- Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine
Nicole Duchess of Lorraine
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Spouse Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine Full name Nicole de Lorraine House House of Lorraine Father Henry II, Duke of Lorraine Mother Margerita Gonzaga Born 3 October 1608
Died 2 February 1657(aged 48)
Nicole de Lorraine (3 October 1608 – 2 February 1657) was Duchess of Lorraine and Bar from 1 August 1624 to 21 November 1625, and Duchess consort in 1625–1634. She was born in Nancy, the daughter of Henry II, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, and Margerita Gonzaga. She died in Paris.
Her father had no son and wanted to leave the Duchy of Lorraine to Nicole, but a supposed testament by René II of Lorraine specified that the duchy could not bypass the male lineage. After negotiations with the male heirs, she married Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, the eldest son of Francis, Count of Vaudémont on 23 May 1621. They had no children.
Duchess of Lorraine
His situation was complicated by the death of Henry II, 31 July 1624. She thereby became duchess of Lorraine. In November 1625, Francis, Count of Vaudémont, based on the "testament" of Rene II, claimed the duchy. The States-General of Lorraine felt it a legitimate request and Francis became Duke on 21 November 1625. Five days later, he abdicated in favor of his son, who became Duke Charles IV of Lorraine. The latter had managed to remove his wife's power and become Duke in his own right.
Married by dynastic interest, the gap between Nicole and her husband grew with the events of 1625. Wishing to leave his wife, Charles tried in 1631 to have his marriage annulled by passing the death penalty - without proof - for witchcraft on Melchior of the Valley, the priest who had performed their marriage ceremony. But that injustice was not corroborated by The Church and Charles IV remained officially married to Nicole.
In 1635, Charles took the opportunity to get rid of his wife's authority, the false pretext that he had not been free to choose at the time of his marriage but did not persuade the papacy to annul the marriage.
Nicole spent the last years of her life in Paris, where she died.
Regnal titles Preceded by
Duchess of Lorraine
French nobility Preceded by
Christina of Salm
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Claude Françoise de Lorraine
Princesses of Lorraine The generations start from the children of Réné II 1st GenerationPrincess Anne* · Princess Isabelle* · Princess Claude* · Princess Catherine* 2nd GenerationAnne, Princess of Orange · Princess Élisabeth 3rd GenerationReneta, Duchess of Bavaria · Dorothea, Duchess of Calenberg* · Princess Marguerite · Princess Catherine · Princess Marguerite · Princess Christine · Princess Louise · Marie, Queen of Scotland · Princess Louise · Renée, Abbess of St. Pierre · Antoinette, Abbess of Faremoutier · Louise, Queen of France* 4th GenerationChristine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany · Antoinette, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.* · Princess Anne* · Catherine, Duchess of Nevers · Élisabeth, Electress Palatine · Princess Claude* · Françoise, Duchess of Vendôme · Catherine, Abbess of Remiremont* · Princess Catherine* · Princess Marie* · Princess Christine* · Princess Renée* · Princess Jeanne* · Louise Marguerite, Princess of Conti* 5th Generation 6th GenerationPrincess Marie Anne* · Princess Anne Eléonore* · Anne Marie Thérèse, Abbess of Remiremont* · Princess Anne Marie* · Princess Catherine Henriette* · Béatrice Hiéronyme, Abbess of Remiremont* · Élisabeth, Princess of Epinoy* · Marie, Princess of Monaco · Charlotte, Mademoiselle d'Armagnac · Marguerite, Duchess of Cadaval · Anne Élisabeth, Princess of Vaudémont · Marie Eléonore, Abbess of Saint Jacques · Marie Françoise, Abbess of Saint Germaine · Suzanne Henriette, Duchess of Mantua · Louise Anne, Princess of Navailles 7th GenerationPrincess Eléonore* 8th GenerationÉlisabeth Charlotte, Abbess of Remiremont* · Princess Louise Christine* · Princess Marie Gabrièle* · Princess Joséphine Gabrièle* · Princess Gabrièle Louise* · Princess Eléonore* · Élisabeth Thérèse, Queen of Sardinia* · Anne Charlotte, Abbess of Remiremont* · Louise Henriette Françoise, Duchess of Bouillon · Élisabeth Sophie, Duchess of Richelieu · Louise, Duchess of Bouillon 9th GenerationJoséphine, Princess of Carignan · Anne Charlotte, Abbess of Remiremont*
- died without issue
The generations start from the children of Réné II 1st GenerationRenée de Bourbon · Antoinette de Bourbon · Louise de Brézé 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th GenerationPrincess Catherine of Navarre · Margherita Gonzaga · Christina of Salm · Catherine Henriette de Bourbon, Légitimée de France · Marguerite Philippe du Cambout · Marie de Rohan · Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse 5th GenerationNicole de Lorraine* · Béatrice de Cusance · Claude Françoise de Lorraine* · Anne Élisabeth de Lannoy · Élisabeth de La Tour d'Auvergne · · Françoise de Montault de Navailles · Anne d'Ornano · Christine d'Estrées · Anne de Lorraine* · Catherine de Neufville · Catherine de Goyon de Matignon · Marie Madeleine d'Epinay · Françoise Adélaide de Noailles · Marie Françoise de Valois 6th GenerationEleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland · Princess Anne Élisabeth de Lorraine* · Charlotte de Rochechouart de Mortemart · Marie Therese de Stramboni · Innocentia Catherine du Plessis · Marie Françoise de Brancas · Marie Louise Jeannin de Castille · Élisabeth de Roquelaure · Anne Marguerite Gabrielle de Beauvau · Jeanne Henriette Marguerite de Durfort · Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans 7th GenerationÉlisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans · Hélène Julie Rosalie Mancini · Louise Charlotte de Gramont · Auguste de Coëtquen · Louise de Rohan 8th Generation
- also a princess of Lorraine in her own right
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