- Nocturnes, Op. 48 (Chopin)
The Nocturnes, Op. 48 are a set of two nocturnes written by Frédéric Chopin in 1841 and published the following year in 1842. They are the only two nocturnes in opus 48 and are dedicated to Mlle. Laure Duperré. Chopin later sold the copyright for the nocturnes for 2,000 francs along with several other pieces.
Gustav Barth commented that Chopin's nocturnes are definite signs of "progress" in comparison to John Field's original nocturnes, though the improvements are "for the most part only in technique." However, David Dubal feels that the pieces are "more aptly described as ballades in miniature."
Nocturne in C minor, Op. 48, No. 1
The Nocturne in C minor, Op. 48, No. 1 is initially marked lento and is in 4/4 meter. The piece becomes poco più lento at measure 25 and enters its middle section, which is a chorale. Later, it moves to doppio movimento agitato at measure 49. The piece is a total of 77 measures long. In general, the scheme of the music is ternary form and follows A-B-A'.
The Nocturne in C minor has been categorized as one of Chopin's greatest emotional achievements. Theodor Kullak said of the piece, "the design and poetic contents of this nocturne make it the most important one that Chopin created; the chief subject is a masterly expression of a great powerful grief." Jan Kleczyński, Sr. calls the nocturne "broad and most imposing with its powerful intermediate movement, a thorough departure from the nocturne style." Some musical critics, including Charles Willeby and Frederick Niecks, do not think the piece deserves its fame and position; though James Huneker agrees with this assessment, he notes that the nocturne is still "the noblest nocturne of them all." James Friskin found the music to have "the most imposing instrumental effect of any of the nocturnes," calling the crescendo and octaves "almost Lisztian."
Jim Samson notes that the nocturne intensifies "not through ornamentation, but through a new textural background." Kleczytheński commented that the middle section "is the tale of a still greater grief told in an agitated recitando; celestial harps come to bring one ray of hope, which is powerless in its endeavor to calm the wounded soul, which...sends forth to heaven a cry of deepest anguish." The ending, according to Samson, is "in the nature of an elaborated 'feminine ending', articulating the reactive final beat of an amphibrach grouping."
Nocturne in F-sharp minor, Op. 48, No. 2
The Nocturne in F-sharp minor, Op 48, No. 2 is initially marked andantino and is in 4/4 meter. It switches to più lento at measure 57 and returns to the original tempo at measure 101. The piece is a total of 137 measures long.
The piece is not as passionate as the Nocturne in C minor. It is muted and the main theme is not as visible. However, it is not emotionless; the muted main theme only covers the motif. The middle section, più lento, is completely different—the piece modulates between minor to major and increases tempo. Frederick Niecks commented that the middle section "is much finer" and contains "soothing, simple chord progressions." Chopin once noted that the middle section was like a recitative and should be played as if "a tyrant commands, and the other asks for mercy." The recapitulation is cut short by the coda that ends in the tonic major.
- ^ Huneker, James G. (1966). Chopin : the man and his music. New York: Dover Publ.. p. 251. ISBN 048621687X. http://books.google.com/books?id=MPFwo8BrkqQC&printsec=titlepage.
- ^ a b Dubal, David (2004). The art of the piano : its performers, literature, and recordings. Pompton Plains, N.J.: Amadeus Press. p. 461. ISBN 1574670883. http://books.google.com/books?id=8698CZGx1ZQC&printsec=frontcover.
- ^ Lateiner, Jacob; Bruce Brubaker, Jane Gottlieb (2000). Pianist, scholar, connoisseur : essays in honor of Jacob Lateiner. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon Press. p. 23. ISBN 1576470016. http://books.google.com/books?id=YzqjvdoaT84C&printsec=frontcover.
- ^ Pollini, Maurizio. "Maurizio Pollini Plays Chopin's Nocturnes". Deutsche Grammophon. http://www2.deutschegrammophon.com/special/insights.htms?ID=pollini-nocturnes. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- ^ Samson, Jim (1985). The music of Chopin. London ; Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 91. ISBN 0710096887. http://books.google.com/books?id=9rWhvvT336cC&printsec=frontcover.
- ^ a b Woodstra, Chris; Brennan, Gerald; Schrott, Allen (2005). AllMusic Guide to Classical Music. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 287. ISBN 0879308656. http://books.google.com/books?id=n29DHVKhZggC. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- ^ a b c d Dubal (2004), p. 464
- ^ a b Huneker (1966), pp. 262-263
- ^ Huneker (1966), p. 263
- ^ Friskin, James; Irwin Freundlich (1973). Music for the piano; a handbook of concert and teaching material from 1580 to 1952. New York: Dover Publications. p. 106. ISBN 0486229181. http://books.google.com/books?id=humFNAE595QC&printsec=frontcover.
- ^ a b Samson (2005), p. 89
- ^ Huneker (1966), p. 264
- ^ Friskin (1973), pp. 106-107
- Nocturnes, Op. 48: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project.
- Performance of Nocturne Op. 48 No. 1 by Cecile Licad from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format
- Chopin Nocturne YouTube video played by Valentina Igoshina
Nocturnes by Frédéric Chopin
3 Nocturnes, Op. 9 · 3 Nocturnes, Op. 15 · 2 Nocturnes, Op. 27 · 2 Nocturnes, Op. 32 · 2 Nocturnes, Op. 37 · 2 Nocturnes, Op. 48 · 2 Nocturnes, Op. 55 · 2 Nocturnes, Op. 62 · Nocturne in E minor, Op. posth. 72 · Nocturne in C-sharp minor, Op. posth. · Nocturne in C minor, Op. posth.
List of compositions by Frédéric Chopin by musical form
List of compositions by Frédéric Chopin by opus number
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Nocturnes, Op. 37 (Chopin) — Chopin, 1835 The Nocturnes, Op. 37 are a set of two nocturnes written and published by Frédéric Chopin in 1840, though it is thought that the Nocturne in G major, Op. 37, No. 2 was composed in 1839 around the time of his stay with author… … Wikipedia
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Nocturnes, Op. 9 (Chopin) — The opening bars and main theme of No.1. The Nocturnes, Op. 9 are a set of three nocturnes written by Frédéric Chopin between 1830 and 1832 and dedicated to Madame Camille Pleyel. The work was published in 1833. … Wikipedia
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Nocturnes, Op. 62 (Chopin) — Opening bars of Op. 62 No. 1 in B major. The Nocturnes Op. 62 by Frédéric Chopin, published in 1846 and dedicated to Mdlle. R. de Konneritz, include one in B major; the other is in E major. Contents … Wikipedia
Nocturnes Op. 15 (Chopin) — Les Nocturnes opus 15 sont trois nocturnes composés par Frédéric Chopin entre 1831 et 1833. Dédiés à Ferdinand Hiller pianiste et chef d orchestre, ami du compositeur, ils sont publiés à Leipzig, à Londres et à Paris chez Schlesinger. Sommaire 1… … Wikipédia en Français
Nocturnes Op. 27 (Chopin) — Les Nocturnes opus 27 sont deux nocturnes composés en 1835 par Frédéric Chopin. Dédiés à la Comtesse d Apponyi, femme de l ambassadeur d Autriche en France, ils sont publiés à Leipzig, à Londres et à Paris chez Schlesinger. Sommaire 1 Nocturne… … Wikipédia en Français
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