Baka language

Baka language
Spoken in Cameroon Cameroon
Gabon Gabon
Ethnicity Baka people
Native speakers 54,000  (1998–2007)
Language family
  • Sere–Mba
Language codes
ISO 639-3 variously:
bkc – Baka
gdi – Gundi (Ngundi)
gnz – Ganzi
bme – Massa (Limassa)

Baka (also called Be-bayaga, Be-bayaka, and Bibaya de L’est) is a dialect cluster of Ubangian languages spoken by the Baka Pygmies of Cameroon and Gabon. The people are ethnically close to the Aka, the two together called the Mbenga (Bambenga), but the languages are not related apart from some vocabulary dealing with the forest economy, which suggests the Aka may have shifted to Bantu from a language like Baka about 1500 CE.

Some 30% of Baka vocabulary is not Ubangian. Much of this concerns a specialized forest economy, such as words for edible plants, medicinal plants, and honey collecting, and has been posited as the remnant of an ancestral Pygmy language which has otherwise vanished.[1] However, apart from some words shared with the Aka, there is no evidence for a wider linguistic affiliation with any of the other Pygmy peoples.[2]

It is unclear if three minor varieties are mutually intelligible with Baka proper. They are Gundi (Ngundi), Ganzi, and Massa (Limassa). Most Massa have shifted to Gundi, which is spoken by 9,000 people.


  1. ^ Serge Bahuchet, 1993, History of the inhabitants of the central African rain forest: perspectives from comparative linguistics. In C.M. Hladik, ed., Tropical forests, people, and food: Biocultural interactions and applications to development. Paris: Unesco/Parthenon.
  2. ^ Blench (in press)

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baka (Sprache) — Baka Gesprochen in Kamerun Gabun Sprecher 43.000 Linguistische Klassifikation Ubangische Sprachen Sere–Mba Ngbaka West Baka–Gundi Baka (Sprache) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baka to Test to Shoukanjuu — バカとテストと召喚獣 Жанр романтическая комедия …   Википедия

  • Baka (Cameroon and Gabon) — ethnic group group=Baka poptime=5,000 to 30,000 popplace=Central Africa, Cameroon, and Gabon langs=Baka, Koozime, French related=Aka, Mbuti rels=Animism The Baka, also known as Bebayaka, Bebayaga, Bibaya, or Babinga, are an ethnic group… …   Wikipedia

  • Baka — Original name in latin Baka Name in other language Baka State code PH Continent/City Asia/Manila longitude 7.27611 latitude 124.26417 altitude 20 Population 2404 Date 2012 02 01 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Baka-Nswazwi — Ba ka Nswazwi are originally Bapedi of Mujaji (Rain Queen). They are found in Tutume, Nswazwi, Marapong, Masunga and Nkange in Botswana. They have been assimilated over the years into Kalanga (Bakalanga) culture and lost their language. They were …   Wikipedia

  • Baka al-Gharbiyye — 32.42032735.0421817Koordinaten: 32° 25′ N, 35° 3′ O Baqa al Gharbiyye (arabisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baka (Cameroon) — ISO 639 3 Code : bkc ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Baka (Sudan) — ISO 639 3 Code : bdh ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Mbaka language — Not to be confused with Ngbaka language. M baka Ngbaka Ma bo Spoken in CAR, Republic of Congo Ethnicity M Baka Native speakers 200,000  (1996–2000) …   Wikipedia

  • Iban language — language name=Iban nativename= states=Malaysia region=Borneo speakers=400,000 familycolor=Austronesian fam2=Malayo Polynesian (MP) fam3=Nuclear MP fam4=Sunda Sulawesi fam5=Malayic fam6=Ibanic (Malayic Dayak) fam7=Ibanic proper iso2=iba… …   Wikipedia