Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands

Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands
The Eastern Woodlands cultural area on this map is divided into "Northeast" and "Southeast".

The Eastern Woodlands was a cultural area of the indigenous people of North America. The Eastern Woodlands extended roughly from the Atlantic Ocean to the eastern Great Plains, and from the Great Lakes region to the Gulf of Mexico, which is now the eastern United States and Canada. The Plains Indians culture area is to the west; the Subarctic area to the north.

List of Northeastern Woodland peoples

  • Abenaki (Tarrantine), Maine, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, Quebec, and Vermont
    • Eastern Abenaki, Quebec, Maine, and New Hampshire[1]
      • Kennebec (Caniba)
    • Western Abenaki: Quebec, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont[1]
  • Anishinaabe (Anishinape, Anicinape, Neshnabé, Nishnaabe) (see also Subarctic, Plains)
  • Assateague, Maryland[2]
  • Attawandaron (Neutral), Ontario[1]
  • Beothuk, formerly Newfoundland[1]
  • Choptank people, Maryland[2]
  • Conoy, Virginia[2]
  • Erie, Pennsylvania, New York[1]
  • Etchemin, Maine
  • Meskwaki (Fox), Michigan,[1] later Iowa, Oklahoma
  • Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), Wisconsin near Green Bay, Illinois,[1] later Iowa and Nebraska
  • Honniasont, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia
  • Hopewell tradition, formerly Ohio and Black River region, 200 BCE—500 CE
  • Illinois Confederacy (Illiniwek), Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri[1]
    • Cahokia, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, later Oklahoma
    • Kaskaskia, formerly Wisconsin
    • Miami, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan,[1] later Oklahoma
  • Mitchigamea, formerly Illinois
    • Moingona, formerly Illinois
    • Peoria, Illinois, later Oklahoma
    • Tamaroa, formerly Illinois
    • Wea, formerly Indiana
  • Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee), Ontario, Quebec, and New York[1]
    • Cayuga, New York,[1] later Oklahoma
    • Mohawk – New York[1] and Kahnawake, Quebec
    • Oneida, New York[1]
    • Onondaga, New York[1]
    • Seneca, New York,[1] later Oklahoma
      • Mingo, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia
    • Tuscarora, formerly North Carolina
  • Kickapoo, Michigan,[1] Illinois, Missouri, later Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Mexico
  • Laurentian (St. Lawrence Iroquoians, formerly New York, Ontario, and Quebec, 14th c.—1580 CE
  • Lenni-Lenape Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, now Ontario and Oklahoma
    • Munsee linguistic group, (person from Minisink); originally resided in the greater Manhattan area, and drainage of Lower Hudson R. valley and upper Delaware R.
      • Esopus, formerly New York, later Ontario and Wisconsin
        • Waoranecks
        • Warranawankongs
      • Minisink above the Delaware Water Gap
      • Ramapough Mountain Indians, New Jersey
    • Unami linguistic group
      • Acquackanonk, Passaic River in northern New Jersey
      • Hackensack, New Jersey
      • Navasink, to the east along the north shore of New Jersey
      • Raritan, New Jersey, New York
      • Rumachenanck (Haverstraw), New Jersey, New York
      • Tappan, New Jersey, New York
      • Unalachtigo, Delaware, New Jersey
      • Wiechquaeskecks, Connecticut
  • Mascouten, formerly Michigan[1]
  • Massachusett, Massachusetts
    • Ponkapoag, Massachusetts
  • Menominee, Wisconsin[1]
  • Mahican Confederacy, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, and Vermont[1]
    • Housatonic, Massachusetts, New York[3]
    • Mahican, Massachusetts, New York, and Vermont[1][3]
    • Wappani (Wappinger), New York[3]
      • Wappinger proper, New York
      • Hammonasset, Connecticut
      • Kitchawank (Kichtawanks, Kichtawank), northern Westchester County, New York
      • Mattabesset, New Haven County, Connecticut
      • Massaco, Farmington River, Connecticut
      • Menunkatuck, coastal Connecticut
      • Nochpeem, Dutchess County, New York
      • Paugusset, along Housatonic River, in the bank of Connecticut
      • Podunk, eastern Hartford County, Connecticut
      • Poquonock, Hartford County, Connecticut
      • Quinnipiac (Eansketambawg), Connecticut, New Jersey, New York
      • Rechgawawanc (Recgawawanc)
      • Sicaog, Hartford County, Connecticut
      • Sintsink, Westchester County, New York
      • Siwanoy, Connecticut, New York
      • Tankiteke, Connecticut, New York
      • Tunxis, Hartford County, Connecticut
      • Wecquaesgeek, Westchester County, New York
    • Wyachtonok, Connecticut, New York[3]
  • Massachusett, Massachusetts[4]
  • Mi'kmaq (Micmac), New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec,[1] and Maine
  • Mohegan, Connecticut
  • Montaukett (Montauk), New York
  • Nanticoke, Delaware and Maryland[1]
    • Accohannock
  • Narragansett, Rhode Island
  • Niantic, coastal Connecticut[4]
  • Nipmuc (Nipmuck), Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island[4]
  • Occaneechee, Virginia[5]
  • Passamaquoddy, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Maine[1]
  • Patuxent, Maryland[2]
  • Penobscot, Maine
  • Pequot, Connecticut
  • Petun (Tionontate), Ontario[1]
  • Piscataway, Maryland[2]
  • Pocumtuc, western Massachusetts[4]
  • Poospatuck, New York
  • Quinnipiac, Connecticut, eastern New York, northern New Jersey
  • Sauk, Michigan,[1] later Iowa, Oklahoma
  • Schaghticoke, western Connecticut
  • Shawnee, Ohio,[1] West Virginia, Pennsylvania, later Oklahoma
  • Shinnecock, Long Island, New York[4]
  • Susquehannock, Maryland and Pennsylvania[1]
  • Tauxenent (Doeg), Virginia[6]
  • Unquachog, Long Island, New York[4]
  • Wampanoag, Massachusetts
  • Wawenoc, Maine
  • Wenro, New York[1]
  • Wenrohronon, Pennsylvania, New York
  • Wicocomico, Maryland, Virginia
  • Wolastoqiyik, Maliseet, Maine, New Brunswick, Novia Scotia, and Quebec[1]
  • Wyandot (Huron), Ontario south of Georgian Bay, now Oklahoma, Kansas, Michigan, and Wendake, Quebec

See also

Spiromoundsraccoon.gif Indigenous peoples of North America portal


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Sturtevant and Trigger, ix
  2. ^ a b c d e Sturtevant and Trigger, 241
  3. ^ a b c d Sturtevant and Trigger, 198
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Sturtevant and Trigger, 161
  5. ^ Sturtevant and Trigger, 96
  6. ^ Sturtevant and Trigger, 255

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