- All-Russia Exhibition Centre
All-Russian Exhibition Centre (Всероссийский выставочный центр) is a permanent general-purpose
trade showin Moscow, Russia.
The "All-Russia Exhibition Centre" is a state
joint-stock company, officially abbreviated as GAO "VVC", which stands for "Gosudarstvennoye Aktsionernoye Obshchestvo 'Vserossiyskiy Vystavochny Centr'".
VVC is a member of exhibition associations:
IUEF(since 1991) and UFI(since 1997).
"This section is based on Soviet public documents, available in Russian at [http://www.bcxb.ru/bxod/bxod39.htm www.bcxb.ru] "
The exhibition was established February 17, 1935 as the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) (Russian: "Всесоюзная Сельско-Хозяйственная Выставка" "Vsesoyuznaya Selsko-Khozyaystvennaya Vystavka"). Existing site (then known as Ostankino Park, a country territory recently incorporated into city limits), was approved in August, 1935. Master plan by
Vyacheslav Oltarzhevskywas approved in April, 1936, and the first show season was announced to begin in July, 1937.
However, the plans didn't materialize, and 3 weeks before the deadline
Stalinpersonally postponed the exhibition by one year (to August 1938). It seemed that this time everything would be ready on time, and again the builders failed to complete their work, and regional authorities failed to select and deliver proper exhibits. Some pavilions and the 1937 entrance gates by Oltarzhevsky were torn down to be replaced with more appropriate structures (most pavilions were criticized for "having no windows"). According to Oltarzhevsky's original plan, all of the pavilions were to be constructed from wood. In 1938, a government commission examined the construction and decided that it did not suit the ideological direction of the moment. The exhibition was considered too modest and too temporary. Oltarzhevsky was arrested, together with the Comissar for Agriculture and his staff, and eventually released in 1943. Later, he worked on the 1947-1953 Moscow skyscraper project.
As a result, in August 1938
Nikita Khrushchev, speaking at the Supreme Sovietassembly, declared that the site is not ready, and the opening was extended to August, 1939. It opened indeed August 1, 1939, and worked in 8AM - 11PM mode until October 25 (40,000 daily attendance). 1940 and 1941 seasons followed; after the German invasion, July 1, 1941 the exhibition was closed - until the end of World War II.
1939 pavilions, as presented in 1950 album:
In October, 1948 the State ordered to renew the Exhibition, starting with the 1950 season. Again, the opening was postponed more than once; the first post-war season opened in 1954 (still as "Agricultural" exhibition). In 1956 season the planners set aside an "Industrial area" within the main territory; more restructuring and rebuilding followed. In
1959the park was renamed Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy (Russian: "Выставка Достижений Народного Хозяйства" "Vystavka Dostizheniy Narodnovo Khozyaystva") or ВДНХ/VDNKh.By 1989 the exhibition had 82 pavilions with the exhibition area of 700,000 square metres. Each pavilion (including the 1939 "regions") had been dedicated to a particular industry or a field: the "Engineering Pavilion" (1954), the "Space Pavilion" (1966), the "Atomic Energy Pavilion" (1954), the "People's Education Pavilion" (1954), the "Radioelectronics Pavilion" (1958), the "Soviet Culture Pavilion" (1964).
During the Soviet times, each year VDNKh hosted more than 300 national and international exhibitions and many conferences, seminars and meetings of scientists and industry professionals. These events attracted about 11 million visitors annually, including 600,000 guests from outside the
Soviet Union. The "Radioelectronics" exhibition hall for some years housed the working (and unique) prototypes of the most advanced ES EVMcomputers to date, which were time-shared by many research organizations right on the premises.
The most memorable feature of the exhibition site was the statue "
Worker and Kolkhoz Woman" ("Rabochiy i Kolkhoznitsa"), featuring the gigantic figures of a man and woman holding together the famous " hammer and sickle". The sculpture, which reaches 25 meters toward the sky, was created by Vera Mukhinaand originally crowned the 35-meter-tall Soviet pavilion at the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne (1937). The statue was featured on a logo of " Mosfilm", Russia's largest movie studio.
1992, VDNKh was renamed, receiving its current name VVC. It occupies 2,375,000 square metres of which 266,000 square metres are used for indoor exhibits. The territory of VVC is greater than that of the Principality of Monacoand has approximately 400 buildings. Inadequate maintenance of Vera Mukhina's statue caused such disrepair that the statue was disassembled (see [http://community.livejournal.com/ru_sovarch/175556.html#cutid1 2006 photographs of what's left] ).
The term "VDNKh" is still in use, including the name of a nearby subway station.
* A comprehensive architectural history of the Exhibition in Russian: [http://www.bcxb.ru/ www.bcxb.ru]
* [http://www.vvcentre.ru/eng VVC website]
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