British Cameroons

British Cameroons
British Cameroons
Mandate of the United Kingdom



God Save The Queen
Capital Buea
Language(s) English
Religion Christianity (Southern), Islam (Northern)
Political structure League of Nations Mandate
Historical era World War I
 - Kamerun partitioned July 20, 1920
 - Integration into Nigeria and Cameroon October 1, 1961
Cameroon over time
  German Kamerun
  British Cameroons
  French Cameroun
  Republic of Cameroon

British Cameroons was a British Mandate territory in West Africa, now divided between Nigeria and Cameroon.

The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the "Scramble for Africa" at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by British, French and Belgian troops, and later mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations in 1922. The French mandate was known as Cameroun and the British territory was administered as two areas, Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons. Northern Cameroons consisted of two non-contiguous sections, divided by where the Nigerian and Cameroun borders met.

French Cameroun became independent in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory. After some discussion (which had been going on since 1959), a plebiscite was agreed to, and held on 11 February 1961. The Muslim-majority Northern area opted for union with Nigeria, and the Southern area voted to join Cameroon.[1]

Northern Cameroons became a region of Nigeria on 31 May 1961, while Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on 1 October. In the meantime, the area was administered as a United Kingdom Trust Territory (UKTT).

Postage stamps


  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p177 ISBN 0198296452

External links

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См. также в других словарях:

  • British Cameroons — Cameroons (def. 2). * * * …   Universalium

  • British Cameroons — Cameroons (def. 2) …   Useful english dictionary

  • British Cameroons — Brit′ish Cameroons′ n. (used with a sing. v.) geg Cameroons 2) …   From formal English to slang

  • List of colonial heads of British Cameroons — (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Tenure Incumbent Notes 26 August 1914 to 7 April 1916 Joseph Gauderique Aymerich, Military Commander Military Commander of French Cameroon 7 April 1916 to 8 October 1916 Joseph… …   Wikipedia

  • List of heads of government of British Cameroons — Affiliations: See also *Cameroon **Politics of Cameroon **Heads of state of Cameroon **Heads of government of Cameroon **Colonial heads of British Cameroon (Cameroons) **Colonial heads of French Cameroon (Cameroun) **Heads of government of Frenc …   Wikipedia

  • British Mandate of Mesopotamia — الانتداب البريطاني على بلاد ما بين النهرين Mandate of the United Kingdom ← …   Wikipedia

  • Cameroons — [kam΄əro͞onz′] former region in W Africa consisting of two trust territories, French Cameroons (in 1960 forming the republic of CAMEROON) and British Cameroons (in 1961 divided between Cameroon and Nigeria) …   English World dictionary

  • Cameroons — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = British Cameroons common name = British Cameroons| continent = Africa region = West Africa country = Cameroon era = World War I status = Mandate empire = United Kingdom government type …   Wikipedia

  • British Mandate for Palestine — Mandate for Palestine الانتداب البريطاني على فلسطين המנדט הבריטי על פלשתינה א י Mandate of the United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • British West Africa — a former comprehensive term for The Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Cameroon. * * * ▪ historical states, Africa       assortment of widely separated territories in western Africa that were administered by Great Britain (British… …   Universalium

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