Northern Ireland local government elections, 1985


Northern Ireland local government elections, 1985
Northern Ireland 1973–98

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Elections for local government were held in Northern Ireland on 15 May 1985.

Contents

Background

1981 elections

The previous elections had been fought in the middle of the hunger strike and the H-Block Prison Protest.[1] Those elections had shown changes in party representation, with three parties, namely the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), winning 75% of the seats.[2] On the Unionist side, the DUP arrived at a position of near parity with the UUP, outpolling the latter by 851 votes,[2] although the UUP managed to win more seats overall. Other changes on the Unionist side saw the disbandment of two smaller Unionist parties: the Unionist Party of Northern Ireland in September 1981 and the United Ulster Unionist Party in May 1984. On the nationalist side, while the SDLP maintained its dominant position, a greater number of elected candidates supporting the H-Block protest were elected. In total 36 candidates endorsed by the H-Block committee were elected of whom 21 belonged to the IIP. The representation of the centrist APNI was almost halved as their number of seats was reduced from 70 in 1977 to 38 in 1981.[2]

Northern Ireland Assembly and New Ireland Forum

Following the end of the Hunger Strike, attention focused on attempts by the new Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Jim Prior, to restore devolution. This eventually led to the establishment of the Northern Ireland Assembly which was elected in October 1982. However nationalist parties boycotted the forum and the SDLP instead threw its efforts into the New Ireland Forum. This forum, established in May 1983, reported in May 1984 and represented the combined efforts of the nationalist parties to obtain a solution to the constitutional issue. However the report was rejected by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher who rejected each of the three proposals with the words “that is out” in a response that became known as the "out, out, out" speech.[3]

Sinn Féin

The entry into electoral politics of Sinn Féin (SF) became a significant issue in the run up to the elections. SF polled over 10% in the 1982 Assembly election, winning five seats. At the 1983 Westminster election, the party increased their vote share to 13.4% and maintained that level of support in the 1984 European election. The party won their first council seat in a by-election in March 1983, with Seamus Kerr polling 60% in Omagh ‘Area D’ This was followed by the election of Alex Maskey and Sean McKnight to Belfast City Council in June 1983 and February 1984 respectively. In Dungannon and Fermanagh, independent councillors Seamus Cassidy and John Joe McCusker joined SF.

Prior's successor as Secretary of State, Douglas Hurd, refused to ban SF and also rejected calls by unionists for an anti-violence declaration to be signed by all candidates.[4]

Rates

The expansion of services, particularly leisure began to have an impact in rates at a time when the Rate Support Grant was being cut. The grant was reduced by 1% in 1985. Belfast Leisure Services in particular accounted for 22.7% of the City budget.[5] Rates overall had risen by 8% in the financial year from 1984 to 1985, a figure above the rate of inflation and resulted in the cancellation of a proposed ice rink in Belfast, while that in Bangor had to receive private funding. Since the 1980–1981 financial year, rates had risen by 51.7%[6] ranging from a 17.9% rise in Castlereagh to 80% rises in Omagh and Newry and Mourne.[7]

Legislation

Boundaries

The Local Government (N.I.) Act 1972, Section 50 (1) required a review of local government boundaries and electoral areas in 1981, however it was not until 28 October 1982 that Prior reappointed Sir F. Harrison, who had conducted the previous review in 1971 and 1972. Provisional recommendations were published on 20 May 1983. These led to additional representations and nineteen public hearings before revised recommendations were published on 18 January 1984. Following six further public hearings, the final report was sent to the Secretary of State on 29 May 1984.[8]

The report recommended no change in the number of councils or their names. The number of wards was increased from 526 to 566. Moyle was the only council to lose a ward.

With the wards drawn the government decided that a new procedure would be used to group them together to form District Electoral Areas (DEA). In 1972 the wards had been grouped together into areas of four to eight wards with each area electing a number of councillors equal to the number of wards that it contained. This had been done by the Chief Electoral Officer, a fact that had been criticised for potentially affecting his impartiality.

The District Electoral Areas Commissioner (N.I.) Order was laid before Parliament on 15 December 1983. This provided for the appointment of a commissioner and set him the task of creating electoral areas containing five to seven members. These were to have names rather than an alphabetic designation as before. The debate over the Order in January and February 1984 centred on the merits of STV, the narrower number of councillors in each DEA and the names issue. Unionists argued for DEAs electing four to six councillors.

Campaign

Results

Overall

Party[9] Councillors Votes
Total +/-  % share Total
Ulster Unionist 189 +37 29.5 188,497
Democratic Unionist 142 0 24.3 155,297
SDLP 102 -2 17.8 113,967
Sinn Féin 59 N/A 11.8 75,686
Alliance 34 -4 7.0 45,038
Independent 9 -28 1.6 10,297
Independent Unionist 8 +6 1.3 8,780
Independent Nationalist 6 +6 1.2 7,597
Workers' Party 4 +1 1.6 10,415
Irish Independence 4 -17 1.2 7,459
Ulster Popular Unionist 3 -2 0.5 3,139
Progressive Unionist 2 +1 0.6 3,612
Protestant Unionist 1 +1 0.5 2,970
Labour (NI) 1 0 0.2 1,285
Labour Party NI 0 N/A 0.2 1,029
Newtownabbey Labour 1 0 0.1 792
Ulster Democratic 0 N/A 0.1 782
Labour and Trade Union 0 N/A 0.1 556
Independent Democratic Unionist 0 N/A 0.1 429
Ecology 0 0 0.1 387
Irish Republican Socialist 0 -2 0.0 276
Communist Party 0 0 0.0 245
All Night Party 0 N/A 0.0 235
Independent Republican 0 0 0.0 187
People's Democracy 0 -2 0.0 131
Independent Workers' Party 0 N/A 0.0 113
Liberal 0 N/A 0.0 35
Independent Labour 0 -1 0.0 30

By council

Antrim

Ards

Armagh

Ballymena

Banbridge

Belfast

Court[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Independent Unionist George Seawright 2,970
Progressive Unionist Hugh Smyth 1,761
Democratic Unionist Ted Ashby 1,420
Ulster Unionist Herbert Ditty 1,197
Independent Unionist Joe Coggle 894
Ulster Unionist Fred Cobain 804
Alliance W. J. Dukelow 626
Ulster Unionist J. B. Sands 624
Democratic Unionist W. Baxter 572
Ulster Democratic S. Doyle 536
Sinn Féin H. Fitzsimmons 432
Democratic Unionist R. Morrow 182
Workers' Party Peter Cullen 157
Turnout 12,547
New area
Pottinger[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Democratic Unionist Sammy Wilson 2,454
Democratic Unionist F. Leslie 2,224
Ulster Unionist Margaret Clarke 1,999
Democratic Unionist Jim Walker 1,153
Ulster Unionist Reg Empey 1,117
Alliance Mervyn Jones 1,019
Sinn Féin Joe O'Donnell 566
Ulster Unionist H. Fletcher 431
Progressive Unionist David Ervine 394
SDLP C. Maginnis 340
Workers' Party Frank Cullen 303
Labour and Trade Union S. J. Dempsey 218
Communist Party J. Stewart 61
Turnout 12,785
New area
Victoria[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Democratic Unionist Wallace Browne 3,447
Ulster Unionist Tommy Patton 2,390
Alliance Oliver Napier 2,309
Ulster Unionist William Corry 1,838
Ulster Unionist Dorothy Dunlop 1,365
Alliance G. P. C. Thompson 1,278
Democratic Unionist S. J. Walker 1,131
Ulster Unionist J. McCrea 1,002
Democratic Unionist Robin Newton 564
SDLP M. F. Gilheany 188
Turnout 15,939
New area
Balmoral[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Ulster Unionist Margaret Crooks 2,438
Ulster Unionist Jim Kirkpatrick 1,820
Democratic Unionist Billy Dickson 1,638
SDLP Dorita Field 1,332
Alliance John Montgomery 1,326
Ulster Unionist James Stewart 1,071
Alliance David Cook 1,042
Democratic Unionist Joan Parkes 998
Democratic Unionist C. K. Gibson 620
Labour Party NI S. S. Graham 186
Workers' Party Shaun McKeown 133
Independent Victor Brennan 127
Independent Unionist W. S. Stevenson 56
Turnout 13,102
New area
Castle[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Ulster Unionist John Carson 3,153
SDLP Alban Maginness 1,977
Independent Unionist Frank Millar 1,623
Democratic Unionist Nigel Dodds 1,502
Ulster Unionist Alfie Redpath 1,107
Alliance Tom Campbell 799
Democratic Unionist M. Whittley 706
Independent Unionist William Gault 674
SDLP J. G. Murphy 579
Alliance R. O. Jamison 449
Workers' Party K. Johnston 444
Turnout 13,391
New area
Oldpark[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Ulster Unionist Fred Proctor 1,800
Sinn Féin B. Laverty 1,752
Sinn Féin Gerard McGuigan 1,570
SDLP Brian Feeney 1,516
Workers' Party Seamus Lynch 1,344
Democratic Unionist P. M. Lunn 958
SDLP P. Hunter 787
Sinn Féin Paddy McManus 774
Independent Unionist Nelson McCausland 717
Ulster Unionist D. Smylie 707
Democratic Unionist P. Whittley 604
Alliance A. J. Carton 535
Labour Party NI Paddy Devlin 472
Progressive Unionist P. J. Bird 433
Ecology Peter Emerson 308
Turnout 14,748
New area
Laganbank[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
Ulster Unionist B. Blair 1,969
Alliance W. F. McDowell 1,425
Democratic Unionist Rhonda Paisley 1,325
SDLP Alasdair McDonnell 1,175
Democratic Unionist R. S. McCrea 1,102
SDLP G. McGettrick 833
Ulster Unionist J. J. Dixon Gilmore 727
Sinn Féin M. Conlon 614
Ulster Unionist R. J. Wilson 604
Workers' Party G. Carr 550
Alliance Dan McGuinness 434
Labour and Trade Union R. G. Millar 100
Labour (NI) J. King 73
Communist Party M. J. Morrissey 57
Turnout 11,285
New area
Upper Falls[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
SDLP Alex Attwood 2,461
Sinn Féin Alex Maskey 2,329
Sinn Féin T. M. Holland 2,256
SDLP Cormac Boomer 1,655
Sinn Féin Mairtin O Muilleoir 1,031
Alliance Pip Glendinning 931
Workers' Party G. A. McCann 386
Democratic Unionist I. Lewis 372
Labour and Trade Union Micky Duffy 238
People's Democracy John McAnulty 131
SDLP Peter Prendiville 72
Communist Party K. McCorry 60
Turnout 13,052
New area
Lower Falls[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref
SDLP Joe Hendron 2,606
Sinn Féin Sean McKnight 1,939
Sinn Féin S. Keenan 1,752
Sinn Féin E. Fitzsimons 1,595
Sinn Féin Fra McCann 1,467
Workers' Party Mary McMahon 1,115
Alliance Will Glendinning 1,113
SDLP S. Mullen 159
Communist Party D. Murray 67
Turnout 12,263
New area

Carrickfergus

Castlereagh

Coleraine

Cookstown

Craigavon

Derry

Down

Dungannon

Fermanagh

Larne

Limavady

Lisburn

Magherafelt

Moyle

Newry and Mourne

Newtownabbey

North Down

Omagh

Strabane

References

  1. ^ "1981 Northern Ireland Chronology". CAIN Web Service. http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch81.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ a b c "1981 local government election result". ark.ac.uk. http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/flg81.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  3. ^ Irish Times, 20 November 1984, p1 accessed 10 April 2009
  4. ^ Northern Ireland: The District Council Elections of 1985, page 5, S Elliott and FJ Smith, Queens University 1986, ISBN 0853892873
  5. ^ Elliott and Smith, p5
  6. ^ Elliott and Smith, p6
  7. ^ ibid
  8. ^ Elliott and Smith, page 9
  9. ^ Local Government Elections 1985, Northern Ireland Elections
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Belfast City Council Elections 1985–1989, Northern Ireland Elections

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