- Non-military armored vehicle
Non-military armored vehicles are armored vehicles used outside of professional armed forces. While primarily invented and used for defense from an equally well armed organized force, armor technology has found a number of other uses outside of this military context.
Internal security forces
Several sovereign states employ a standing internal security force, akin to a military force, but separate from the official army. As such, these official forces are often equipped with the same armored cars, although often fitted with less lethal armaments, such as water cannon.
In countries that employ a territorial reserve force, only mobilized in times of war for civil defense, these forces may also be equipped with armored cars. As the main heavy armaments may be out of the country or with the main army, the civil defense force may only have these military specification armored cars as their best defense.
In North America, the Armoured Rescue Vehicle is the term for non-military armoured vehicles used by SWAT teams. They offer some ballistic protection, but without high powered armaments.
South African defence company Paramount Group manufactures the Maverick internal security vehicle, which is designed specifically to assist the delivery and operation of effective internal security forces in hostile environments around the world. The Maverick’s large size provides space for a crew, kit and various types of military equipment including anti riot gear, surveillance equipment, water cannons, ramps for SWAT Teams, and [[bomb disposal|bomb disposal robots. The vehicle can also be fitted with an external fire extinguishing system and small and medium calibre turrets can be mounted on its roof.
In times of civil war or rebellion, factions or opposition groups without sufficient access to military armor, may convert civilian vehicles into fighting vehicles, adding improvised vehicle armor.
Several domestic police forces possess armored vehicles. These may exist as part of specific response units, such as SWAT. Other forces in specific trouble spots, such as apartheid South Africa, or Northern Ireland at the height of The Troubles, may routinely patrol in armored vehicles.
Lightly armored vans and buses may also be used as Prisoner transport vehicles, as protection against attempts to break the prisoners out of custody.
In some cases, buses may also be fitted with armor. These can also be used by the regular military, but are still serving their main purpose of transporting people.
Several VIPs such as businessmen, politicians and diplomats may choose to be transported, or provided with an armored passenger car, as a protection against kidnap or assassination.
In the field of tornado study, a vehicle has been specially modified to be able to drive into the heart of tornados to take measurements while protecting the occupants from debris.
Polish Dzik-2 in the colors of the Polish Military Police.
Israeli EMS armored MICU ambulance for when EMS crews may be shot at.
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