Nikolai Pozdneev


Nikolai Pozdneev
Nikolai Matveevich Pozdneev
Born September 28, 1930(1930-09-28)
Leningrad, USSR
Died June 10, 1978(1978-06-10) (aged 47)
Leningrad, USSR
Nationality Russian
Field Painting
Training Repin Institute of Arts
Movement Realism

Nikolai Matveevich Pozdneev (Russian: Никола́й Матве́евич Поздне́ев; September 28, 1930, Leningrad, USSR - June 10, 1978, Leningrad, USSR) - Soviet Russian painter, living and working in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, regarded as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad school of painting,[1] most famous for his genre and still life paintings.

Contents

Biography

Pozdneev Nikolai Matveevich was born 28 September 1930 in Leningrad. His father taught mathematics at the Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport Engineers.

In 1947 Nikolai Pozdneev goes to Secondary Art School at the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin, which ends in 1950. In the same year he entered at the first course of the painting department of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin. His teachers were Alexander Debler, Elena Tabakova, Andrei Mylnikov, Vladislav Anisovich.

In 1956 Nikolai Pozdneev graduated of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin in Victor Oreshnikov workshop. His graduation work was genre painting named "From the school", dedicated to the theme of childhood in the Soviet art of the end of 1950s[2] (currently in the collection of Pskov Art Gallery).[3] In one year with Pozdneev Institute graduates Engels Kozlov, Yaroslav Krestovsky, Piotr Nazarov, Anatoli Nenartovich, Leonid Fokin, Vsevolod Petrov-Maslakov, Lenina Guley, and other young artists who later became famous Soviet painters and art educators.

Spring day. 1959

Nikolai Pozdneev graduation picture had opened a whole series of his works by late 1950 - early 1960s dedicated of the childhood theme. Among them some of the most known paintings "A Spring day" (1959), "Natasha in baby-carriage" (1960), "A Fall day" (1961).

After graduation Pozdneev paints under contracts with the Leningrad branch of the Art Fund of the Russian Federation. At the same time working creatively, trying his hand at various genres. Since 1956, participates in the exhibition of Leningrad artists. The very first shown his art works brought him from the Academic Dacha attracted the attention of original snapping manner of paint and the special vision of color. He painted genre scenes, portraits in exterior and interior, landscapes, still lifes, sketches from the life. In 1957 Nikolai Pozdneev was admitted to the Leningrad Union of Artists.

All the subsequent bright, brief, and dramatic fate of Nikolai Pozdneev was closely associated with the picturesque surroundings of the Academic Dacha and Tver lands. He had lived and worked in village of Maliy Gorodok in the house of his wife Vera Vasilievna.[4] In the nearby villages lived Nikolai Timkov, Maya Kopitseva, Alexander Romanichev, Vecheslav Zagonek, Anatoli Vasiliev, Anatoli Levitin, Dmitry Maevsky, Vladimir Tokarev, and many other artists from the Leningrad and Moscow.

In 1960s and 1970s life of Nikolai Pozdneev, likes many other artists, clearly divided into two seasons: a city period from a late fall through April, and countryside period from April to November. Life in the city consisted of putting the customer and works to find new art contracts, Art Show, Artists' Union, contacts with friends and neighbours of the city art studio. Summer time at first of all is creativity, paint from the life.

Living and working at the "Academichka" Nikolai Pozdneev not only painted many of his best works, but also formed his unique individual manner by which artist's work has become a phenomenon in the life of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

One can only admire the strength and originality of talent artist through which the young man from a family of urban intellectuals created such profound paintings, clearly expressing poetry and the texture of rural countryside life.

Pictures painted in the late 1950s - the first half of 1960 pushed Pozdneev of the leading painters of Leningrad. Among them such works as "A Spring"[5] (1957), "In the spring",[6] "A Bakery", "Across the river", "Spring sketch"[7] (all 1958), "Mushrooms. Still Life", "A Spring", "Kisharino village",[8] "A Spring day",[9] "In summer at reading"[10] (all 1959), "A Summer", "Natasha in baby-carriage", "Northern Bazaar", "A House at the road",[11] "Grandmother's House"[12] (all 1960), "A Summer",[13] "Already spring", "A Porch",[14] "Autumn day" (all 1961), "Baskets"[15] (1962), "Defoliation"[16] (1963), "Still Life in the grass",[17] "Shelf", "Bullfinchs", "Smoked vobla", "At the lawn", "At the aunt Sasha", "Rowan-tree"[18] (all 1964), and others.

Still life in Grass. 1964

First of all, in paintings of late 1950 - early 1960s Nikolai Pozdneev revealed as a talented colorist, has a rare natural sense of color. His painting style features a powerful broad paint, energetic separate swab and complex texture of painting, original composition and artistry of execution.

But perhaps the main feature of his style it is striking at first glance at his paintings was their original line-up. Nikolai Pozdneev had a rare gift as everyday painter and colorist. It seems all that surrounded him, was at hand, any thing, piece of furniture or household stage, he easily could turn into an original and profound poetic image.

It was the natural state of the artist, that we call a natural gift, talent, and not strained to stand out. In his still lifes, genre scenes Nikolai Pozdneev conveyed a sense of the his time, of simple human relations. His art, like the master himself, was a kind and ingenuous, full of optimism, sometimes ironic, and speaks of the fullness of life.

In 1960-1970s Pozdneev trips to Kandalaksha, the Ural Region, along the banks of Chusovaya River and Vyatka River, working in the houses of artistic creation in Hot Key, Staraya Ladoga, Akademicheakaya Dacha. In 1967 Pozdneev was awarded the Medal of All-Union Art Exhibition, devoted to 50 Anniversary of Soviet state. In the late 1960s and 1970s artist created the works "Before the fishing season",[19] "At the kitchen"[20] (both 1967), "In Art Studio",[21] "Tea Time"[22] (1969), "Still Life with Onions",[23] "Still Life with Vegetables"[24] (1971), "Houses"[25] (1972), "Winter Landscape"[26] (1975), "Barents Sea", "On the hill (weather station)"[27] (both 1977), and others.

Nikolai Matveevich Pozdneev died on June 10, 1978 in Leningrad in an accident at the forty-seventh year of life. His paintings reside in State Russian Museum, in other museums and private collections in Russia, USA, France, Japan, and other countries.

See also

  • Spring Day (painting)
  • Leningrad School of Painting
  • List of Russian artists
  • List of 20th century Russian painters
  • List of painters of Saint Petersburg Union of Artists
  • Saint Petersburg Union of Artists

References

  1. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.- Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. – pp.12, 15, 24, 28, 368, 414-416, 420, 422-423.
  2. ^ Anniversary Directory graduates of Saint Petersburg State Academic Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture named after Ilya Repin, Russian Academy of Arts. 1915 - 2005. - Saint Petersburg: Pervotsvet Publishing House, 2007. p.77.
  3. ^ Pskov art gallery. Soviet Art of 1950-1980s. - Moscow: COPEK, 1992. - p.3-5.
  4. ^ Irina Romanicheva. Academicheskaya Dacha. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1975. - p. 122-126. - p. 156.
  5. ^ 1917 - 1957. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1958. - p.26.
  6. ^ The Soviet Russia. The Republic Exhibition of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Moscow: Soviet Artist, 1960. - p.65.
  7. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1958. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: : Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1959. - p.22.
  8. ^ Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1961. - p.33.
  9. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.- Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. – p.201.
  10. ^ Painting of 1940-1990s. The Leningrad School. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1996. - p.6.
  11. ^ Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1963. - p.33.
  12. ^ Paintings of 1950-1980s by the Leningrad School's artists. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Union of artists, 1994. - p.6.
  13. ^ The Fine Arts of Leningrad. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1976. - p.27.
  14. ^ Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1961. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. - p.32.
  15. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1962. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: : Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1962. - p.22.
  16. ^ Spring Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1965. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1970. - p.25.
  17. ^ Still-Life in painting of 1940-1990s. The Leningrad School. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1997. - p.6.
  18. ^ The Leningrad Fine Arts Exhibition. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. - p.42.
  19. ^ Soviet Russia. The Third Republic Art Show of 1967. Catalogue. - Moscow: Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, 1967. - p.44.
  20. ^ * Irina Romanycheva. Academic Dacha. The History and traditions. - Saint Petersburg: Petropol Edition, 2009. - p.81.
  21. ^ The Still-life. Leningrad Artists's Art Show of 1973. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1973. - p.12.
  22. ^ Our Contemporary. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1973. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1973. - p.11.
  23. ^ Our Contemporary. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1973. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1973. - p.11.
  24. ^ Our Contemporary. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1971. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1972. - p.18.
  25. ^ Across the Motherland Exhibition of Leningrad artists. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1974. - p.21.
  26. ^ Our Contemporary. Regional Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1975. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1980. - p.22.
  27. ^ Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of October Revolution. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1982. - p.19.

Gallery

Principal Exhibitions

Bibliography

  • 1917 - 1957. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1958. - p. 26.
  • All-Union Art Exhibition of 1957 dedicated to the 40th Anniversary of October Revolution. Catalogue. - Moscow: Soviet artist, 1957. - p. 60.
  • Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1958. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: : Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1959. - p. 22.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1963. - p. 33.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1961. - p. 33.
  • The Soviet Russia. The Republic Exhibition of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. - Moscow: Soviet Artist, 1960. - p. 65.
  • Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1962. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: : Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1962. - p. 22.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1961. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. - p. 32.
  • The Leningrad Fine Arts Exhibition. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. - p. 42.
  • Spring Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1965. Exhibition Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1970. - p. 25.
  • Soviet Russia. The Third Republic Art Show of 1967. Catalogue. - Moscow: Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, 1967. - p. 44.
  • Our Contemporary. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1971. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1972. - p. 18.
  • Our Contemporary. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1973. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1973. - p. 11.
  • Across the Motherland Exhibition of Leningrad artists. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1974. - p. 21.
  • Russian Federation Artists's Art works grant to Museums and Culture Institutions (1963–1971). Official Catalogue. - Moscow: Union of Artists of Russian Federation, 1972. - p. 82.
  • The Still-life. Leningrad Artists's Art Show of 1973. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1973. - p. 12.
  • Irina Romanycheva. Academic Dacha. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1975. - p. 122–126.
  • Our Contemporary. Regional Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1975. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1980. - p. 22.
  • The Fine Arts of Leningrad. Exhibition catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1976. - p. 27.
  • Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of October Revolution. Catalogue. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1982. - p. 19.
  • Directory of Members of the Union of Artists of USSR. Volume 2.- Moscow: Soviet artist, 1979. - p. 216.
  • Paintings of 1950-1980s by the Leningrad School's artists. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Union of artists, 1994. - p. 6.
  • Etudes done from nature by the Leningrad School's artists. Exhibition catalogue - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1994. - p. 6.
  • Lyrical motives in the works of artists of the war generation. Painting, drawings. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1995. - p. 6.
  • Painting of 1940-1990s. The Leningrad School. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1996. - p. 6.
  • Still-Life in painting of 1940-1990s. The Leningrad School. Exhibition catalogue. - Saint Petersburg: Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial museum, 1997. - p. 6.
  • Pskov art gallery. Soviet Art of 1950-1980s. - Moscow: COPEK, 1992. - p. 3-5.
  • Matthew C. Bown. Dictionary of 20th Century Russian and Soviet Painters 1900-1980s. - London: Izomar, 1998. ISBN 0953206106, ISBN 978-0953206100.
  • Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.- Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. – p. 12, 15, 24, 28, 368, 414-416, 420, 422-423. ISBN 5-901724-21-6, ISBN 978-5-901724-21-7.

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