The Apadana ( _fa. آپادانا) is the name of the great audience hall at Persepolis. It belongs to the oldest building phase of the city, built during the first half of the 5th century BC as part of the original design by Darius the Great, its construction completed by Xerxes I.

Old Persian "apadāna" "palace", rendered in Elamite "ha-ha-da-na" and in Babylonian, "ap-pa-da-an" is etymologically ambiguous. It has been compared to Sanskrit "apa-dhā" "concealment", Greek "apo-thēkē" "storehouse". The word survives in several languages as a loan, including Arabic "fadan", Armenian "aparan-kh" "palace".


The Apadana covered an area of 112,000 square meters, its roof supported by 72 columns, each standing 20m tall (1.5 metres or 4.9 feet higher than the columns at the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus). The entire hall was destroyed in 331 BC by the army of Alexander the Great, leaving only a single column standing. The stone of the columns was used as building material for nearby settlements, but after reconstruction work in the 20th century, 14 are again erect.


Access to the hall is given by two monumental stairways, on the north and on the east. These are decorated by reliefs, showing delegates of the 23 subject nations of the Persian Empire paying tribute to Darius I, who is represented seated centrally. The various delegates are shown in great detail, giving insight into the costume and equipment of the various peoples of Persia in the 5th century BC. There are inscriptions in Old Persian and Elamite.


See also

*Naqsh-e Rustam
*Taq-e Bostan

External links

* [http://www.iranica.com/articles/search/searchpdf.isc?ReqStrPDFPath=/home1/iranica/articles/v2_articles/apadana&OptStrLogFile=/home/iranica/public_html/logs/pdfdownload.html Encyclopedia Iranica] (PDF)
* A virtual reconstruction of Apadana: [http://www.persepolis3d.com/control_structures/apadana.htm persepolis3D]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Apadana — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Imagen de la apadana del palacio de Persépolis. Una apadana (آپادانا en persa) era una sala hipóstila de audienciasen los palacios de los antiguos reyes persas. Las tres grandes apadanas persas son las de los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • apadana — APADÁNA s.f. Sala tronului în palatele regilor persani. [< fr. apadâna]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 03.11.2004. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • apadană — APADÁNĂ s. f. sala tronului în palatele regilor persani. (< fr. apadâna) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • apadana — apadána ž DEFINICIJA pov. arhit. prijestolna dvorana u dvorovima staroperzijskih kraljeva i careva dinastije Ahemenida ETIMOLOGIJA perz. apadāna …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • apadana — ● apadana nom féminin Salle du trône de plan carré dans les palais des rois achéménides, à la toiture supportée par une multitude de colonnes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Apadana — Rekonstruktion durch Charles Chipiez, 1884 Apadana ist ein altpersischer Begriff mit der Bedeutung „Palast“, vgl. Sanskrit apa dhā, „Versteck, Verschluss“, Griechisch apo theke. Im engeren Sinne bezeichnet es einen freistehenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apadāna — The Apadāna is a collection of biographical stories found in the Khuddaka Nikaya of the Pāli Canon, the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism. It is thought by most scholars to be a late addition to the canon, composed during the 1st and 2nd century… …   Wikipedia

  • Apadana — 29° 56′ 06″ N 52° 53′ 24″ E / 29.935, 52.89 Sur les autr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • apadana — noun the great hall in ancient Persian palaces • Hypernyms: ↑great hall * * * ˌapəˈdänə, ˌäp noun ( s) Etymology: Old Persian apadāna palace, from apa away + dāna container, receptacle, from dāto put, make, create; akin to Avestan & Sanskrit …   Useful english dictionary

  • Apadāna — ▪ Buddhist text (Pāli:“Stories”),       collection of legends about Buddhist saints, one of the latest books in the latest section (the Khuddaka Nikāya) of the Sutta Piṭaka (“Basket of Discourse”) of the Pāli canon. This work, which is entirely… …   Universalium

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»