- Port Robinson, Ontario
Port Robinson is a small community in the southernmost part of Thorold,
Ontario, Canada. The community is divided in half by the Welland Canal, as there is no bridge in the immediate vicinity to connect the two halves of the community. In the summer, a passenger ferry runs across the canal. In the winter, residents have to use the bridge on Highway 20, which results in a 13.3 km (8.3 mi) trip to get to the other side ( [http://maps.google.ca/maps?q=Bridge+St+E,+Thorold,+ON+to+Bridge+St+W,+Thorold,+ON map] ).
Like all the ports on the first Welland Canal, Port Robinson was named after a member of the
Family Compactthat once ruled Upper Canada, as Ontario was then named. Sir John Beverly Robinsonwas Attorney General of Upper Canada at the time the first Canal was built, and the port was originally named Port Beverly.
The demise of Bridge 12
Bridge St in Port Robinson was originally linked by a
vertical lift bridge, numbered as Bridge 12 by the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority.
On August 25, 1974, the ore carrier "Steelton", travelling northbound on the canal, struck and effectively destroyed the bridge.
The east tower of the bridge toppled over, while the west tower collapsed in on itself. The bridge span was pushed into the water, severely deformed. The damage to the bridge was estimated as between $15 and $20 million. It was scrapped in its entirety. The removal of the towers from the canal, especially the counterweights (some 300 tons each), necessitated the use of a special heavy-duty floating crane. The canal was closed until September 9 for the repairs.
The "Steelton" suffered damage to its bow, estimated at about $1 million. The repairs were made at Port Colborne, at the southern terminus of the canal.
There was no loss of life. The bridge master, Albert Beaver, and a watchman on the ship, suffered minor injuries.
The ensuing investigation concluded that the ship failed to blow the whistle to signal its approach and the bridge could not be raised in time.
After the accident, rebuilding the bridge or building a tunnel to replace it was considered. In the end, it was concluded that the volume of local vehicular traffic was not sufficient to warrant such an expense. Instead, a passenger ferry service was launched in early 1977. The ferry can transport people and
bicycles, but it's not big enough for cars, thus forcing residents who want to use a car to take the long route.
A similar accident occurred at Bridge 11 in Allanburg in 2001. That bridge was lowered onto the passing
bulk carrier" Windoc", which afterwards caught fire. The ship was a total loss, but no injuries were reported, and Bridge 11 suffered minor damage and was repaired. [ [http://bst.gc.ca/en/reports/marine/2001/m01c0054/m01c0054.asp "Marine Investigation Report #M01C0054: Striking and Subsequent Fire on Board Bridge 11, Welland Canal and Bulk Carrier Windoc, Welland Canal, Allanburg, Ontario, 11 August 2001."] Transportation Safety Board of Canada, 2005- 07-05. Retrieved on 2007- 08-15.] While repairs were underway, Port Robinson residents wishing to travel by car to other side of the community had to drive even farther than usual to use the Main Street Tunnel in Welland.
* The Welland Public Library's [http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/Chist.htm Canal history pages] contain many newspaper clippings and photos documenting the Canal's history in general, and the [http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/clipping/robclip.htm Port Robinson bridge accident] in particular. [http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/Bridpic.htm Pictures of the canal's bridges] are also available, including some ( [http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/SOURCE/BRIDGES/nfpic69.htm] [http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/SOURCE/BRIDGES/nfpic74.htm] [http://www.welland.library.on.ca/digital/SOURCE/BRIDGES/nfpic77.htm] ) of the destroyed bridge.
* [http://www.nflibrary.ca/nfplindex/results.asp?action=browse&q=295&key=242 Images from the Historic Niagara Digital Collections at the Niagara Falls Public Library]
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