russian National Unity


Russian National Unity
Russian National Unity
Leader Alexander Barkashov
Founded 1990
Headquarters Moscow
Ideology White nationalism
Christianity
Russian nationalism
National Socialism
Third Positionism
Political position Far right
International affiliation Unknown
Website
www.barkashov.com

Russian National Unity (RNU) or All-Russian civic patriotic movement "Russian National Unity" (Russian: Всероссийское общественное патриотическое движение "Русское Национальное Единство"), is a far right, fascist political party and paramilitary organization based in Russia and operating in states with Russian-speaking populations. It was founded by the ultra-nationalist Alexander Barkashov. The movement advocates the expulsion of non-Russians and an increased role for traditional Russian institutions such as the Russian Orthodox Church. The organization is currently unregistered federally in Russia.

Contents

Ideology and tactics

Promoting the notion of "Russia for Russians and compatriots", members of the party (sometimes called "Barkashovites") endorse policies including the expulsion of minorities that "have their homeland outside Russia," especially Jews and migrants from the South Caucasus, such as Azeri, Georgians and Armenians, as well as other countries. Their vision of Russia is divided into privileged ethnic Russians and "compatriots" - non-Russians who live in Russia and have their national homeland there, including indigenous populations of Russian Far East, North, Turkic, and some other minorities. While they consider these "compatriots" to be entitled to live in Russia, the RNU nonetheless condemns any inter-ethnic and inter-racial marriages, claiming that "they create psychological troubles of self-identification for children from such marriages"[citation needed].

According to the Saint Petersburg Times, new recruits (storonniki, literally: "supporters", "siders") to the organization have traditionally been required to serve as low-level functionaries in the organization, acting as drivers and handing out flyers, as well as attending instructional sessions on the group's philosophy and beliefs, many of which are derived from a book written by Barkashov. As members advance, they may attain the rank of spodvizhniki (literally: archaic, high-style for "co-workers"; "co-endeavourers") and are entitled to wear the insignia and participate in paramilitary training. The most dedicated members advance to the ranks of the soratniki (literally: "comrades-in-arms"), who serve as the leadership of the group.

The organisation also worked with businesses, state officials, military and secret services. Supporting businessmen were awarded certificates of merit and other honours. The organization presently avoids direct violations of the law. Some officials have allowed RNU to take part in street patrols and other collaborations with the police; and military training facilities have been made available. Some sympathetic state and industrial officials lent RNU places for meetings, provided facilities to print literature, make uniforms, and copy CDs and video cassettes and other materials. Several martial arts classes with RNU instructors associated with state schools were opened.

History

In 1989, Barkashov was the second in command in Russian National-Patriotic Front Pamyat. His conflict with Dmitri Vasilyev resulted in Barkashov leading, in his words, "the most disciplined and active members, dissatisfied with empty talk and theatrical stunts, out of Pamyat." In 1990, RNU grew in the face of the economic and social difficulties faced by Russians in the course of the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

The Russian National Unity movement was founded on 16 October 1990 by a splinter group of the National Patriotic Front “Memory” (NPF “Pamyat”). It grew from 1990 to 1991. Members have been reported to wear black and camouflage uniforms; the group adopted a red and white swastika emblem and openly expressed of admiration for German national socialism and public celebrations of the rise of the Nazis, although the organization officially denied any support for Nazi ideology. The group was active not only in Russia, but also in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Ukraine. The RNU has attempted to unite nationalist groups by organizing Slavonic and then Russian sobors. They met with various groups to pursue common goals, but saw little progress.

By the middle of 1993, Russian National Unity had become the most prominent Russian nationalist movement, with a wide network of regional divisions. In addition to engaging in political action, the RNU conducted military drills and tactical training. As the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis unfolded, the RNU militantly supported the Russian parliament over the president, Boris Yeltsin. In 1993 it took part in defending and patrolling the "White house" - the residence of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation during the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993 against the President's troops. Following Yeltsin's victory, RNU worked illegally for several months. While underground, the movement continued to publish their newspaper Russian order.

The same year, the organization was registered as "a club for military and patriotic upbringing" and later was recognized by local officials as "a volunteer people's self-protection unit". To help achieve its goals, the RNU developed a cadre of armed paramilitaries, known as "Russian Vityazi", who were trained in the use of small arms and explosives.

On 15 October 1995, 304 delegates from 37 regional divisions attended a RNU conference in Moscow. In 1999, Moscow’s mayor, Yuri Luzhkov, with the support of higher government officials, prohibited the second RNU regional conference from being held in Moscow. However, the RNU continued to organize.

In 1999, the Moscow headquarters of the group were closed. During the second Chechen War, the RNU supported Russian officers accused of crimes in Chechnya[citation needed].

At the peak of its popularity in 1999, RNU was estimated to have 100,000 active members all over Russia by state officials.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ MIPT Terrorism knowledge base

Further reading

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Russian National Unity — (RNU)    Banned ultranationalist political party and paramilitary group. Under the leadership of Aleksandr Barkashov, Russian National Unity (Russkoe national’noe edinstvo) grew out of the radical Pamyat party in 1990. The neo Nazi party was… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Russian National Socialist Party — Russia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Russia …   Wikipedia

  • National Unity Movement — The National Unity Movement is the name of several political parties: National Unity Movement (Nicaragua) National Unity Movement (Sierra Leone) National Unity Movement of Afghanistan (Hezb e Tahreek Wahdat e Mili e Afghanistan) [1] Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • Russian National Union — The Russian National Union (Russkiy Natsional’niy Soyuz, Russkiĭ Nacionalhniĭ Soûz, Русский Национальний Союз) was a Neo Nazi party in Russia which split from Pamyat in 1992 (although the party was officially constituted on 6 May 1993).Led by… …   Wikipedia

  • National Unity Party (Canada) — Parti National Social Chrétien Canadian National Socialist Unity Party National Unity Party Founded 193 …   Wikipedia

  • National Bolshevik Party — Leader Eduard Limonov Founded 1992 …   Wikipedia

  • Russian nationalism — See also: Radical nationalism in Russia Russian nationalism is a term referring to a Russian form of nationalism. Russian nationalism has a long history dating from the days of Muscovy to Russian Empire, and continued in some form in the Soviet… …   Wikipedia

  • Russian Nationalist Movement of Estonia — The Russian Nationalist Movement of Estonia (RNDE) is a political movement in Estonia. It was founded in Lasnamäe in 1990, in order to fill the place of the Russian Movement of Estonia (RDE), which was banned by the National Constitutional Court… …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Party — For specifically the German Nazi Party, see Nazi Party. Parties in various contexts have referred to themselves as National Socialist parties. Because there is no clear definition of national socialism, the term has been used to mean very… …   Wikipedia

  • National Socialist Movement (United States) — NSM flag P …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.