Přemyslid dynasty

Přemyslid dynasty

The Přemyslids (Czech: "Přemyslovci", Polish: "Przemyślidzi", German: "Premysliden"), were a Czech royal dynasty which reigned in Bohemia (9th century1306) and in Poland (13001306).

Legendary rulers

The name of the dynasty, according to Cosmas in his "Chronica Boemorum" (1119), comes from its legendary founder, Přemysl, husband of Libuše.

* Přemysl and Libuše
* Nezamysl
* Mnata
* Vojen
* Vnislav
* Křesomysl
* Neklan
* Hostivít

Dukes of Bohemia

The first historical Přemyslid was Duke Bořivoj I, baptised in 874 by Saint Methodius. In 895, Bohemia gained independence from the Great Moravia. Between 1003 and 1004, Bohemia was controlled by Boleslaus the Brave, Duke of Poland from the Piast dynasty, grandson of Boleslaus I the Cruel.

In 1085, Duke Vratislaus II, and, in 1158, Duke Vladislaus II, were crowned King of Bohemia as a personal award from the Holy Roman Emperor. The title, however, was not hereditary.

* Bořivoj I. (c.870889)
* Spytihněv I. (895915)
* Vratislav I. (Vratislaus) (915921)
* Václav Svatý (Saint Wenceslaus) (921935)
* Boleslav I. Ukrutný (Boleslaus I the Cruel) (935972)
* Boleslav II. Pobožný (Boleslaus II the Pious) (972999)
* Boleslav III. Ryšavý (Boleslaus III the Red-haired) (9991002)
* Vladivoj (10021003)
* Boleslav III. (1003)
* Jaromír (10041012)
* Oldřich (10121033)
* Jaromír (10331034)
* Oldřich (1034)
* Břetislav I. (Bretislaus) (10351055)
* Spytihněv II. (10551061)
* Vratislav II. (Vratislaus) (10611092), king (1085-1092) as Vratislav I.
* Konrád I. Brněnský (Conrad of Brno) (1092)
* Břetislav II. (Bretislaus) (10921100)
* Bořivoj II. (11011107)
* Svatopluk Olomoucký (Sventopluk of Olomouc) (11071109)
* Vladislav I. (Vladislaus) (11091117)
* Bořivoj II. (11171120)
* Vladislav I. (11201125)
* Soběslav I. (Sobeslaus) (11251140)
* Vladislav II. (Vladislaus) (11401172), king (1158-1172) as Vladislav I.
* Bedřich (Frederick) (11721173)
* Soběslav II. (Sobeslaus) (11731178)
* Bedřich (11781189)
* Konrád II. Ota (Conrad Otto) (11891191)
* Václav II. (Wenceslaus) (11911192)
* Přemysl Otakar I. (Ottokar) (11921193)
* Jindřich Břetislav (Henry Bretislaus) (11931197)
* Vladislav Jindřich (Vladislaus Henry) (1197)
* Přemysl Otakar I. (11971198)

Kings of Bohemia

In 1198, Duke Přemysl Otakar I gained the title of King of Bohemia for his person as an ally of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. He was awarded hereditary title in Federick's Golden Bull of Sicily (1212).

* Přemysl Otakar I. (Ottokar) (11981230)
* Václav I. (Wenceslaus) (12301253)
* Přemysl Otakar II. (Ottokar) (12531278)
* Václav II. (Wenceslaus) (12781300)
* Václav III. (Wenceslaus) (13051306)

Kings of Bohemia, Poland and Hungary

In 1300, King Wenceslaus II was crowned King of Poland.

* Wacław II Czeski (13001305)
* Wacław III Czeski (13051306), also king of Hungary (1301-1305) as V. László (Ladislaus), actually Vencel

The royal line ended in 1306, with the death of King Wenceslaus III. The Bohemian throne went to the Luxembourgs, and the Polish returned to the Piasts. Descendants of Nicholas, illegitimate son of King Přemysl Otakar II still, however, ruled Opava and Racibórz. This line ended in 1521, with the death of Valentine, Duke of Racibórz.

See also

* List of rulers of Bohemia
* List of Polish rulers

Family tree

Bořivoj I. + Saint Ludmila
*Spytihněv I.
*Vratislav I.
**Saint Václav I.
**Boleslav I. the Cruel
***Boleslav II. the Pious
****Boleslav III. the Red-haired
****Jaromir the Eunuch
****Václav the Infantdead
*****Břetislav I. Achilles
******Spytihněv II.
******Vratislav II.
*******Bretislav II.
*******Borivoj II.
*******Vladislav I.
********Vladislav II.
*********Otakar I
**********Wenceslas I
***********Otakar II the Golden and Iron
************Wenceslas II
*************Wenceslas III d. 1306 as last male member of the royal Přemyslid dynasty, murdered in Moravia
*************Elisabeth I of Bohemia d. 1320 as last member of the royal Přemyslid dynasty
***********illegitimate line of Dukes of Opava; died out in 1521
**********Queen Dagmar of Dennmark
*********Vladislav III Henry
*********Bretislav III. Henry (Henry Bretislav)
*******Sobeslav I.
********Sobeslav II. the Peasant
********Wenceslas II.
******Bishop Jaromir
******Konrad I. of Brno and Znojmo
*******Konrad of Brno
*******Litolt of Znojmo
********Konrad of Znojmo
*********Konrad II. Ota of Brno and Znojmo
******Otto of Olomouc
*******Otto II the Black
***Abbess Mlada
***Dobrava m. Mieszko I of Poland
***Legendist Christian

Family tree of Elizabeth I of Bohemia + Jagellonians + Habsburgs

*Charles I the Great (IV of Germany)
**Wenceslas IV
****Ladislaus Posthumous
****queen Elisabeth II of Bohemia
*****Vladislav IV of Jagiello
******Louis of Jagiello
******Anna + Ferdinand I
*******Maxmilian I
********Rudolph II
*******Charles of Stiermark
********Ferdinand II
*********Ferdinand III
**********Ferdinand IV
**********Leopold I
***********Joseph I
************Marie Amalie + Charles III of Bavaria
***********Charles II
************Mary Teresia
*************Joseph II
*************Leopold II
**************Francis I
***************Ferdinand V
***************Francis Charles
****************Francis II Joseph
****************Emperor Maxmilian
****************Charles Louis
*****************Francis Ferdinand d'Este
******************Charles IV
*******************Otto von Habsburg
**John of Zgorzelec
***Elizabeth of Luxemburg
*John Henry
**Emperor Jost of Moravia

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