The Entrance, New South Wales


The Entrance, New South Wales

Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = The Entrance
city = Central Coast
state = nsw



caption = Pelican feeding at The Entrance
lga = Wyong Shire
postcode = 2261
pop = 2632 (2006 census)
area = 1.4
est =
parish = Tuggerah
stategov = The Entrance
fedgov = Dobell
dist1 = 16
dir1 = SE
location1= Wyong
dist2 = 23
dir2 = NE
location2= Gosford
near-nw = "Tuggerah Lake"
near-n =
near-ne = The Entrance North
near-w = "Tuggerah Lake"
near-e = "Pacific Ocean"
near-sw = Long Jetty
near-s = Long Jetty
near-se = Blue Bay

The Entrance is a district centre and town of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. It is part of the Wyong Shire local government area.

The town occupies an area of land that is bounded by water on three sides. The Entrance gains it name from the channel that runs along much of its northern border that is "the entrance" to The Tuggerah Lakes. The Entrance has been a very popular holiday destination for many people since the first guest house was established in 1885.cite web | title=the-entrance-waldorf.com.au | work=Waldorf Apartment Hotel: The Entrance | url=http://www.the-entrance-waldorf.com.au/theentrance.html | accessdate=2006-09-11] The area is currently experiencing enormous growth as a result of small holiday cottages that dominated The Entrance for most of the 20th century being replaced by multi-storey apartment blocks.

History

ettlements at the entrance

Although the area was previously inhabited by the Darkinjung people, the local Indigenous Australians, it is believed Europeans first discovered it in 1796. It was found by Governor of Tasmania, Colonel David Collins, who had arrived on the First Fleet during the search for an escaped convict woman, Mary Morgan, who was said to be living with the Aborigines to the North of the Hawkesbury River.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Who Found Tuggerah Lake? | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/who_found.html | accessdate=2006-07-18]

The area now known as The Entrance was occupied by Henry Holden in 1828. He occupied convert|640|acre|ha|0 and was bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the eastern side, Tuggerah Lake on the northern and western sides and extended all the way to the current Toowoon Bay Road. Holden named the property "Towoon". In 1835 the deeds were issued to John Edye Manning and he sold the land for £200 to Thomas Cade Battley who renamed the property "Terilbah". [Pratt, Eileen (1978) "Place Names of the Central Coast". Brisbane Water Historical Society and The Entrance and District Society. p49]

In 1850, ownership was transferred to the Taylor Family and it was referred to as "Tuggerah Beach". The land remained privately owned until about 1900 when it was divided up among the twelve children of Richard Brown Taylor and Norberta Maria Gertrude (nee Watkins). The Taylors donated land to the Roman Catholic Church, The Church of England and The Entrance Public School.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=The Taylors Come To Town | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/taylors.html | accessdate=2006-07-25] Many streets in the area are named after them including Taylor Street, Richard Street, Norberta Street and Victoria Street.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Sign Posts To History | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/sign_posts.html | accessmonthday=22 August | accessyear=2006]

On 15 December 1910, "Karagi" Receiving Office was opened. Karagi, meaning "the entrance", was the Aboriginal name for the point on the south bank of the channel at the Pacific Ocean, a name which has since been officially adopted. On 1 June 1911, Karagi Receiving Office was designated a Post Office. The name Karagi was not popular locally and on 15 November 1911, the English interpretation was adopted.cite web | title=gnb.nsw.gov.au | work=Geographical Names Register Extract: The Entrance | url=http://www.gnb.nsw.gov.au/name_search/extract?id=TRQlWytLJP | accessdate=2006-07-24]

Growth

In 1889 the railway line was completed from Sydney to Newcastlecite web | title=ahc.gov.au | work=Australian Heritage Council - Australia's Transport and Communications 1788-1970 (Chapter 5: The Railway Age, 1874-1970) | url=http://www.ahc.gov.au/publications/linking-nation/chapter-5.html#new | accessmonthday=4 October |accessyear=2006] and tourism began to develop in the area during the late 19th century following the construction of several guest houses. The first guest house in the area was built at The Entrance North by Mr and Mrs Walter Denniss in 1885 and was called "Dunleith Guest House". "Bayview Guest House" was the first to be opened in the Entrance and was opened in 1900 [Stinson, Edward. "A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 1" 1979. Wyong Shire Council. ISBN 0-9595599-0-6. Page 142.] by Mr and Mrs Dening (nee Taylor). "Pinehurst Guest House" was another that was constructed in 1903 by Les Taylor and was by far the largest at that time. By 1912, members of the Taylor family were operating four guest houses at The Entrance.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Tourism | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/tourism.html | accessdate=2006-08-21]

In March 1920, 200 parcels of land were auctioned after it had become clear that the land in the township needed to be subdivided. Each block of land averaged a selling price of £60 to £80, although some blocks closer to the water sold for as much as £200. Immediately holiday houses began to be built rapidly. It also resulted in a total of 15 guest houses operating soon after, including "Lakeside" built by Rene Johnson (nee Taylor) that was the most exclusive. Although competition was fierce, the guesthouses had high occupancy rates in the booming times.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Holiday Cottages | url=http://www.theentrance.org/history/cottages.html | accessdate=2006-08-21] Bayview Avenue and Ozone Street are both named after guest houses that were located at The Entrance.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Sign Posts To History | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/sign_posts.html | accessdate=2006-09-12]

Despite the growth, the area was still isolated and access was restricted to a wagon on the bush track from Gosford or by a ferry from Wyong. The area was popular among fishermen and prior to 1908 the majority of boats that travelled to The Entrance used "Tuggerah Jetty", the remains of which, still exists on the shore of Tuggerah Lake between the entrances to Wyong River and Ourimbah Creek. When Wyong River was dredged in 1908, the boats would take their catch into Wyong. The construction of "Wyong Wharf" allowed greater access to The Entrance and the demand for ferry transport boomed. Numerous operators took advantage of the demand and ferry's such as "Wyong", "Waiwera", "Loongana" and "Maheno" were making regular journeys across Tuggerah Lake. In 1922, the bush track to Wyong was opened as a road. By the end of the nineteen-twenties the ferry's were rendered obsolete by buses that could reach The Entrance quickly and cheaply. [Stinson, Edward. "A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 1" 1979. Wyong Shire Council. ISBN 0-9595599-0-6. Page 29.]

The Entrance Bridge links The Entrance with The Entrance North over The Entrance Channel as part of Wilfred Barrett Drive. It was originally a wooden single lane bridge with bypass bays that allowed traffic travelling in the opposite direction to pass.cite web | title=wyong.nsw.gov.au | work=Historical Sites | url=http://www.wyong.nsw.gov.au/wyongshire/historical_sites.html | accessdate=2006-08-22] It was opened in 1934. The original bridge was adequate until 1965 as it only served traffic travelling as far as The Entrance North. By the end of 1965 the traffic flow over the old bridge at The Entrance increased to such an extent the structure was under constant repair.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Crossing Tuggerah Lake: The Bridge | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/tent_city.html | accessdate=2006-07-02] Work began on the current two lane, concrete structure on 17 July 1967 after a successful tender by Transbridge Pty Ltd. The bridge was opened to traffic on 20 December 1968 and officially opened by the Premier of New South Wales, the Hon. Robert Askin on 18 April 1969. [Pry, Kathryn. Fenton, Joan. "History of Wyong Shire: 1947-1997" 1997. Wyong Shire Council. ISBN 0-9587443-0-0. Page 113-114.]

The Entrance Cinema is another well-known icon. It is located on the corner of The Entrance Road and Bayview Mall. The cinema was opened as The Prince Edward Theatre in 1934 and was immediately popular due to the fire that burnt the other cinema in The Entrance, the Wintergarden Theatre in the same year. The Prince Edward Theatre closed in 1977 but was reopened in 1981 when it was purchased and converted into a smaller cinema. A second screen was added in 1988. [Pry, Kathryn. Fenton, Joan. "History of Wyong Shire: 1947-1997" 1997. Wyong Shire Council. ISBN 0-9587443-0-0. Page 221.] The cinema achieved notoriety in 2006 when it refused to screen the film, The Da Vinci Code as it was contrary to the owner's beliefs.cite web | title=abc.net.au | work=Da Vinci Code Banned Already | url=http://www.abc.net.au/sydney/stories/s1645061.htm | accessdate=2006-07-04]

In 1999, The Entrance waterfront was named 'The Pelican Capital of Australia' by Wyong Council to coincide with the opening of a pelican feeding platform as part of the waterfront redevelopment. The daily feeding of the pelicans at 3.30 pm daily has been a regular event at The Entrance for around 20 years since an employee at Clifford's fish shop Peter Major started giving them his scraps during his lunch break. The daily practice attracts 20,000 visitors annually. The Entrance is the perfect place for fishing. There are many species of fish that can be found in the area such as whiting, flathead, bream, and blackfish. The prawnisi also come with the scoonie cite news | first = Paul | last = Callaghan | title = Why these tourism stars deserve tough love | work = The Central Coast Sun Weekly | publisher = Newcastle Newspapers | pages = 1-2 | date = 2 November, 2006 | language = English]

Politics

The Entrance is located within the federal Division of Dobell. Dobell was originally a fairly safe seat for the Australian Labor Party but was won by the Liberal Party in the 2001 election. The Liberals consolidated their hold on the seat at the 2004 election, but was lost to them in the 2007 election, going back to Labor.

In the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, The Entrance is part of the Electoral district of The Entrance. The electorate is considered a marginal seat for the Labor Party who have held the seat since 1992. It is represented by Grant McBride.

Polling statistics are shown to the right for the Dobell in the 2003 NSW and 2004 Federal elections.

Town amenities

The Entrance Town Centre is located on The Entrance Road, extending from Dening Street (named after the original owners of Bayview Guest House.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Shopping | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/history/sign_posts.html | accessdate=2006-09-12] ) to The Entrance Bridge.cite web | title=theentrancetcm.com.au | work=Sign Posts To History | url=http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/attractions/shopping.html | accessdate=2006-09-12] Lakeside Shopping Centre (locally called by its former name Lakeside Plaza) is located on the corner of The Entrance Road and Dening Street. It contains a Coles supermarket, bakery, pharmacy, Greater Building Society, Medicare, newsagent as well as several specialty stores. The main street of the town (The Entrance Road) has approximately 200 shops and services. These include branches of Commonwealth, Westpac, ANZ banks. Legal, medical and political offices are also located on the main street. At the bottom of the main street the stores focus on the needs of tourists with fashion, fishing equipment and restaurants.The Entrance is serviced by Red Bus Services, and the town is the major terminus, with several routes terminating and beginning in Torrens Avenue. Bus numbers 21, 22 and 23 all run an identical route through the town via Torrens Avenue, Fairview Avenue and The Entrance Road on the way to Gosford. Bus numbers 24, 25, 26 and run an identical route through the suburb via Torrens Avenue, Fairview Avenue, The Entrance Road, Warrigal Street, Boondilla Road and Bay Road on the way to Wyong. In addition to this bus number 29 travels along The Entrance Road, Fairview Avenue, Torrens Avenue and Wilfred Barrett Drive on its way to Wyong Hospital from Stockland Bay Village. Generally, Red Bus Services run every 30 to 60 minutes from 5am to 12am.cite web | title=redbus.com.au | work=Bus Route Index | url=http://www.redbus.com.au/busrouteindex.htm | accessdate=2006-09-12]

Mardi Gras

To celebrate the start of the summer tourist season, on the first full weekend in December The Entrance holds its annual Mardi Gras festival. The first Mardi Gras was held in 1950. Mardi Gras is the major event of the town and district for the year. The festival is named Mardi Gras after the spirit of the carnevals and Mardi Gras of Europe. The event contains a number of events including fun runs, concerts, fire works and displays. The highlight is the parade. This contains numerous floats from local organisations. The parade starts in Long Jetty and proceeds along The Entrance Road to the Memorial Park being cheered by locals and tourists along the way. In the past local children clamoured to collect 'freebies' (merchandise and sweets) thrown off the floats. A Mardi Gras Queen, Prince and Princess is crowned as part of the festival.

Notes

References


*cite book
author = Edward Stinson
year = 1980
month = September
title = A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 2
publisher = Wyong Shire
id = ISBN 0-9595599-1-4

*cite book
author = Edward Stinson
year = 1994
title = A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 3 (second edition)
publisher = Wyong Shire
id = ISBN 0-9595599-3-0

*cite book
author = Edward Stinson
year = 1983
month = May
title = A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 4
publisher = Wyong Shire
id = ISBN 0-9595599-4-9

*cite book
author = Edward Stinson
year = 1984
month = October
title = A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 5
publisher = Wyong Shire
id = ISBN 0-9595599-5-7

*cite book
author = Edward Stinson
year = 1988
month = April
title = A Pictorial History of the Wyong Shire: Volume 6
publisher = Wyong Shire
id = ISBN 0-9599520-2-0

External links

* [http://www.theentrancetcm.com.au/ The Entrance Town Centre Management]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Entrance, New South Wales — The Geographical Names Board of New South Wales designates New Entrance as a River Mouth and describes it as “The mouth of the Macleay River where it enters the Pacific Ocean about 2 km NW of South West Rocks.” The name was acquired in 1893 when… …   Wikipedia

  • The Gap, New South Wales — The Gap is an ocean cliff, in eastern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located in the eastern suburb of Watsons Bay, near South Head.The Gap is also a suicide location of some notoriety, with a reported 50 suicides… …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales state election, 2011 — 2007 ← 26 March 2011 → 2015 …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales Police Academy — Truth Integrity Knowledge Location Goulburn, New South Wales …   Wikipedia

  • South West Rocks, New South Wales — South West Rocks New South Wales South West Rocks …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales Government Architect — The New South Wales Government Architect is an officer of the New South Wales government. Historically, the government architect was in charge of the state government s public building projects. Today, the Government Architect continues to serve… …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales state election, 1995 — 1991 ← 25 March 1995 (1995 03 25) …   Wikipedia

  • New South Wales Legislative Assembly electoral districts — The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is elected from 93 single member electorates called districts. Current districts This is a list of districts for the 2007 general election.* Albury * Auburn * Ballina * Balmain (1880 1894: Balmain; 1894… …   Wikipedia

  • The Entrance North, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = The Entrance North city = Central Coast state = nsw caption = lga = Wyong Shire postcode = 2261 pop = 1106 (2006 census) area = 1 est = parish = Wallarah stategov = The Entrance fedgov = Dobell… …   Wikipedia

  • Tweed River (New South Wales) — The Tweed River is a short river on the north coast of New South Wales, Australia. Its drainage basin consists mostly of the erosion caldera of the Tweed Volcano, a huge extinct volcano of which Mount Warning is the volcanic plug. The branches of …   Wikipedia