- Non-FIFA international football
FIFA is the international governing body of association football, charged with overseeing football globally and with running international representative matches. However, some international football takes place outside of its ratification. This often consists of matches involving sub-national entities such as islands, colonies or autonomous regions. Representative matches also occur involving states with limited international recognition who are unable to qualify for FIFA membership. There are also a limited number of states whose representative teams are not affiliated to FIFA. Historically, a number of competitions occurred outside of FIFA's auspices.
- 1 "National" teams
- 2 Organizations
- 3 Non-FIFA competitions
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Broadly-speaking, there are six categories of Non-FIFA national team:
The first, and most common, are teams which represent the regional associations of established footballing nations. These oversee local football in their respective regions, and are part of a network of associations that contribute to the national association as a whole. A good example of this would be Jersey, whose members are also members of the FA. These regional associations often enter representative teams into international non-FIFA matches.
Autonomous (or autonomy-seeking) regions and unrecognised states
A second category encompasses regions of larger nations which have a history of autonomy. They may have already achieved a degree of autonomy (Catalonia, Galicia or Basque Country, for example), or be seeking it (like Rijeka). Alternatively, some unrecognised states may have national teams. Some established members of UEFA once fell into this category, such as the Faroe Islands and Moldova. Current non-FIFA heavyweights Northern Cyprus are the best example of this category of non-FIFA football team. Also included are the representative sides of the Spanish autonomous regions, which currently play just one game a year, traditionally at Christmas.
The third group of teams features representative sides drawn from ethnic groups that have yet to gain significant control over a home state, or drawn from an ethnic diaspora. The Sami people of Lapland live in a distinct area of northern Scandinavia, yet fall under the control of four states. Nevertheless, they have organised a football association, and a representative team. Similarly, the Roma people have been strewn across Europe for centuries, with little hope of ever gaining a homeland, yet they have a fledgling footballing organisation to represent them in international competition. While representative teams that fall under this category perhaps have the least hope of ever gaining full FIFA recognition, they can take comfort from the experience of the Palestinians who, despite having no recognised state and having to play all their games outside even Israel, have been welcomed into FIFA and the AFC.
Another group of teams is composed by ethnic minorities in a state. For example: Armenians in Argentina
- NF-Board New Federations Board: a football association established in 2003. It is made up of teams that represent nations that are not recognized as sovereign states and which are therefore not eligible to become members of FIFA, football's world governing body. The NF-Board organises the VIVA World Cup and the UNPO Cup. CSANF is its first continental confederation, for South America.
- IGA Island Games Association: formed in 1985, this is an organization with the sole purpose to organise the Island Games, a friendly biennial athletic competition (including football) between teams from several islands and other small territories.
- MFA Micronational Football Association: a football organisation, planning tournaments for micronations including a World Cup in 2013.
Football tournaments at international multi-sports events, such as the Olympics, Pan-American Games and Francophone games are without FIFA's jurisdiction, but are, for the most part, operated with the acknowledgement of that body. These events typically involve age restricted teams, to avoid direct competition with the World Cup and continental championships.
The FIFI Wild Cup
The FIFI Wild Cup was organised by the German football club St Pauli in the summer of 2006. It took place while the FIFA World Cup was being played in Germany, and aimed to raise awareness of stateless nations. Five nations took part, along with a team representing the St Pauli district of Hamburg. Northern Cyprus beat Zanzibar on penalties to win the trophy.
Host Nation Year Winners Germany 2006 Northern Cyprus
The UNPO Cup
The UNPO Cup was organised by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and NF-Board, and took place in The Hague in June 2005. The tournament, which coincided with UNPO's 7th General Assembly, and featured four teams. The South Moluccas won the cup, beating Chechnya in the final.
Host Nation Year Winners Netherlands 2005 South Moluccas
The VIVA World Cup
The first VIVA World Cup, organised by the NF-Board, took place in Occitania in November 2006. Six nations initially accepted invitations, but eventually only 3 took part, the hosts, Monaco and Saami, the eventual winners. The second edition took place in Lapland in 2008 and Padania emerged as winners, as the third in 2009 where Padania won the tournament at home.
Host Nation Year Winners Occitania 2006 Sápmi Sápmi 2008 Padania Padania 2009 Padania Gozo 2010 Padania
The ELF Cup
Host Nation Year Winners Northern Cyprus 2006 Northern Cyprus
Football at the Island Games
The Island Games, which are held every two years, features a competitive football tournament, won on the first two occasions by now-established UEFA and FIFA member, the Faroe Islands. Many of the competing nations are affiliated to larger national FAs - the Jersey Football Association, for example, is governed by the FA.
Host Nation Year Winners Faroe Islands 1989 Faroe Islands Åland 1991 Faroe Islands Isle of Wight 1993 Jersey Gibraltar 1995 Isle of Wight Jersey 1997 Jersey Gotland 1999 Ynys Môn Isle of Man 2001 Guernsey Guernsey 2003 Guernsey Shetland 2005 Shetland Rhodes 2007 Gibraltar Åland 2009 Jersey Isle of Wight 2011 Isle of Wight
The Europeada is a football tournament for indigenous and national minorities in Europe, and is organized by the Federal Union of European Nationalities. The first edition was played in 2008 in Surselva, Switzerland.
Host Nation Year Winners Switzerland 2008 South Tyrol TBA 2012
- The Coupe de l'Outre-Mer is organised by the FFF, took place in October 2008, in Paris, France. Teams representing the eleven French Overseas Territories are allowed to participate. The first edition was won by Réunion.
- KTFF 50th Anniversary Cup was held in 2005 under the auspices of the NF-Board, this tournament celebrated 50 years of the football association of Northern Cyprus, the KTFF, and featured representative sides from the host nation, the Sápmi, and Kosovo. Northern Cyprus triumphed in a round-robin tournament.
- Inter Island Cup played between Cocos Islands and Christmas Island in 1994, 1997, 1999, 2004 and 2005.
- Micronesia Games played by Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Palau, Yap and Pohnpei in 1998.
- Adam Shield played between Faroe Islands and Shetland, from 1935 to 1967.
- Micronesian Cup played between Micronesia and Northern Marianas Islands in 1999.
- Pasefika Cup played by teams composed by ethnic groups in the Pacific Ocean, is played since 2008.
- Marianas Cup played between Guam and Northern Marianas Islands from 2007.
- Clericus Cup played between sixteen Roman colleges and seminaries of the Catholic Church since 2007.
- Virgin Islands Championship played between islands of Virgin archipelago from 1997 to 2003.
- Inter Islands Competition played between Saba and Sint Eustatius in 2004 and 2006.
- Windward Islands Tournament played between St.Lucia, Grenada, Dominica and St.Vincent in 2001.
- Leeward Islands Tournament played between Caribbean islands from 1949 to 2002.
- Muratti Vase played between Guernsey, Alderney and Jersey since 1905 to 2007.
- GFA Tournament played in Gibraltar, with the host, Isle of Man and Isle of Wight in 2004.
- Tournoi des Iles played in Bretagne, with the host, Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in 2003.
- Greenland Cups played between Greenland, Faroe Islands and Iceland from 1980 to 1984.
- North Atlantic Cup played between Orkney, Faroe Islands and Shetland from 1968 to 1973.
- Milne Cup annual tournament between Orkney and Shetland, played since 1919.
- Martinez Shield played between Trinidad Island, Barbados and Demerara (British Guyana), from 1923 to 1933.
- Tournoi Frantz Fanon between Martinique, Guadeloupe and Haiti, played in 2002.
- Tournoi du Cinquantenaire played between French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, in 2003.
- The Four Nations played by England, Scotland and Wales with "B" teams and Gibraltar in 2008.
- Tournoi de Guadeloupe played between Guadeloupe and St.Lucia in 2006.
- Jeux Inter-Iles played between Wallis Island and Futuna Island in 2001.
- Chinese Championship played between Chinese regions, from 1973 to 1989.
- Chinese National Games played between Chinese regions, from 1959 to 1965.
- Santosh Trophy played between Indian States, since 1973.
- DONER Trophy played between Indian States, in 2003 and 2004.
- South-West Counties Championship played between Cornwall, Guernsey and Jersey, and several other English counties from 1998 to 2007.
- Alex Oni Cup played between Igbo Nation, Edo Nation and Yoruba Nation, from 1950 to 1957.
- Brazilian State Championship played by Brazilian states from 1922 to 1987.
- Brazilian Native Peoples Games are held under the auspices of FUNAI.
- International Small Nations Tournament played by Jersey, Gibraltar and Madeira (U-20 team) in Jersey in 2008.
- MFA World Cup a world cup played by micronations
- British Isles Cup a competition for micronations located in the British Isles, which also served as a qualifier for the First ever MFA World Cup
Some non-FIFA teams play in other tournaments generally played by FIFA members, including the CONCACAF Gold Cup, Indian Ocean Games, CECAFA Cup, South Pacific Games, Coupes des Caraibes, Shell Caribbean Cup, CFU Championship and many more.
Moreover, many teams, before obtaining FIFA membership, played friendlies and international tournaments - for example Faroe Islands.
Across a discreet number of minor tournaments the only two main international football tournaments for women are the Women's VIVA World Cup and the Island Games. Still does not exists any continental tournament.
A women's football tournament to the Island Games is played from 2001 edition:
Host Nation Year Winners Isle of Man 2001 Faroe Islands Guernsey 2003 Faroe Islands Shetland 2005 Faroe Islands Rhodes 2007 Åland Islands Åland 2009 Åland Islands Isle of Wight 2011 Åland Islands
VIVA World Cup
A women's football tournament to the VIVA World Cup is played from 2008 edition:
Host Nation Year Winners Sápmi 2008 Sápmi Gozo 2010 Padania
A big number of friendlies are played between youth selections with different restrictions (U-21, U-18, or U-16 for example) but still does not exists any international or continental tournaments. Only a little number of minor tournaments are played for youth selections: one of them, and probably one of the most important, is Muratti Vase who is played for U-21, U-18, U-15.
Despite the fact many non-FIFA associations have their own league, there are no international or continental club tournaments.
- Teams not affiliated to FIFA but affiliated to other organizations
- Teams not affiliated to FIFA and to any other organization
- UEFA Regions' Cup
- Non-FIFA FAs and infos on Fedefutbol.net
- Non-FIFA Cups on RSSSF
- Island Games on RSSSF
- UEFA Regions' Cup on RSSSF
International association football Asia Africa North,
South America Oceania Europe Non-FIFA GamesSee also International women's football. Non-FIFA international football tournaments VIVA World Cup Competitors* No longer N.F Board affiliated Unaffiliated football teams competing internationally† Team defunct
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