- Fred Williams
name = Fred Williams
imagesize = 230px
caption = Fred Williams
birthname = Frederick Ronald Williams
birthdate = 23 January 1927
deathdate = 22 April 1982
nationality = flagicon|Australia
training = National Gallery School, Melbourne, Chelsea School of Art, London
works = Pilbara series (1979–81)
awards = Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Frederick Ronald (Fred) Williams OBE (23 January 1927 - 22 April 1982) was an
Australian painter and printmaker. He was one of Australia’s most important artists, and one of the twentieth century’s major painters of the landscape. He had more than seventy solo exhibitions during his career in Australian galleries, as well as the exhibition "Fred Williams - Landscapes of a Continent" at the Museum of Modern Artin New York in 1977.
Fred Williams was born in 1927 in
Melbourne. From 1943 to 1947 he studied at the National Gallery School, Melbourne, at first part-time and then full-time from 1945 at the age of 16. The Gallery School was traditional and academic, with a long and prestigious history. He also began lessons under George Bell the following year, who had his own art school in Melbourne. This continued until 1950. Bell was a conservative modern artist but a very influential teacher.
Between 1951 and 1956, Williams studied part-time at the Chelsea School of Art,
London(now Chelsea College of Art and Design) and in 1954 he did an etching course at the Central School of Arts and Craft. He subsidised his art practice by working in a picture-framer’s shop. He returned to Melbourne in 1957.
He had work included in the 'Recent Australian Painting' exhibition at the
Whitechapel Gallery, London, and 'Australian Painting: Colonial, Impressionism, Modern' at the Tate Gallery.
He married Lyn Watson in 1960, and they had three daughters: Isobel, Louise and Kate. In 1963 the couple moved to
Upwey, Victoriain the Dandenong Rangesoutside Melbourne, a location that would have a decisive impact on his work. In 1964 they travelled through Europeon a Helena RubensteinScholarship. In 1969 Williams moved to Hawthorn, an inner suburb of Melbourne.
In 1976 he was named an Officer of the
Order of the British Empire(OBE), and awarded a Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa) by Monash Universityin 1980.
Williams won the
Wynne Prizefor landscape painting twice; in 1966 with "Upwey Landscape" and in 1976 with "Mt. Kosciusko".
His painting "Upwey Landscape" (1965) sold for $1,987,700 in one of the final auctions of
Christie'sin Australia in April 2006, which was the second highest price for an Australian work. [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,18778706-2702,00.html] [http://dailytelegraph.news.com.au/story/0,20281,18777417-5001028,00.html] The previous highest price for one of Williams' paintings was $5,875,000 for "You Yangs Landscape" in 1963.
He died in 1982, in Hawthorn from lung cancer at age 55.
After mainly working with figures in early paintings and etchings, he began painting landscapes after returning to Melbourne in 1957, which remained the major theme in his art.
While learning etching and printing in London, he produced vivid caricatured sketches of contemporary London life. It was during this period that he established his method of reworking the same motif a number of times in a number of mediums and very often over a number of years.
As an artist concerned with form over subjectivity, Williams' approach struck a jarring note against the unity of many of his close associates such as
John Brack, Arthur Boydand Charles Blackman, the authors of the famous ‘Antipodean’ manifesto of 1959. Williams' work was excluded from their major exhibition. As heirs to the expressionisttradition, the Antipodeans lauded a spontaneous, improvised approach to painting and saw the function of art as vested in its expressive potential. They had little time for - and, in fact, denounced - the 'new' art emerging from Europe, the influences which were increasingly informing Williams' development.
On his return to Australia, Williams saw the
aestheticpotential of the Australian bush in its inherent plasticity. His interest lay in finding an aesthetic 'language' with which to express the very un-European Australian landscape. This was grounded in establishing a pictorial equivalent to the overwhelmingly vast, primarily flat landscape, in which the traditional European relationship of foreground to background breaks down, necessitating a complete re-imagining of compositional space. In this, Williams looked to the approach taken by Australian Aboriginalartists.
He did this by tilting the landscape up against the
picture plane, so that frequently the only indicator of horizontal recession is the presence of a horizonline, or where clumps of trees huddle closer together towards the horizon, suggesting recession. Where no horizon is visible, the landscape runs fully parallel to the picture plane, as in the major You Yangs series of the mid-1960s. Here, calligraphic knots of pigment indicate the presence of single trees against the earth, as if seen from the air ( [http://www.holmesacourtgallery.com.au/collection/artist-profile.cfm?artist_id=23 example] ).
In the last years of his career, Williams produced more landscape series with strong themes, his last being the
Pilbaraseries (1979–81), which remained intact as it was acquired by Con-Zinc Rio Tinto Group, the mining company that had invited him to explore the arid north-west region of Australia.
* Kirsty Grant,Fred Williams: Pilbara Series", National Gallery Of Victoria, Melbourne, 2006
* Patrick McCaughey, "Fred Williams, 1927-82", Bay Books, Sydney; second revised edition, 1987
* James Mollison, "A Singular Vision: The Art of Fred Williams", Australian National Gallery, Canberra, 1989
* [http://www.balgal.com/?id=williamsfred Ballarat Fine Art Gallery]
* [http://www.fredwilliams.me.com.au/ Fred Williams website]
* [http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/collection/australian/painting/w/williams.html National Gallery of Victoria]
* [http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ArtistWorks?cgroupid=999999961&artistid=2307&page=1&sole=y&collab=y&attr=y&sort=default&tabview=worklist Tate Gallery]
* [http://fredwilliams.lookat.me.com.au Fred Williams Image Gallery]
(If anyone wants a portrait photo of Fred Williams, they can find it at http://www.portrait.gov.au/collection/1/832/med_Fred%20Williams.jpg)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fred Williams — Données clés Nationalité Canada Né le 1er juillet 1956, Saskatoon (Canada) Taille … Wikipédia en Français
Fred Williams — (* 9. Februar 1938 in München; als Friedrich Wilhelm Löcherer) ist ein deutscher Schauspieler. Leben Williams wirkte vornehmlich in europäischen Produktionen der 1960er und 1970er Jahre mit. Oft war er in Filmen von Federico Fellini, José… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fred Williams (disambiguation) — Fred Williams could refer to any of these people: *Fred Williams, (1927–1982), Australian painter *Fred Williams (hockey player) (born 1956), Canadian ice hockey player *Fred Williams (football player) (1929–2000), American football player *Fred… … Wikipedia
Fred Williams (ice hockey) — Frederick Richard Williams (born July 1, 1956, in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada) is a retired ice hockey centre. He was drafted 1st (4th overall) by the Detroit Red Wings in the 1976 NHL draft. He only played in 44 games at the NHL level. He is … Wikipedia
Fred Williams (football player) — NFL player Name=Fred Williams DateOfBirth=February 8, 1929 Birthplace= Little Rock, Arkansas DateOfDeath=death date and age|2000|10|9|1929|02|8 Position=Defensive tackle College=Arkansas number=75/77 DraftedYear=1952 DraftedRound=5 DraftedPick=56 … Wikipedia
Fred Williams (football coach) — College coach infobox Name = Fred Williams Caption = DateOfBirth = Birthplace = DateOfDeath = Sport = College football College = Emporia State University Title = CurrentRecord = OverallRecord = 2 6 1 Awards = CFbDWID = Player = Years = Team =… … Wikipedia
Williams (Familienname) — Williams ist ein englischer Familienname. Bedeutung Der Name ist eine patronymische Ableitung und bedeutet Sohn des William. Verbreitung Williams ist mit 0,69 Prozent Namensträgern an der Gesamtbevölkerung dritthäufigster Familienname in den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Williams — /ˈwɪljəmz/ (say wilyuhmz) noun 1. Sir Edward Stratten, 1921–99, Australian lawyer; headed the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Drugs 1977–80; Australian of the Year 1982. 2. Francis Edgar, 1893–1943, Australian anthropologist. 3. Fred(erick)… … Australian English dictionary
Fred Rose (musician) — Fred Rose (August 24, 1897 December 1, 1954) was an American Hall of Fame songwriter and music publishing executive.Born in Evansville, Indiana, Fred Rose started playing piano and singing as a small boy. In his teens, he moved to Chicago,… … Wikipedia
Fred Apostoli — Fiche d’identité Nom complet Alfredo Apostoli Surnom Boxing Bell Hop Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français