Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district


Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar
—  district  —
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar
Location of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar
in Punjab and India
Coordinates 31°07′00″N 76°08′00″E / 31.1167°N 76.1333°E / 31.1167; 76.1333Coordinates: 31°07′00″N 76°08′00″E / 31.1167°N 76.1333°E / 31.1167; 76.1333
Country India
State Punjab
Population 587,468 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Website nawanshahr.nic.in

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district (Punjabi:ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਗਰ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ), Hindi: शहीद भगत सिंह नगर ज़िला; formerly Nawanshahr district) is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It consists of two Sub -Divisions Nawanshahr and Balachaur. There are three legislative seats in the district, Nawanshahr, Balachaur and Banga. They fall under the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha Constituency.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Barnala and Fatehgarh Sahib.[1]

Contents

History

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on November 7, 1995, as the sixteenth district of Punjab State named from the headquarters town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr town is said to have been built by an Afghan Military Chief, Nausher Khan. Previously it was called "Nausar" but with the passage of time, the town came to be known "The Nawanshahr". Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Ghorewaha Rajputs.

The Scheduled Caste population is more than 40%, one of the highest percentage in India.


Nawanshahr became the District in 1995 during S.Harcharan Brar Govt., with the strong efforts of Late S.Dilbag Singh, Former Cabinet Minister and the then MLA of Nawanshahr. People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled abroad. Consequently huge remittance is being received back in India which contributes to the district's economic development and prosperity. The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is sky-scraping and almost far more than most of the districts in the state except Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. Nawanshahr is rising due to the currency coming from NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad. Nawanshahr also has a rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.

This region has abundant health facilities. Here Private clinics and Nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have latest medical equipments. There are adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Urapar, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are provided all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district health services are available. Veterinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

On September 27, 2008 at Khatkar Kalan, eight km from Nawanshahr, the Punjab government announced that a district in the state would be named after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. The announcement was made by Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal at the ancestral village of the Shahid Bhagat Singh to mark his 101st birth anniversary and Nawanshahr district was renamed Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar.

Political and religious background

Gurdwara Charan Kanwal where Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji resided for a month is situated in Banga City(village Jindowal) on Nawanshahr-Phagwara Highway. Mazara Nau Abad Village near Banga is one of the Popular villages in Doaba Region as it is the Holy Place where Shri Nabh Kanwal Raja Sahib chanted the name of God. Other Religious Places to visit in District S.B.S. Nagar are Gurdwara Nanaksar (Hakimpur), Gurdwara Sri Hargobind Sahib Ji (Laroya), Roza Sharif Mandhali, Peer Gulami Shah (Banga).Shahid Babbar Karam Singh, one of the Frontline Leaders of Akali Babber Movement was from Daulatpur on Nawanshahr-Chandigarh Highway. Late Master Sudhagar Singh Dhindsa, one of Sikh missionary from Banga, baptized (Amrit Chakhna) more than fifty thousand people and cherished his role as volunteer social reformer throughout his life. He laid down stone of Gurudwara Charan Kanwal Langar Hall in 1999. He was one of founder and member of KALGIDHAR SEWAK JATHA, Doaba, Banga, which is active Sikh missionary organisation, publicly funded and group of volunteer members. KALGIDHAR SEWAK JATHA organize lots of local and nation-wide religious procession, cultural and social reform projects and also respond to any nationwide natural crisis like earthquake, flood,landslide and any other natural disaster.


Famous International Punjabi Singer Jazzy Bains (Jazzy B.) also hails from Vill. Durgapur near Nawanshahr but currently he resides in United Kingdom. Prominent Lyricist Jasvir Gunachauria also hails from Vill. Gunachaur near Banga. Apart from him Amrita Virk, Parveen Bharta.Buta Mohammad And Tru-Skool(Toni) (Punjabi Musician)

Geography

Nawanshahr district is located at 31°48′N 76°42′E / 31.8°N 76.7°E / 31.8; 76.7.[2]

Area and population

  • Total area (km².) 1,258[3]
  • Total population (2001 Census) 587,468[3]
  • Male 306,902[3]
  • Female 280,566[3]
  • Female per 1000 male: 913[3]
  • Density of population (per km².) 439[3]
  • Percentage increase in population (1991–2001) 10.43[3]..

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district has a population of 614,362 ,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[5] or the US state of Vermont.[6] This gives it a ranking of 522nd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 479 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.58 %.[4] Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 80.3 %.[4]

References

http://www.namdar.net/Ghorewaha.htm

  1. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "Nawanshahr District Location". nawanshahr.nic.in. http://nawanshahr.nic.in/html/about_district.htm#location. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Nawanshahr District Census 2001". nawanshahr.nic.in. http://nawanshahr.nic.in/html/census_figure.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Vermont 625,741" 

SAKOHPUR

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