Navaragamalika


Navaragamalika

A Navaragamalika (pronounced navarāgamālika) is a composition in Carnatic Music that is composed using a collection of nine ragas.[1] The most well-known example of a Navaragamalika is Valachi Vachi, a varnam in the nine ragams of Kedaram, Shankarabharanam, Kalyani, Begada, Kambhoji, Yadukulakambhoji, Bilahari, Mohanam and Sree.[2] The author of the varnam is said to be Patnam Subramania Iyer,[3] though it is also attributed to Kottavasal Venkatarama Iyer.[4]


Navaragamalikas are commonly used in the composition of Pada Varnams, which are a class of varnams composed mainly for dance. They are particularly useful when the song is intended to portray the Navarasas, or nine emotions. Navaragamalika Pada Varnams include:

Samiyai Azhaitodi Vaa, composed by K N Dandayuthapani Pillai, in ragas Todi, Mohanam, Vasanta, Devamanohari, Shankarabharanam, Saranga, Kaanada, Arabhi and Bhairavi. This composition makes use of the raga mudras in the Sahityam (lyrics) of the song.

Angaiyar Kanni, by Lalgudi Jayaraman, is a Navarasa Varnam. It is composed in ragas Bilahari - portraying Ananda (Bliss) or Veera (Valour), Huseni - portraying Shringara (Love), Valaji - Adbhuta (Wonder), Saranga - Hasya (Humour), Sucharitra - Bibhasta (Disgust), Atana - Raudra (Anger), Rasikapriya - Bhayanaka (Fear), Sahana - Karunya (Pathos) and Nadanamakriya - Shantam (Peace).

References

  1. ^ Indian review of books (Acme Books) 4: 28. 1994. ISSN 0971-2054. 
  2. ^ Tenzer, Michael (2006). Analytical studies in world music. Oxford University Press US. p. 310. ISBN 9780195177886. 
  3. ^ Iyer, S. Venkitasubramonia (1975). Swati Tirunal and his music. College Book House. p. 138. OCLC 2188842. 
  4. ^ Tenzer, Michael (2006). Analytical studies in world music. Oxford University Press US. p. 303. ISBN 9780195177886. 

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  • Varnam — is a form of song in the Carnatic music repertoire. A varnam is a relatively long piece and can range from 30 minutes to up to nearly an hour or 40 50 min. It is usually set to Aadi or Ata tala. It is the center piece in a recital of music or… …   Wikipedia