New World Pictures


New World Pictures
New World Pictures
Fate acquired by News Corporation
Founded July 8, 1970
Defunct January 22, 1997
Headquarters USA
Key people Roger Corman
Products movies
television

New World Pictures (later called New World Entertainment and then New World Communications) was an independent motion picture and television production company, and later television station owner in the United States from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s. News Corporation became a major investor in 1994 and purchased the company outright in 1997; the alliance with News Corporation helped to cement the Fox network as the fourth major U.S. television network.

Although effectively defunct, it, along with various regional subsidiaries (i.e. "New World Communications of Tampa"), continues to exist as holding companies within the complex News Corporation corporate structure.

Contents

History

New World Pictures (1970-1987)

In 1970, the company was founded as New World Pictures, Ltd., by B-movie legend Roger Corman. At the time, New World was the last remaining national low budget film distributor. Corman sold the company in 1983 to Larry Kupin, Harry E. Sloan, and Larry A. Thompson, who took the company public. Corman retained the film library while New World acquired home-video rights. Later that year, Thompson left the company to form his own firm.[1] The company created, in 1984, three new divisions: New World International, Distribution of New World content outside the United States; New World Television, Television program production unit (its first output was the soap opera Santa Barbara and the made-for-TV movie Playing With Fire) and New World Video - Home video distributor for mainly New World Pictures output. New World acquired in 1986 Highgate Pictures, Learning Corporation of America, and Marvel Comics.[2] In May 1986, New World acquired Lion's Gate Studios, a post-production facility for $4.4 million. By Early 1987, the company sold its Taft Broadcasting shares for $17.8 million.[1]

New World Entertainment (1987-1993)

New World Pictures in 1987 changes its name to New World Entertainment to better reflect the company's other subsidiaries besides the film studio; including its purchase of Marvel Comics. Also that year New World almost bought two toy companies, Kenner and Mattel, but both planned acquisitions never materialized. In the Fall of 1987, New World became the third in the list of prime-time series producers to the network after Lorimar Telepictures and MCA. In 1988 New World also faced a lawsuit from Michael Mann, executive producer of "Crime Story," a second season hourlong show.[1] New World faces a major financial slump and the company began to restructure; first, the Marvel Entertainment Group was sold to financier Ronald Perelman's Andrews Group, in 1989 then New World Entertainment was subsequently acquired by Perelman later in the year. Four Star Television, which Perelman had previously acquired, became a unit of New World.[3] The New World Pictures and New World Video divisions shut down at the end of 1989. Highgate Pictures and Learning Corporation of America were shut down in 1990. October 7, 1991, New World sold its television division and much of its non-Marvel program library to Sony Pictures Entertainment; Sony used the acquisition to reactivate TriStar Television. Some television programming such as Santa Barbara and The Wonder Years would continue on by New World until their cancellations in 1993 and would not re-enter production of new network television programs until early 1995.

In 1992, Perelman acquired bankrupt television station group SCI Television from George Gillett.[3] Following Marvel Entertainment Group's (MEG) ToyBiz deal in 1993, Avi Arad of ToyBiz, was named President and CEO of Marvel Films division and of New World Family Filmworks, Inc., a New World Entertainment subsidiary. New World was MEG former parent corporation and later a fellow subsidiary of the Andrews Group.[4]Marvel Productions became New World Animation by 1993 as Marvel and New World start up Marvel Films including Marvel Films Animation.[4][5][6][7]

New World Communications (1993-1997)

In 1993, New World Entertainment purchased stakes in program distributor Genesis Entertainment and infomercial producer Guthy-Renker.[3] Later that year, GCI Broadcast Services, Inc. (formerly known as Gillett Communications, and previously Storer Broadcasting) was folded into New World, and the company changed its name to New World Communications. The television station group was originally composed of:

A number of major deals involved New World in 1994, including one which would change the face of American broadcasting. The year began with the acquisition of Argyle Television (formerly Times-Mirror Broadcasting, and partially related to Argyle Television Holdings II, which merged with Hearst Broadcasting to form Hearst-Argyle Television in 1997). Argyle's stations included:

A month later, New World acquired four stations from Citicasters (formerly known as Taft Broadcasting):

Because of Federal Communications Commission ownership rules at the time, New World decided to acquire WBRC and WGHP and then place them in a trust at the end of March 1995 for sale to another company. That company would eventually be the News Corporation, who purchased the two stations in Summer 1995 and closed on the purchase on January 17, 1996. Meanwhile, the transfer/assignment applications of the Argyle stations were not filed with the FCC until some time after New World had already completed its purchases of the four Citicasters stations on September 9 and October 12, 1994. New World took control of the Argyle stations on January 19, 1995 through time brokerage agreements, and after WBRC and WGHP were placed in a trust, New World completed the acquisition of the Argyle stations on April 14, 1995.

Less than a month after the Citicasters acquisition announcement, and in the wake of Fox's acquisition of the rights to National Football League games (announced some time earlier), News Corporation (Fox's parent company) made a deal with New World which moved the Fox affiliations to most of New World's stations.

Three New World stations were not included in the Fox deal. In Boston, where New World owned WSBK-TV, Fox was already affiliated with WFXT, a station it would later reacquire. In Birmingham, WVTM was not included because WBRC would be sold to Fox directly, and would switch to Fox when its affiliation contract with ABC expired. And, in San Diego, KNSD did not switch because Fox was already on a VHF station, Tijuana, Mexico-based XETV. Both KNSD and WVTM retained their NBC affiliations.

Later that year, former NBC Entertainment president Brandon Tartikoff joined the company, and as a result New World acquired his production company Moving Target Productions. Also, New World acquired the remainder of Genesis Entertainment, which gave New World television distribution capabilities as well as production.

In 1995, New World sold WSBK-TV in Boston to Viacom. As well, Genesis Entertainment was renamed New World-Genesis Distribution. Later, it signed a distribution deal with NBC (Access Hollywood was the only program that came out of the deal, it is now distributed by NBCUniversal Television) which also called for ten-year NBC affiliation renewals on the Birmingham and San Diego stations. That year also brought in the acquisition of Cannell Entertainment and Premiere magazine (Premiere magazine was purchased in a joint venture between New World and Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S., when New World was sold to News Corporation, Hachette-Filipacchi took full ownership of Premiere).

In 1996 New World sold the Birmingham and San Diego stations to NBC, becoming final on August 14. In July of that same year, News Corporation announced the purchase of the remainder of New World Communications.

On January 22, 1997, News Corporation completed the acquisition of New World Communications, and its television stations were placed into the Fox Television Stations division. Stations formerly owned by New World and still owned by Fox, the copyright for the stations have been either "New World Communications of (city or state)" or "NW Communications of (city or state)" except between 2007 and June 2009. These names have also been used as the legal licensee names of these stations since late June 2009.

Current rights to New World Pictures/Entertainment/Television library

1971-1983 films

  • TV - Trifecta Entertainment & Media
  • Video - New Horizons Home Video and Shout! Factory[8]

1984-1991 films

Television programs

Former New World-owned television stations

DMA# City of license/Market Station RF
Channel
Display
Channel
Years owned Affiliation
5. Dallas - Fort Worth KDFW-TV 35 4 1995–97 Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)
KDFI-TV 36 27 * MyNetworkTV O&O owned by Fox
7. Boston WSBK-TV 39 38 1993–95 MyNetworkTV affiliate owned by CBS Corporation
8. Atlanta WAGA-TV 27 5 1993–97 Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)
11. Detroit WJBK-TV 7 2 1993–97 Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)
12. Phoenix KSAZ-TV 10 10 1994–97 Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)
14. Tampa - St. Petersburg WTVT 12 13 1993–97 Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)
18. Cleveland WJW-TV 8 8 1993–97 Fox affiliate owned by Local TV
21. St. Louis KTVI 43 2 1995–97 Fox affiliate owned by Local TV
28. San Diego KNSD 40 39 1993–96 NBC owned-and-operated (O&O)
(joint venture with LIN Television)
31. Kansas City, Missouri WDAF-TV 34 4 1994–97 Fox affiliate owned by Local TV
35. Milwaukee WITI-TV 33 6 1993–97 Fox affiliate owned by Local TV
40. Birmingham, Alabama WBRC-TV 50 6 1994–95** Fox affiliate owned by Raycom Media
WVTM-TV 13 13 1995–96 NBC affiliate owned by Media General
44. Austin, Texas KTBC-TV 7 7 1995–97 Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)
47. High Point - Greensboro -
Winston-Salem, N.C.
WGHP-TV 35 8 1994–95** Fox affiliate owned by Local TV
*--Station owned by a third party but operated by KDFW-TV under a local marketing agreement.
**--Stations acquired with the purchases of KSAZ-TV and WDAF-TV, but later placed in a trust for sale to Fox. New World continued to operate the stations for several months until Fox took over through time brokerage agreements in September 1995.

Partial filmography

Year Title
1974 The Arena
Cockfighter
Big Bad Mama
Down and Dirty Duck
1975 Death Race 2000
1976 Eat My Dust
1977 Grand Theft Auto
1977 Too Hot to Handle
1978 Piranha
A Hero Ain't Nothin' but a Sandwich
Avalanche
The Bees
1979 Rock 'n' Roll High School
1980 Humanoids from the Deep
Battle Beyond the Stars
1981 Galaxy of Terror
1982 Forbidden World
Paradise
Android
1983 Last Plane Out
1984 Angel
Warriors of the Wind
Love Letters
Body Rock
C.H.U.D.
Crimes of Passion
Children of the Corn
1985 Tuff Turf
Avenging Angel
The Boys Next Door
Lust In The Dust
Fraternity Vacation
Girls Just Want to Have Fun
Godzilla 1985
Making Contact, also known a Joey
Out of Control
The Stuff
Transylvania 6-5000
1986 Black Moon Rising
House
No Retreat, No Surrender
Reform School Girls
1987 Return to Horror High
Death Before Dishonor
Beyond Therapy
Nice Girls Don't Explode
Creepshow 2
House II: The Second Story
Flowers in the Attic
Hellraiser
Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night
1988 Hellbound: Hellraiser II
Elvira, Mistress of the Dark
Dead Heat
Slugs
Return of the Killer Tomatoes
The Navigator: A Mediaeval Odyssey
Halloween 4: The Return of Michael Myers
1989 Warlock
The Punisher
Heathers
Halloween 5: The Revenge of Michael Myers
1990 Revenge
Meet the Applegates
1991 Killer Tomatoes Eat France

References

  1. ^ a b c "REAL CLIFFHANGER Will New World Be the Next Financial Horror in Hollywood? New World Entertainment". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1988-03-06/business/fi-983_1_new-world-entertainment. Retrieved 2010-11-12. 
  2. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (October 11, 1988). "Superheroes' Battleground: Prime Time". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/11/arts/superheroes-battleground-prime-time.html?scp=15&sq=Incredible%20Hulk%20bill%20bixby&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  3. ^ a b c "MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings Inc.". Funding Universe. http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/MacAndrews-amp;-Forbes-Holdings-Inc-Company-History.html. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  4. ^ a b "MARVEL ENTERTAINMENT AND AVI ARAD TO DEVELOP MEDIA PROJECTS". The Free Library.com. Farlex, Inc.. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/MARVEL+ENTERTAINMENT+AND+AVI+ARAD+TO+DEVELOP+MEDIA+PROJECTS-a013140213. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Hicks, Jonathan P. (1988-11-08). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Marvel Comic Book Unit Being Sold for $82.5 Million". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0710FC3B5C0C7B8CDDA80994D0484D81. Retrieved 2010-10-22. 
  6. ^ "John Semper on "Spider-Man": 10th Anniversary Interview". Marvel Animation Age. toonzone.net. http://marvel.toonzone.net/spideytas/semperinterview4.htm. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Cawley, John. "Marvel Films Animation 1993-1997". Home of John Cawley. John Cawley. http://www.cataroo.com/020104.html. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Shout If You Want Roger Corman Creatures and Classic Gamera DVDs!". DreadCentral. http://www.dreadcentral.com/news/35133/shout-if-you-want-roger-corman-creatures-and-classic-gamera-dvds. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New World Pictures — Logo de News World Pictures (1984) Création 1970 Disparition 1997 Personnages …   Wikipédia en Français

  • New Renaissance Pictures — Industry Filmmaking Founded July 2005 Headquarters La Habra, California, U.S …   Wikipedia

  • New World Communications — ), continue to exist as holding companies within the complex NewsCorp corporate structure.Company historyNew World Pictures (1970 1987)*1970 The company was founded as New World Pictures, Ltd., by movie producer Roger Corman. *1983 Corman sold… …   Wikipedia

  • New World Man — Single by Rush from the album Signals B side Vi …   Wikipedia

  • New World Tapestry — The New World Tapestry is the largest stitched embroidery in the world,[1] larger than the Bayeux Tapestry. It depicts English colonisation attempts in Newfoundland, North America, the Guyanas and Bermuda between the years 1583 and 1642, when the …   Wikipedia

  • New World Disorder — ▪ 1994 by Daniel Schorr       My friend Flora Lewis summed up the year 1991 in these pages, with appropriate tentativeness, as a time of transition. She noted the fears and uncertainties that had started cropping up in the wake of the collapse of …   Universalium

  • Brave New World — This article is about the novel. For other uses, see Brave New World (disambiguation). Brave New World   …   Wikipedia

  • The New World — Infobox Film name = The New World image size = caption = Theatrical poster director = Terrence Malick producer = Sarah Green Terrence Malick writer = Terrence Malick narrator = starring = Colin Farrell Q Orianka Kilcher Christopher Plummer… …   Wikipedia

  • New Concorde — (NC) is a Los Angeles, California based film distribution company founded by Roger Corman.[1] NC got its start in 1983 when Corman formed the production and distribution Concorde New Horizons (CNH) as one of the first production companies to… …   Wikipedia

  • World War III in popular culture — World War III is a common theme in popular culture. Since the 1940s, countless books, films, and television programmes have used the theme of nuclear weapons and a third global war.Biggs, Lindy and Hansen, James (editors), 2004, Readings in… …   Wikipedia